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Our mission is to restore the lawful government that is owed to us.

March 25th, 2017 by

http://www.paulstramer.net/2017/03/our-mission-is-to-restore-lawful.html

Lawful Government

By Anna Von Reitz

Our lawful government, sometimes called the “de jure” government, is called the United States of America.  The United States of America has been undermined from within by a commercial corporation calling itself the United States, which is under contract to our states to provide “essential government services”.  (See the Definitive Treaty of Peace, Paris, 1783 and Article IV.)

The United States is controlled by the Pope and the British Monarch and operated by a Board of Trustees calling itself the United States Congress.

The United States went rogue during and after the so-called American Civil War and just neglected to tell anyone.

Ever since, the United States has been in one kind of “war” after another— the war on poverty and the war on drugs and the war on terrorism— as well as endless nasty political and police actions for profit.

Yet the Civil War wasn’t really a war at all.  It was an illegal commercial mercenary action carried out on our shores.  It was never declared by the Congress.  It was never ended by a peace treaty.

President Andrew Johnson declared peace in public three times, and created a contract for peace, but that’s not the same thing as a peace treaty.

Obviously, the Popes and the British Monarchs and the people we so trustingly sent to Congress to represent us have failed to do the job. They have acted in Breach of Trust and commercial contract for 150 years right under our noses.

They have used us as “muscle” to carry on endless wars for profit and illegal police actions throughout the world.  They’ve neglected our country’s needs and stolen it blind while at the same time killing millions of innocent people and they have blamed us for it all.

Now they are targeting the people of China to take our place as the Bully Boys of the world.  They have sent their bankers and lawyers and tons of our gold to China, intending to set up shop again and pull the same old crap over there.

We’ve been stupid, folks, for a very long time.

None of us remember a legitimate and fully functioning American government. All we know is the slow parasitic rot imposed on us by the British Monarchs and the Pope and the politicians in control of the United States.

It’s no wonder that millions of Americans detest what they think of as their government, but what everyone worldwide needs to understand is that that thing in Washington, DC, isn’t our government.

The United States, Inc., is a foreign corporation in the business of providing governmental services—hence the reason it is called a “de facto” government.

It is really just an adjunct to our lawful government, like a catering service or housekeeping service, that our ancestors subscribed to.

Given all this, it is apparent that America has been tragically deceived and defrauded and off track for a very long time.

People around the world have grown to hate Americans and we have been blamed for the actions of the United States, which is nothing but a gigantic multi-national commercial corporation gone wild.

It should surprise no one that the United States has used crooked bookkeeping to embezzle trillions of dollars out of our economy, and then, on top of it, has claimed that we didn’t pay them and that they are trillions of dollars in debt, and are seeking bankruptcy protection because of it.

This is the complete and utter mess that Donald J. Trump has inherited, and it is all directly attributable to the Popes, the British Monarchs, the treasonous members of Congress and the puppet Presidents who have run this country into the ground and worked to enslave the American people for the last 150 years.

The “frog” is now well and truly boiled, but still alive.  And the “frog” is angry. That’s understood.  It is painful and scary to wake up and realize that the men and institutions you placed your faith in all your life have grossly betrayed you.

Bear in mind that the men and institutions guilty of these horrific crimes against us and against the entire rest of the world, have no friends left.

They are trapped with the Americans on one side and the rest of the world on the other.  The British people have been just as shamelessly abused as we have, quite possibly more.

From both within and without, then, these hateful monsters have carried out their war against Mankind and have used the churches and what appeared to be lawful governments as storefronts for their parasitic activities.

At the end of the day, who is responsible?

As a short list– the Popes, the British Monarchs, the Lord Mayors of London, the Lords of the Admiralty, the British Parliament, the US Congress, the government corporations of the European nations, Japan, Canada, Australia—-are all in the frying pan.

The entire Earth is overdue for a political housecleaning, and Donald J. Trump has landed himself in one helluva position to be in.

We, Americans, like the rest of the world have every reason to despise the renegade United States.  We have every reason to rise up and murder the members of Congress and desecrate Washington, DC, yes, every reason to raze it to the ground and piss on the graves of those who would defend it.

We have cause to do that, but we would be supremely stupid to do that.

Instead, we need to keep calm and get even.

The entire world now knows what has gone on here.  They know who the guilty parties are.  They are looking to us for leadership to find the way forward and they won’t be disappointed.

We’ve looked back to our roots to find ourselves again.  All across the country county and state jural assemblies are gathering.  Day by day, Americans are waking up and returning the false gift of “US PERSONS” that have been foisted off on us.

Those who have defrauded and abused us are being recognized as international criminals.  Their foreign duplicitous Satanic religion is being recognized for what it is— a reprise of Ancient Babylon brought forward like a cancer concealed in the Roman Catholic Church.

Even the members of the US Congress are beginning to wake up.  Trey Gowdy and Rand Paul aren’t the only ones speaking our language anymore.

Quietly, with great resolve, America — the real America—-is on the move.

Our goal isn’t to destroy the United States, but to take back our rightful control of it and get to the bottom of the criminality infesting it.  As we go, we are learning our own history and filling the vacated offices that our lawful government is owed.

We are going to completely restore our lawful Common Law court system, which is owed to the people of this country.  We are going to sort out the crooked government bookkeeping and dispose of the “National Debt”.  We are going to bust the foreign media cartels.  We are going to secure our borders, mind our business, and let the chips fall as they may.

In the midst of this humongous endeavor, it is imperative for everyone to stay grounded and think things through.  None of this is rocket science, but it took 150 years for this situation to develop. We can expect the clean up to last more than a decade.  Meantime, the sky is not falling.  We are not broke.  We have the power to change things peacefully using Due Process and our own Public Law.

What could go wrong?

We could trust the wrong people again.

That is the chief danger we face. There are among us paid provocateurs and an equally common breed of opportunists eager to seize power for power’s sake.

These Bad Actors always show their colors eventually, so pay close attention to both words and deeds.

We now have among us men who are preaching a False Gospel.  They are saying, “Hey, we are the people!  We can do anything we want!”

The same thing can be said of any gang of outlaws— until the rest of us catch up with them.

Men who have been oppressed by a commercial corporation masquerading as their own government have a right to be angry, but our power and our just cause lies in restoring our rightful and lawful government, complete with its system of checks and balances intact, so that nobody and nothing can oppress any of us again.  Otherwise, we merely jump from one oppression to another.

Our very greatest danger is that some demagogue like Hitler will arise from our disillusionment and discontent and like the Pied Piper, lead the world down the road to senseless war again.

We’ve heard that tune and followed it too many times before.

The greatness of America does not lie in our force of arms, but in our generosity of heart.  Our future does not lie in the mind of any one man, but in the hopes and dreams of us all.

I have done my level best to clue you in and teach you right from wrong. I have been a faithful guide and defender of the innocent, a proponent of peaceful and orderly and lawful change.

God willing, I will be here a while longer to help guide the work, but in the meantime it is imperative for every American to study their own history, learn the structure of their own government, and stop being gullible.

Turn your Shinola Sensors on “High”.

And like the song says, “Don’t get fooled again!”

See this article and over 500 others on Anna’s website here:

www.annavonreitz.com

Lawful Government

About the Supposedly “Missing” Original 13th Amendment. (A Recap of the Scam) +

March 22nd, 2017 by

http://www.paulstramer.net/2017/03/about-supposedly-missing-original-13th.html

13TH AMMENDMENTBy Anna Von Reitz

It’s true that there is another 13th Amendment”, but it’s not missing and the circumstance is not exactly as people are interpreting it.  They think that there is one Constitution and that the so-called “original 13th Amendment” was ratified and then mysteriously disappeared. 

In fact, there are two different constitutions involved.  The Titles of Nobility Amendment was ratified by the original land jurisdiction states in 1819 and became part of The Constitution for the united States of America. 

It was not included in the look-alike, sound-alike Federal (Territorial) Constitution published in 1868 as the Constitution of the United States of America.  Instead, the 13th Amendment to that document was the one consenting to the abolition of slavery everyone is familiar with.

In addition, there is also a Federal (Municipal) Constitution called the Constitution of the United States.  This is the “Constitution” that YOUR Congressmen and Senators are taking their oaths to—-hence the reason that they are not concerned about honoring the other constitutions, are not responsive to your needs, and don’t represent you. 

The lawyers, the Popes, the British Crown, and the British Monarch all pushed and supported the Federal Territorial Constitution, because under its provisions the Pope’s bill collectors and the British Monarch’s “maritime fleet”  could continue to be here and work without being prohibited from holding office or facing other penalties resulting from the conflict of interest that is part of their membership in the BAR Associations and loyalties to the British Monarch.

If you go back to The Definitive Treaty of Peace, Paris, 1783 which ended the Revolutionary War, you will see that there are two populations present—- the “free, sovereign, and independent people of the United States” and the “inhabitants”—British soldiers, bureaucrats, and Tories loyal to the King, who are left here after the war to provide “essential government services”.  The same language is then echoed in the actual Constitution in Article IV. 

Thus there have always been two groups — the American people living in their fifty separate states collectively known as “the people of the united States of America” and the “United States Citizens” who merely reside among us in order to provide the nineteen services delegated to them under the original equity contract —- The Constitution for the united States of America.

The patriots and the Tories have lived together cheek and jowl ever since. 

The illegal mercenary conflict known euphemistically as the “American Civil War” was actually a fight between these two opposing groups and the various European banks that had dogs in the fight.  At the end of this illegal “war-in-name-only” the Southern States lay in ruins and the Northern States were bankrupt and under receivership of bank-appointed Trustees. 

The United States of America would not re-emerge from bankruptcy until 1907.  Note the capital “t” on The United States of America.   Meanwhile, a federal corporation named “the United States of America” would operate as its doppelganger.

While the Carpetbaggers ravaged the South, bank Trustees operating as members of “Congress” raped and pillaged the North, too.  They have continued this “cozy”—–and totally illegal —- arrangement to the current day.  Ask the Congressional Research Service.  The operative parts of the Reconstruction Acts have never been repealed and are still in use. 

It was also during this time immediately following the end of the Civil War that the venal court system got a toe-hold (May 1865) the Rump Congress established ten military districts throughout the eleven vanquished Southern States.  The military commanders in charge of these districts were allowed to appoint civilians loyal to the union cause to serve as magistrates and judges in these “district” courts—- and so, “United States” District Courts came into being, as opposed to Postal District Courts, which the people are owed, and the international jurisdiction of the sea (martial law) was imposed instead of the Common Law. 

Using these foreign law forms, the perpetrators were able to summarily deprive people of their rights and their property, just as they are doing today.

All of this was accomplished under color of law, by constructive fraud, by similar names deceit, and unlawful conversion of property interests beginning in 1865.  The perps have tried to justify this by claiming that they and their government are in a constant state of “war” of some kind or other, and claiming “war powers” that were never granted to them, etc., etc., but in fact what started as fraud ends as fraud, as fraud taints everything it touches and nullifies all resulting actions. 

We are here today, 150 years later, cleaning up the results of the so-called Civil War. 

It is high time we all knew and faced the facts.

President Trump, as Commander-in-Chief, can shut down all the United States District Courts and “federated” State of State Courts which also operate under color of law on American soil.  He can lawfully do away with the problems he has encountered with the Circuit Courts bucking him.  And there is already US Supreme Court precedent deciding the issues: Milligan Ex Parte, very clearly states, that when American Common Law courts are present, the military courts must disappear. 

And so they did largely disappear for a period of years, from approximately 1880 to 1965, we had Federal (Postal District) Courts operating and Federal Marshals protecting the undelegated powers of the states and the people. 

But the rats were hard at it, trying to get in the grain again….. and they came up with “Federal Revenue Sharing” and “Block Grants” as the bait to fully re-institute their “Reconstruction” scenario and give full power to pillage and plunder to their bogus maritime courts.

State of State franchises had first been established under the auspices of the United States of America, Inc. that was bankrupted by Roosevelt in 1933. These were operated under names like “State of Wisconsin” and “State of Minnesota” and also under names like “Elizabeth Emily Jacobsen” and “Frederick William Sloane”.   When the parent corporation was declared bankrupt, the “State of State” franchises were offered as sureties for the debt. (Conference of Governors, March 6, 1933).  Those State of State organizations had placed undisclosed liens against our names and our private property assets and had hypothecated debt against them, so, the “US Trustees”—Federal Reserve, IBRD and World Bank appointees—  came in and seized title to literally everything in sight.  For the next 66 years, Americans would be forced to pay off the debts of a mostly foreign, privately owned governmental services corporation and never be told a word about what they supposedly agreed to or how their participation in this scheme was secured via various adhesion contracts that were misrepresented and non-disclosed and forced upon them as “government mandates”—- social security, driver licenses, marriage licenses, and registration of births.

But, the government services still had to be provided, didn’t they?  So FDR signed over the interest in the United States of America, Inc., and its sureties to the IMF at Bretton Woods, and two years later, the IMF took over as the UNITED STATES, INC. and fronted its very own franchises — like the STATE OF WASHINGTON and the COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS.  And they followed in the footsteps of FDR to set up franchises named after living Americans— a vast crime of personage and unlawful conversion and enslavement.  This is where the all capital names — which are actually not names, but alphabetical account ledgers— appeared.  Thus we have “MARTIN ALLAN SHEHAN” and “LUCY MAE SCHELLING” magically added to the tax rolls and all interest in their property is rolled over and “donated” to the IMF as abandoned property and the actual living people of the same name are deemed to be “Account Holders” liable to pay the debts of these concocted legal fiction entities. 

Add a crooked “double accrual accounting” bookkeeping system, whereby the debts of “MARTIN ALLEN SHEHAN” are assiduously pursued by the IRS as debts owed to the UNITED STATES and STATE OF CALIFORNIA, and the credits owed to “MARTIN ALLEN SHEHAN” are just as promptly collected and maintained by The Internal Revenue Service as a credit ledger that the UNITED STATES and STATE OF CALIFORNIA can borrow against, and you have the rest of the fraud in hand. 

None of the people thus victimized were ever told a word about any of this.  They never knowingly, willingly and with fully disclosed consent agreed to any of it.  It was all foisted off on them by crooked lawyers, crooked bankers, and crooked politicians, enforced by crooked and/or unknowing police forces, and shoved down to the tune of Yankee Doodle Dandy. 

So now here we are, the whistle has been blown, the non-existent “National Debt” has been repudiated as an obvious fraud and odious debt.  The American people have finally stood up and said, “WTF is going on here?”  and President Donald J. Trump needs answers.

Our Living Law Firm has plenty of answers.  We are inviting President Trump and his advisors to Philadelphia to see what we can all do to finally straighten this 150 year-old mess out, regain control of our country, restructure our international relationships, and fix the broken world economy. 

See this article and over 500 others on Anna’s website here:

www.annavonreitz.com

 

The Government of The United States of America hereby reclaims its original Treasury Seal designed in 1780!

http://reignoftheheavens.com/?p=2635

March 20, 2017   GENERAL NEWS AND REPORTS, INTERNATIONAL-PUBLIC-LEGAL NOTICES, Public Notices13TH AMMENDMENTPublished on 03-20-2017 by THE REIGN OF THE HEAVENS SOCIETY POST

International Public Notice

The Government of The United States of America hereby reclaims its original Treasury seal that was usurped by the U.S. Treasury until it was abandoned in 1968 by the U.S. Treasury. The Government of The United States of America hereby exclusively carries the burden of Nationality, Government and National money of the country known as “The United States of America” and the “States of the Union” within it. The foregoing seal shall govern the Continental Dollar. The Treasury Seal is hereby brought forward to the present time and placed within the Articles of Confederation as amended August 5th, 2015.

The specific seal is as follows:

13TH AMMENDMENT

The National assembly hereby welcomes the aforementioned Treasury seal home.

13TH AMMENDMENT

150 Years of British Criminality The Very Short Version

March 20th, 2017 by

http://www.paulstramer.net/2017/03/150-years-of-british-criminality-very.html

SOVEREIGNTYBy Anna Von Reitz

We are Third Party Beneficiaries with respect to the National Trust created in the Preamble and are indemnified in the British system under two Royal Sovereign Seals— the seal of King George the III with respect to the delegated powers, and the seal of William Belcher with respect to the undelegated powers, otherwise known as the Great Seal of the United States.  William Belcher inherited his sovereignty as a result of the Norman Conquest of Britain and Wales.  Thus, the Definitive Treaty of Peace, Paris, 1783, calls George III the “prince of the United States” and does not mention who the actual Head of State—the “king” of the United States— was.  Later generations simply presumed it was the British Monarch, with results disastrous to them and to us.

This split of delegated and undelegated powers held by two sovereigns in international jurisdiction ultimately resulted in the situation we have today, where the delegated powers are held by the British-backed United States and the undelegated powers are held by the “states and people” under the Belcher Seal and operated by the United States of America by default.

The misunderstanding about our states (and also, therefore, our state offices) comes about because people don’t grasp the difference between the international jurisdiction of the sea and the national jurisdiction of the land.  Everything discussed above, including the National Trust established by the Preamble, exists only in the international jurisdiction of the sea and has nothing to do with our sovereignty on the land.

We have all been taught to focus on the Constitution but that is substantially a red herring in that it discusses only our position with respect to the foreign international jurisdiction and says nothing about our own sovereign domain.  This can be excused in that our land jurisdiction was never the subject of The Constitution, so why would the Founders talk about that?  We were expected to know the basis of our own sovereignty on the land, just as we were expected to know the history and protect our own Common Law Courts from British meddling.

Two centuries later, the situation speaks for itself.

As to our sovereignty on the land which vests itself in our nations called “states” for international purposes, that sovereignty derives from entirely different authorities and specifically begins with a land grant and settlement made by the King of Spain in 1778 via (yet another) Treaty of Paris.

The situation was that the British King was financing both sides of the Revolution to hedge his bets— he emerged the victor to a greater or lesser extent, either way.  The King of France was intermediary funneling funds to the Americans.  The King of Spain, however, had grudges against both the King of Britain and the King of France —- and he was in charge of the land jurisdiction worldwide, thanks to the claims of the Holy See and its “dispensations” under the Unam Sanctum Trust.

So while the Americans were concluding their treaty with France to secure what most of them believed was French support for the American Revolution, the King of Spain quietly granted the entire continent (absent Spain’s holdings of course) to the rebels via the “other” Treaty of Paris, 1778. If they could win the war, the land was already vouchsafed to them— and as of 1778, it was available to them to use as collateral to borrow against internationally.

This is how the Americans financed their loans from the French King who was actually acting as a pass-through agent for King George III.  They wagered their claim to the land given to them by the Spanish King and used it as collateral.  If George III had won the ground war, he would have won the whole shooting match; as it was, he emerged with a tidy debt owed by the Americans and a great deal of leverage, which he used to secure the delegated powers granted to him and his proxy government in DC.

The land claim passed from the Spanish King to the colonies, which in the years immediately following the end of open hostilities with Britain (1783-1789) undertook a number of inter-colony initiatives to settle the land jurisdiction claims.  This all focused on settling the national borders of the separate nation-states, establishing trade relationships, currencies, treaties with respect to international commercial issues, taxation, interstate travel, security of the international Post Roads and Post Offices, and similar concerns.  As for the basic grant of land jurisdiction, they issued another trust known as The Supreme Republican Declaration of the United Colonies, grandfathering in the original thirteen colonies as a union of land jurisdiction states, and claiming all the rest of the land jurisdiction for themselves and their progeny subject to later arrangements and acquisitions.

The later arrangements were solidified by the Northwest Ordinance which provided for the orderly creation and inclusion of territories and from the territories the creation of new nation-states which would be enabled to enter the union under the Equal Footing Doctrine.  The inclusion of “other acquisitions” such as the Louisiana Purchase and the Republic of Texas and the Spanish Settlement followed the same basic pattern of establishing a form of territorial government and later, upon enrollment in the original union, a separate state government.

Throughout this discussion we are talking about geographically defined nations and their body politics simply called, “California” or “Wisconsin” or “Ohio”.  References in law books to these states always use the style “states”—– no capitalization whatsoever.  These are the sovereign states from which our sovereignty on the land of this continent derives.  These states are nations in the fullest sense of the word, just like Britain or France.

They are completely different and separate from any “State of __________”, and in fact, the word “of” means “separate from, apart from, or belonging to”, so “State of Delaware” is talking about what?  The international corporation used by the actual state known as Delaware and its people to operate in international commerce.

In trade, Delaware needs no “State of _________” to conduct business within its own borders or with other unincorporated sovereign states and nations.  It is only when it wishes to engage in incorporated business transactions with the other nation-states, like the State of California, or with other countries like France, that it needs to use an incorporated “State of ___________”.

And therein lies the rub.

Each state retains its right to conduct trade within its borders and also retains the right to trade with other sovereign nations; it uses a “State of _________” corporation to operate in international commerce outside its borders— and the proxy “Federal Government” run by the British Monarch has delegated control of international commerce.  This control is exercised by operating all incorporated businesses in all states as franchises of the United States, Inc.

So now you know the difference between the actual land jurisdiction sovereign state and the fact that each one is in fact a separate nation, an entire country unto itself, plus you know what the “State of _________” entity is and what it is used for and who controls it and why.

None of the states operated in international commerce until after the Civil War.  At that time, The United States of America, Inc. was formed, and the original states were forced to write new “state constitutions”.  Under these new constitutions (all constitutions are debt agreements) the corporation used by the actual sovereign state was obliged to operate under names styled like this: California State, Wyoming State, Florida State.  Meanwhile, the name “State of California” and “State of Wyoming”, etc. was “adopted” by totally different entities under new ownership.

This switch and the use of the same old names applied to different corporate entities led up to the greatest fraud in human history.  The “State of Illinois” prior to the Civil War was an entirely different beastie and under completely different ownership than the “State of Illinois” after the Civil War and the same pattern applies across the whole country.  There is a state constitution prior to the Civil War and a new state constitution after the Civil War.

Fast forward again to the 1930’s.  FDR is working as liaison for the United States, Inc. at the Geneva Conventions, May, 1930.  As a business ploy, the G-5 nations agree by private treaty to bankrupt their “international corporations” and discharge all debts left over from the First World War.

Three years later, Roosevelt, now elected President of the United States, carries through and by sleight of hand and deceptive wordsmithing, sets up a constructive fraud by which the California State, Illinois State and other land jurisdiction corporations are “assumed” to be sureties standing good for the debts of the United States, Inc. even though they are owned and operated by the United States of America, Inc.

This isn’t a corporate take-over.  It’s just plain old commercial fraud in which false claims are made against the assets of a Third Party and false assumptions then lead to that innocent victim being charged for the debt via a process of commercial liens and titles and hypothecation of debt.

The American states and people were raped, pillaged, and plundered by the United States, Inc. and the British Crown from 1930 to 1999, when all debts of the bankruptcy of the United States of America were discharged and settled and our “States” doing business as “California State” and “Wisconsin State” were left derelict and adrift, mere shells —- and in exactly the same condition as a man recovering from bankruptcy.

All this was accomplished in Breach of Trust and Commercial Contract by the British Monarch and the British Government operating under color of law on our land, pretending to be our friends, allies, and protectors.

As a result of their vicious fraud our State corporations were left in financial ruin, but like a man recovering from bankruptcy, not dead.

The vermin responsible for palming off their odious debts on us have tried by every means to “finish us off” in the intervening years, without success.

All this history is necessary for you to know before I can answer your “simple” question about the oaths of office owed to our actual States.

The “vacated offices” that we are occupying belong to the land jurisdiction state and are operated as offices of the formerly bankrupted “Alaska State”, “California State” and so on.   These offices were “vacated” during the long bankruptcy and so far as the vermin responsible for this circumstance are concerned, it was never anticipated that they would be re-occupied by the states and the people they belong to.

During the bankruptcy these States were operated by “State of State Legislatures” functioning as Bankruptcy Trustees—- corporate con artists overseeing the rape and the pillaging, but nonetheless “representing” the state in the position of Trustees.  These legislatures operating in that capacity continued to pass “Session Laws” to administer the affairs of the victims.  Thus, for example we have Session Laws that establish the “California State” under a new “state constitution” in 1879, and we have Session Laws established for the bankrupt entity throughout the bankruptcy.

It is via the circa 1870’s “constitutions” creating the Wisconsin State, Louisiana State and so on, that we maintain a chain of title and succession of contract back to the original Constitution and are enabled to enforce it.  It is via the Session Laws related to the “second” state constitutions that we obtain the offices and the oaths.

All land jurisdiction offices are exercised under red ink.   Business signatures are in script in Upper and Lower Case.  All land jurisdiction transactions are understood to be in trade, not commerce, and are not under the control of the United States.  Our business  as State officials and State Citizens is all conducted under unincorporated business structures locally (hence the need for all state and county assemblies to operate as unincorporated businesses)  and under undelegated powers internationally —note the red Post Marks.

All commerce is exercised in blue ink. Commercial signatures of “Account Holders” are in script in Upper and Lower Case.  All sea jurisdiction transactions entered into by US PERSONS are understood to be in commerce.  You are considered to be acting as a US PERSON if you retain such a PERSON.  You surrender these PERSONS via surrendering the BC to the Secretary of the Treasury and appoint him your Fiduciary and credit the United States of America, U.S. Treasury, without recourse.

That settles the issue of whether you are operating as a State Citizen or a US Citizen.

This entire history from the Civil War to date is nothing but a nasty scam designed by the British to bilk their Creditors and palm off their debts on innocent Third Parties, but once you have the history and the names nailed down, it gets easier to comprehend.

See this article and over 400 others on Anna’s website here:

www.annavonreitz.com


Ten Important Facts for Americans

http://www.paulstramer.net/2017/03/ten-important-facts-for-americans.html

By Anna Von Reitz

Fact One:  The states each retained the right to keep their own “well-regulated militia” as part of the constitutional agreement.

Fact Two: There is no provision for any state to operate multi-state armed forces of any kind under state authority.

Fact Three: The United States of America operates the undelegated powers of the states and people in international jurisdiction—that is, the union of states operates those powers and offices, not any one state.

Fact Four:  The Continental Marshals operate in behalf of the United States of America (the whole union of states) to enforce their retained undelegated powers in international jurisdiction.

Fact Five:  Public offices belong to the public, not to the office holder.

Fact Six: Office holders are not free to define or redefine their offices.

Fact Seven: The only people owed the public offices of the States of America, united or otherwise, are Americans born in one of the states of the union who claim their birthright political status as Texans, Minnesotans, Californians, and so on.

Fact Eight:  No United States Citizen or citizen of the United States  can hold a  state office.  None of the states allow dual citizenship.

Fact Nine: Those who fill vacated state offices must take the specific oaths of office for their state and follow the organic and Public Law to the best of their ability.

Fact Ten: Those who fill vacated state offices and who have not surrendered their federal “PERSONS” to the Secretary of the Treasury prior to assuming office are acting in Breach of Trust. This must be corrected or they must be impeached or recalled.

Be not like dumb, driven cattle.

Those who work to restore the lawful government must act lawfully, with clarity, logic, due diligence, and honor.

See this article and over 400 others on Anna’s website here: www.annavonreitz.com

SOVEREIGNTY

 

 

BE CAREFUL WHAT YOU WISH or VOTE FOR

March 18th, 2017 by

http://www.rebelmadman.com/?p=635

DEMOCRACYBy Michael Gaddy

“And remember, where you have a concentration of power in a few hands, all too frequently men with the mentality of gangsters get control. History has proven that” ~ Lord Acton

I am absolutely sure there are millions within this country who believe to achieve constitutional government all that would be required to gain that wonderful pinnacle would be to have a super majority of Republicans in control of the lawmaking body. Unfortunately, the people of Arkansas are beginning to realize the deadly fallacy of that belief.

In November of 2016, the people of Arkansas elected a super majority of self-proclaimed “conservatives,” whatever that word means now in the political lexicon of this era.

Not since the days of Reconstruction have the people of Arkansas witnessed first hand such a full frontal assault on their constitutional rights and Liberty itself. Just name any one of the amendments in the Bill of Rights with the possible exception of the 3rd Amendment and you may rest assured the present legislature in the state of Arkansas has proposed or passed legislation designed to obliterate the rights of the people listed in said amendment.

Selected for special attacks by the army of “conservatives” has been the Second, Fifth, Seventh, Ninth and Tenth amendments. The legislature has, in its attacks on the 2A, demanded that the citizens of Arkansas pay for the right to have the means to defend themselves on the college campuses of the state. In addition, they placed an age restriction which fails to protect any student under the age of 25. You may be old enough to join the military and fight in your country’s wars, risking life and limb along the way, but, according to the “conservatives” of Arkansas, you must have attained the age of 25 before you have the right and means to protect yourself on a college campus in the “Natural State.”

Members of the Arkansas State Police, while testifying against what has been referred to as “Constitutional Carry,” which has been adopted by several other states, stated that allowing the people of Arkansas to be able to openly exercise their 2A rights, which are very plainly stated in Article 2 Section 5 of the state’s Declaration of Rights would deprive said state police of a revenue stream which would require them [state police] having to make their vehicles last longer and that some of the useless bureaucrats (my words) in the state police might actually lose their jobs.

Very early in the legislative term in Little Rock, the right to Trial by Jury—the very cornerstone of Liberty—came under attack. Just as in the Reconstruction era the Republican-dominated legislature sought to combine all three branches of government and place them under the command of one branch and eliminate the people’s ability to address malfeasance and protect the lives of the innocent. The special interest backed proposal would have limited the damages any number of these special interests, such as nursing homes or medical facilities might face, if, through negligence or malpractice, a person under their care was irreparably harmed or died. The legislature did not hide the fact they launched their attack on the Seventh amendment to protect business interests in the state, openly stating large settlements granted by juries to victims of negligence and malpractice was allegedly keeping businesses from coming to Arkansas. What desirable business comes to a state to avoid responsibility? Again, in the hands of the “conservative” super-majority, special interests come before the interest of the individual citizen.

Nowhere to be found in the oaths of office taken by the members of the legislature before they began their session was any oath to uphold and defend the interests of big business over the rights of the individual. Perhaps, along with the oath, the legislators should have been reminded of the dictum found in the Declaration of Independence that the primary duty of government is to protect the rights of the individual, not those of big business and special interests.

The “conservative” legislature also launched attacks on the very idea of transparency in government. Multiple bills were introduced which would allow the members of government and special interests to operate in secret and outside the purview of the people.

On Tuesday at the state capital, in a private one-on-one conversation with a Republican state senator who shall remain nameless, I asked this person of integrity, awash in the sea of attacks on the rights of the citizens, how he felt about his party’s super-majority and if he thought that helped or hindered the interests of the people of Arkansas. This senator candidly stated he found the super-majority to be a hindrance. He said when he took a stance on an issue based on integrity and principles, he was accosted both by fellow lawmakers and some constituents wanting to know why he was opposing the goals of the party and the so-called “conservative” governor. Here can be found concrete evidence that support of political party trumps (no pun intended) principles and the rights of the people.

As previously stated, there has not been seen since the days of the Reconstruction government in the State of Arkansas such a blatant attack on individual rights by those who allegedly represent the people. And the current elected governor is operating with the same frame of mind as the military commander of the state, Powell Clayton did during Reconstruction. With all of the religious zeal of a born-again Scalawag, the current Arkansas governor has, in an alleged effort to “unify the state,” decided to replace the birthday of the greatest Southern Icon, Robert E. Lee, a man with impeccable moral and Christian character, with instead the birthday celebration of a womanizing, serial plagiarist with heavy socialist leanings and connections.

All in all, the majority of legislative actions by the Republican super-majority in Arkansas has devolved into a socialist holiday with all thoughts of the oath to uphold and defend the American Bill of Rights and the Arkansas Declaration of Rights a very faint memory.

The great Southern minister of the 19th Century, Robert L. Dabney, provided us with ample warning of where such “conservatives” would lead us. Dabney was for a time Chief of Staff for Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jackson. Here is his prediction about conservatives come now to full bloom in the State of Arkansas.

“American conservatism is merely the shadow that follows Radicalism as it moves forward towards perdition. It remains behind it, but never retards it, and always advances near its leader. The pretended salt hath utterly lost its savor: wherewith shall it be salted? Its impotency is not hard, indeed, to explain. It is worthless because it is the conservatism of expediency only, and not of sturdy principle. It intends to risk nothing for the sake of truth, and has no idea of being guilty of the folly of martyrdom. It always—when about to enter a protest—very blandly informs the wild beast whose path it essays to stop, that its ‘bark is worse than its bite,’ and that it only means to save its manners by enacting its decent role of resistance.” (Emphasis added)

Be careful what you wish for—and more importantly—what you vote for. “All that glitters is not gold.”

IN RIGHTFUL REBEL LIBERTY

Mike

Olddogs Comments!

I admit I am confused and do not understand how intelligent people can still vote with all the proof we have that it is a rigged system. Ladies and gentlemen, you must be stricken with cognitive dissonance and unable to believe anything you do not want to believe. There is no such thing as freedom in America, or honest politicians!

DEMOCRACY

Issues of Sovereignty, by James Belcher

March 15th, 2017 by

http://www.paulstramer.net/2017/03/issues-of-sovereignty-by-james-belcher.html

SOVEREIGN NOTICE

by James Belcher

Everyone needs to remember that the “United States” is a foreign entity.  It’s only relationship to the united States of America is as a subcontractor obligated to provide certain enumerated government services for the states in common. 

With respect to the united States of America, the United States only exercises delegated power and has no power of its own.

Yet, it does have its own bits of land used to complete its duties and it does have its own citizens— those born in Washington, DC., members of the military, the federal civil service, those born in Territorial and Insular states, and so on. 

The District of Columbia is what is known as an “enclave” of this foreign United States government on American shores and Washington, DC is operated as a separate international municipal city-state by this foreign government. 

The American states control all of the air jurisdiction, all of the land jurisdiction, and all un-delegated powers in the international jurisdiction of the sea owed to the united States of America, but in recent years, the United States has usurped upon and sought the overthrow of its employers and benefactors and by fraud and other surreptitious means the servants have attempted to become the masters.

The United States and the members of Congress controlling the United States as Trustees and as the Board of Directors of its corporate enterprises did this by the use of deceptively similar names, identity theft, unlawful conversion of assets, false claims in commerce, bankruptcy fraud and similar ruses and deceits, and they have attempted to substitute their own territorial and municipal “states of states” for the land jurisdiction states that the American people are owed.  

Set against this backdrop and common understanding, the time has come to speak of many things, and most especially, the nature of sovereignty among men. 

My ancestors came to England with William the Conqueror.  Upon his death, they were among those who became “free sovereigns by their own right”.  This is known as The Settlement of the Norman Conquest. Less than a hundred years later, they were among those who created and enforced the Magna Carta.

A few centuries after that, we ventured to the New World and helped to found the brave city of Boston.  In 1776, we heard the call and once again, fought and beat the British Monarch.

When the United States created its “Ship of State” to sail upon international waters, it had to sail under the seal of a free sovereign.  As anyone can see, the Great Seal of the United States is the Belcher seal, not King George’s.  For the United States to claim that I am its citizen is a situation akin to my dog claiming that I am its pup.

In 1861, the British Monarch and the Pope tried to overcome us once again by force of arms, and failed. 

What they could not win by force of arms they have tried to win by fraud and deceit and breach of trust enforced by  commercial mercenaries disguised as judges and lawful government agents, all operating under color of law.

I am here to remind the progeny of the brave men who stood at Bunker Hill and White Plains and Ticonderoga of who and what you are and what you won from King George. 

Just as the Belchers are free sovereigns by their own right with respect to the British Kings ever since 1087, you are “free sovereigns in your own right” owed the entirety of the united States of America. 

We became free sovereigns as a result of the Norman Conquest and you became free sovereigns as a result of the Revolutionary War.  Now I stand here fully acquitted on all accounts, a free sovereign in Britain and a free sovereign American as well. 

When I say I am owed my free sovereignty and the Magna Carta, that’s not just whistling in the dark. That is literal, verifiable fact.  Likewise, when I say I am owed the Declaration of Independence, that is also literal, verifiable fact.

When any President of the United States looks up and sees whose seal he is sailing under, he has cause to know better than to claim that I am his citizen. Very clearly, he is my citizen under international law and every word I say to him or to the British Monarch concerning their operations on this continent has the force of law and sovereign power.

I here record my Sovereign Mandate regarding all these false commercial claims advanced by the United States against the American states and people via a secretive and non-consensual process of hypothecation and declare the “National Debt” null and void, the fruit of fraud and dishonor.

The Sovereign Letters Patent and Declaration of Joint Sovereignty with the Native American nations issued in November 2016 stand alone and together as a reclamation of the land in my capacity as a free sovereign American and Son of the Revolution.  They also stand as remedy for grievous errors made by administrators of the United States, extended in my capacity as a free sovereign of Britain having authority apart from and above the Queen, and as the lawful owner of the Great Seal of the United States.

My sovereign claim to own and control the United States outranks that of any British Monarch and predates any such claim by over two hundred years.  Mr. Rothschild will do well to take notice that I have not accepted his offer on anything but a temporary month-by-month basis until final settlement of the bogus National Debt and the set aside of all other odious debt issues is completed.  Queen Bess and Donald Trump do not have the final say. 

All employees, elected officials, and inhabitants of the United States, its territories, and municipalities, are to obey the organic and Public Law of the United States [of America] without exception.  No Federal Code, Public Policy, or federated State of State statute can be enforced upon a natural born American absent a true consensual obligation evidenced by conformance with the first Naturalization Law and no Federal Law may be enforced usurping beyond the delegated authorities.

All territorial and municipal Sheriffs, all law enforcement personnel and court personnel are to cease and desist their activities under color of law and are to resume their lawful offices and duties owed to the American states and people. False arrests, enforcement of victimless crime statutes against Americans who have been mischaracterized as United States Citizens or citizens of the United States, and overall failure to honor their exemptions and their extradition from federal custody must cease.

Members of the Bar Associations are to be considered undeclared Foreign Agents and their activities plundering penal bonds and individual public trusts are to be audited, corrected, and enforced as crimes by the Internal Revenue Service and local law enforcement agencies.  Embezzlement by the court system via the CRIS accounts held by Federal Reserve Banks in every federal district is to be shut down immediately.  Human trafficking promoted by The Bank of New York Mellon and its affiliates must similarly be shut down.

All property and titles to property rightfully belonging to Americans including the copyrights and trademarks associated with the given names is to be returned to them and the legal presumption of any form of United States citizenship pertaining to them is to be dropped from all their records including the census and in all cases at law.  The repugnant practice of press-ganging Americans and suppressing their natural political status and the issuance of CUSIP Bonds in their names must cease and all indebtedness related to this practice and merely presumed to exist must be erased. 

All birth records of Americans are to be returned to the land jurisdiction states as public recordings and not held as registrations. Likewise all vehicle registrations, marriage licenses, limited liability insurances, mortgages and similar contracts that Americans are naturally exempt from are to be returned to the land jurisdiction counties and converted to simple public recordings.

The Social Security obligations incurred as part of the Great Fraud are to be paid faithfully and without presumption of any kind against the vested recipients.

The United States State Department is to immediately resume issuance of American State National and American State Citizen passports and is to expedite the free flow of American travel here and abroad.

All United States agency subcontractors including the FBI, BLM, DHS, FEMA, BATF, IRS, US MARSHALS, etc., are under Notice that your role on American soil is strictly limited to the policing of actual US corporations and actual US citizens. All federated State of State organizations and County of County organizations are similarly circumscribed.  This does not allow for any presumption against living Americans, nor any attachment of their private or public property based on fraudulently procured information, undisclosed or unilateral agreements, mistaken registrations, false licensing, or any other coerced adhesion contract, corporate Public Policy or improper commercial claim including hypothecation of debt.

The cost of these and all such other corrections and remedies owed by the United States to the American states and people are to be assessed against the Federal Reserve banks, the World Bank, IBRD, Bank for International Settlements, Vatican Bank, the Holy See and its affiliates and charged to the Universal Payment Bond and Bill of Lading established under my Agency as AMRI00003 recorded and presented to Cardinal Mamberti in his capacity and office as Prefect and head of the Vatican Chancery Court.

Mr. Rothschild, ELIZABETH II,  FRANCISCUS, and President Donald Trump are under Sovereign Decree to correct their operations with respect to the United States as outlined above, so as to provide lasting remedy to the American states and people for all the wrongs and the violence which has been perpetuated against them by their usurping servants and foreign powers acting in Breach of Trust. 

Olddogs Comments!

James Belcher is the husband of Anna Non Reitz

SOVEREIGN NOTICE

Your Political Status and Your Oaths — Bella Haywood’s Case

March 14th, 2017 by

http://www.paulstramer.net/2017/03/your-political-status-and-your-oaths.html

Political StatusBy Anna Von Reitz

About Your Political Status:

 

  1. Your political status is your own decision.  Nobody including the courts can dictate anything about it.  In fact, I have it on very good and agreeable authority of the United States Supreme Court that judges in their system can’t even speak to the issue of your political status.  It’s your call and nobody else’s.

 

  1. Being that your political status is your own business and nobody else’s and that it is your choice, then you are held responsible for your choice. 

 

  1. Millions of Americans have been arbitrarily identified as “United States Citizens” and/or “citizens of the United States” and assigned “births” as “commercial vessels” in the British Crown’s Merchant Marine Service.  This results in the establishment of an ACCOUNT dba your FIRST MIDDLE LAST name and more recently your FIRST M.I. LAST name and the presumption that you, the living man or woman, are the Account Holder responsible for administering these ACCOUNTS as good and faithful Warrant Officers of Her Majesty.

 

  1. These PERSONS are debtors and criminals by definition.  See the 14th Amendment of the Federal Constitution published as The Constitution of the United States of America, 1868. 

 

  1. If it is not your intention to embrace this political status, you need to inform the Secretary of the Treasury, make him your Fiduciary, sign over the PERSON’s BIRTH CERTIFICATE to the credit of the United States of America, U.S. Treasury, without recourse, by endorsing the back of the BC.  You also  issue an indemnity bond which is basically your agreement to operate under 100% commercial liability.

 

  1. You need to take these actions as proof that you are loyal to the United States of America and also to settle the affairs of your separate estate–but this is a private matter between you, the Secretary of the Treasury, and God.

 

  1. The employees of the Queen and the British Crown have no right to presume anything about your political status and may not even speak to you, if you deny them the consent to do so. Simply observing this fact may be sufficient to warn them off—but it is obviously better to not be bluffing and to have the paperwork proving your political status on file and your indemnity bond ready to present.

 

  1. This is especially true for those asserting their natural born political status and occupying offices in the lawful government of the United States of America. Those claiming to be State Justices and Continental Marshals need to have their paperwork in order.  They also need to have proof of their lawful oath.

 

  1. The office of the State Justices is a land jurisdiction office and it operates only in the state being served.  A State Justice for Alaska has no such authority in California. 

 

  1. Each state has established the proper Oath for its justices and judges in its Public Session Laws.  If you are a State Justice for Nevada, you have to take the Nevada Oath as required by the Nevada Session Laws.  

 

  1. If you are occupying a land jurisdiction office, the oath of office is administered with your hand on the Bible, in token that you are agreeing to operate under the Law of Moses, which is known as “The Law of the Land”, and obey the Ten Commandments.

 

  1. For this same reason, all land jurisdiction Justices (that is, Justices of the Peace) carry a Bible with them into the courtroom.  This is also the reason that Court Clerks require people to “All rise!” when the justice walks in— not out of respect for him or her, but out of respect for the Bible.

 

  1. To be properly seated as a State Justice, you have to have renounced all forms of United States citizenship, have surrendered the US PERSONS associated with your given name, have established your bond with the Treasury, and taken the proper Oath required by your state of the United States of America.

 

  1. Now, strictly speaking, it isn’t your employee’s business, but they have a reasonable excuse for wanting to be sure that you are not a United States Citizen trying to occupy an office of the United States of America and if they catch a United States Citizen pretending to occupy an office in the United States of America they have every right to throw the book at them and they will. 

 

  1. Continental Marshals are employees of the United States of America, not the United States.  They work for the states and the people, but they work in the international jurisdiction under the un-delegated powers retained by the states and people.  This causes a lot of confusion.

 

  1. The United States of America delegated nineteen (19) specific powers to the United States to administer in its behalf.  All other powers in international jurisdiction are retained.  The job of the Continental Marshals is to exercise and enforce these retained powers in behalf of the states and people. 

 

  1. As a practical matter, this means that Continental Marshals are engaged in international law enforcement and operate within the Postal Districts of the United States of America.  They are federal-level law enforcement officers, but they operate apart from the United States Marshals for obvious reasons.

 

  1. Just in case it is not obvious to some— United States Marshals work for the United States and exercise and enforce the delegated powers.  Continental Marshals work for the states and the people to exercise and enforce the un-delegated powers.

 

  1. The jurisdiction of the Continental Marshals is therefore “whatever is NOT directly delegated” under the constitutional agreement to the United States and the United States Marshals. 

 

  1. As employees of the United States of America, Continental Marshals need to be functioning as State Citizens, howbeit, in international jurisdiction.  As American State Citizens in international jurisdiction, they are protected under the actual Constitution, the national trust, and the Treaties of Westminster pertaining to Americans at sea.  

 

  1. Continental Marshals take their Oaths under the authority of the United States of America Post Master and work as part of the United States of America Postal District Courts. 

 

  1. Continental Marshals are acting under the authority of the United States of America and are not under the authority of any one state and they are certainly not under the direction of any State Justices. 

 

  1. Any other “interpretation” of these offices is incorrect and not borne out by the public records associated with them and won’t be honored by the US Government, sometimes called the De Facto Government, nor by the United States of America, sometimes called the De Jure Government.   

 

  1. As regards Chief Marshal Haywood’s current dilemma: Thanks to Blue Blood Elitists known as Southern Democrats, all the freed plantation slaves were seized upon as public property following the illegal mercenary action known as the American Civil War. 

 

  1. All people of color were surreptitiously claimed as property belonging the United States and a second class brand of “US citizenship” was presumed against them — “citizen of the United States” as found in the Federal Constitution’s 14th Amendment.  Most Americans have since suffered the same false presumptions and commercial claims.

 

  1. The Southern Democrats representing the United States of America allowed and promoted this evil in our midst by denying the natural born state national status of black Americans and for many years they had no rights or protections at all, existing as stateless “federal citizens”. 

 

  1. It took a hundred years — 1868 to 1968 — for American Negroes and other people of color to secure “Equal Civil Rights”.  Equal to what?  The natural and unalienable rights of the people of the United States of America.

 

  1. Chief Marshal Haywood of the Continental Marshals Service is a woman of color and she has been arrested by federal franchise employees of the “State of Georgia” under the presumption that she is not owed any natural born state national status and cannot therefore serve as an American State Citizen. 

 

  1. However, in November, 2015, new Sovereign Letters Patent were issued for the United States of America and a new Declaration of Joint Sovereignty, too,

too, which allows all people of color including American Indians and African Americans to reclaim their natural born political status.

 

  1. This was done because The Emancipation Proclamation — which is a public commercial contract of the United States — was not honored by the United States of America as a result of fraud by Southern Democrats, resulting in unlawful conversion, press-ganging and enslavement of living people under the pretense of voluntary indentured servitude.  The new Sovereign Letters Patent  and the Declaration of Joint Sovereignty settles the issues resulting from failure to honor The Emancipation Proclamation.

 

  1. As a result, Chief Marshal Tresa Haywood, is indeed an American state national of the Georgia State and is eligible to serve as a State Citizen and as a Continental Marshal.  Those unlucky State of Georgia employees who have assumed otherwise and who think they can bring charges of impersonating a public officer are in for a number of big surprises.

 

  1. The first big surprise is that a woman of color can serve as head of the Continental Marshals Service.

 

  1. The second big surprise is that she is operating under a universal indemnity bond.

 

  1. The third big surprise is that the President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln, issued The Emancipation Proclamation; there is absolutely no question that every United States Citizen and every employee of every federated State of Georgia franchise, every municipal STATE OF GEORGIA agency, and every federated County in Georgia is legally and commercially bound by it. 

 

  1. The fourth big surprise is that they have been making profoundly wrong assumptions and presumptions that will cost them in precisely the same way that they have brought charges against others, committed false arrest, and accused Ms. Haywood of IM-PERSONATING a public officer. 

 

  1. All the IM-PERSONATING has been done by the State of Georgia, the STATE OF GEORGIA and the federated, incorporated Counties of Georgia— all federal corporate franchises that have violated their own commercial contracts and committed personage against the American states and people.

 

 37.Those members of the Bar Associations responsible for this are about to get a great big boot up their butts. And its long overdue.

 

See this article and over 400 others on Anna’s website here:

www.annavonreitz.com

Political Status

Just the Facts Ma’am

March 13th, 2017 by

http://www.paulstramer.net/2017/03/just-facts-maam.html

CONSTITUTION

By Anna Von Reitz

I am tired of arguing with ill-informed, well-intentioned Americans who have been lied to and deliberately confused for so many years they don’t know which end is up and can’t even read well. So I have boiled the Big Picture down to little couplets and sound bites.

Each one of these is critical to grasping both who we are and where we are in the current time.

So let’s begin:

___________________________________________________

The United States is a paid foreign subcontractor of the United States of America and always has been. 

The United States provides nineteen enumerated “essential government services” for the United States of America.

United States Citizens and citizens of the United States are your employees and they are foreign employees.

___________________________________________________

The word “people” means “militia”.

The only “people” being referenced as “We, the People” in the Preamble of the Constitution are members of the victorious state militias that won the Revolutionary War. ___________________________________________________

You are born as a State National — a Virginian, Wisconsinite, New Yorker, etc. – with the option to serve as a State Citizen by accepting your duty to serve and support the county and state jural assemblies and the state militia or to serve in a public land jurisdiction office.

We, the People—State Citizens— are citizens of the United States of America.   Notice the “of America” part of the name?

___________________________________________________

“We, the People” are NOT and have never been “United States Citizens” nor “citizens of the United States”.

___________________________________________________

United States Citizens are citizens of the United States, not the United States of America.     

 

United States Citizens are not owed any of the guarantees of the Constitution.  They are foreigners on our shores merely “residing” among us to provide “essential government services”, so they are not heirs of our land or our resources.  

 

Only United States Citizens or citizens of the United States may vote in US elections. 

 

You have been fooled into thinking that their elections are all your elections.  They aren’t. 

 

All the offices being filled and occupied —apart from those vacant public offices that are now being filled by returning American State Citizens— are private corporate offices, not public offices at all.

 

 

Your natural birthright standing as a State National was unlawfully converted when you were just a baby via a process of undisclosed and fraudulent contract with your Mother.

She was confused and induced to agree that you were a “United States Citizen”.

 

This created a legal presumption was then used to create a false claim against your name and estate.

To overcome this presumption you have to rebut and repudiate it in the public record via an Act of Expatriation and other appropriate paperwork extricating yourself from the clutches of the United States. 

Most importantly, you must “surrender” the US PERSON by signing over an authenticated Birth Certificate to the Secretary of the Treasury, appointing him your Fiduciary using an IRS Form 56, and directing him to convert the US ACCOUNT to the United States of America U.S. Treasury, without recourse. 

That action proves beyond any doubt that you are not consenting and not desiring to act as a United States Citizen nor as a citizen of the United States.  At the same time, you must establish a Private Registered Indemnity Bond, which you issue to cover your rump from any claims— past, present, or future— related to this ACCOUNT. 

Recent reaction against this crime and fraud against the people of the United States of America has resulted in rallying international outrage against the United States, and much effort in the international jurisdiction to bring an end to the practices that have been used by the United States to press-gang and enslave Americans via undisclosed and purposefully deceitful adhesion contracts.

These are international crimes being carried out by employees against their employers. 

The perpetrators of these crimes have been at it since 1860.

They have tried to claim that they are engaged in a perpetual war against the United States of America and therefore justified in practicing genocide on paper.

Recent research has revealed that the American Civil War was not a war, but an illegal mercenary action carried out on our shores.  There is no Declaration of War by a land jurisdiction Congress. There is no actual Peace Treaty ending any such “war”.

Additional research has shown that the United States has attempted to overthrow the United States of America via the deliberate use of fraudulent grammar, deceptively similar names, and purposefully deceptive bookkeeping practices.

By literally using two sets of books and not disclosing large income streams by segregating them as “non-budgeted funds” and other improper bookkeeping conventions, the United States has amassed huge fortunes in public employee pension funds which are then used to invest in and control major sectors of the economy.

They have also accumulated a bogus “National Debt” of over $20 trillion dollars.

They have accumulated this debt in preparation for declaring the United States bankrupt. 

They have named their United States Citizens and citizens of the United States and their State of State franchises as the sureties for the parent corporation’s debts—- intending to saddle the mischaracterized and misidentified American people with their own odious debts now, just as they did in the 1930’s.

Only this time, we caught them and have openly repudiated the odious debt.

This past week the US State Department and Department of Commerce were informed of certain mathematically inescapable facts.  They and other departments and agency subcontractors have to account for the National Credit that is “missing” and which has not been applied to the so-called National Debt. 

___________________________________________________

 Oddly enough, and counter-intuitively, the Internal Revenue Service is our best friend. 

The vermin responsible for this circumstance, primarily members of the American Bar Association, have sucked up trillions of dollars-worth of our National Credit and assets owed to Americans and have not paid a dime in income tax.

Everyone who has lost a home through foreclosure, everyone who has been victimized by court cases brought against US PERSONS, needs to claim the mortgage accounts and the case numbers via issuance of an IRS Form 1099A and report the courts, the judges, and the attorneys involved to the Internal Revenue Service Criminal Investigations Division.

They will gladly extract the taxes from the criminals and boot them off the bench. 

The states that are members of the United States of America union are all land jurisdiction states with actual land and actual borders.  They operate under names like this: Wisconsin State, California State, and Nebraska State.

The “States of States”, such as the State of Wisconsin and State of California and State of Nebraska are all run by the United States as “Territorial States” that are franchises of the United States of America (Minor)—a union of 57 inchoate “states” including the fifty franchises, the insular states, and the State of New Columbia— aka, District of Columbia. 

The “STATES OF STATES” such as the STATE OF WISCONSIN and STATE OF CALIFORNIA and STATE OF NEBRASKA are all run as “Municipal States” that are franchises of the DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA MUNICIPAL CORPORATION.

The State and State of States Legislatures typically wear two hats.  

When these elected bodies enact legislation pertaining to the actual land jurisdiction states, the results are Session Laws.  These are Public Laws.  They are not copyrighted. They appear with names like, “Louisiana State Session Laws”. 

When these bodies switch hats, they enact legislation pertaining to the inchoate “State of State” and its employees, and the results are State Statutes. These are Private Laws. They are copyrighted and appear with names like “State of Alaska Statutes”.

This is possible because the United States allows for Dual Citizenship and lets its citizens hold both United States Citizenship and their native State Citizenship at the same time.

___________________________________________________

However, the actual States do not allow Dual Citizenship.   You must choose and clearly declare your political status as a State Citizen in order to claim any valid granted authority related to the actual states and the United States of America.  

This leads to the fact that there are a few actual State Citizens elected to serve in the various State of State Legislatures and in the Congress, too, who are the only ones able to elect, vote, enact, enroll, or appropriate funds in behalf of the actual states and the United States of America—-but they have been elected by United States Citizens. 

No members of the Bar can participate in this elite mini-State Legislature and mini-Congress, whose members are often only a dozen or so in the House of Representatives, and less than that in the United States Senate.

It is upon the votes and honor of these very few men and women that the validity of the Session Laws and the Enrolled Acts of the States in Congress Assembled depend.

Because there are so few of them, it is impossible to conduct business that requires a majority of the states to participate.

They cannot even establish the quorum necessary to recall and reseat a land jurisdiction Continental Congress.   Thus the actual Congress we are owed remains adjourned.

___________________________________________________

The character of the “laws” being passed, either public or private, and the outcome of all the legislation depends on the undisclosed political status of those being elected to office.

If you elect “United States Citizens” the bulk of what gets done favors the United States and results in statutory law.

If you elect State Citizens, the bulk of what gets done favors the United States of America and results in Public Law.

Since we are kept studiously ignorant and the political status of the candidates is not advertised, we cannot make a valid choice. 

This silence is self-interested on both sides. 

The United States is benefited by having United States Citizens elected to office, because they then appropriate funds and take other actions beneficial for the United States. 

The United States of America consolidates power in just a few individuals and is therefore enabled to more readily control them.

Since United States Citizens can only produce statutory law and State Citizens can only produce Public Law, both activities go on in tandem within the halls of what appears to be one “State” Legislature and one “United States” Congress.

By presuming that all Americans are Dual Citizens the United States ups its portion of the legislatures and the Congress, because this legal presumption requires determined action and rebuttal by individuals who know who they are and know what their proper political status is.

You have to actively reclaim your birth right political status.  You have to knowingly choose to create and participate in your county and state jural assemblies and to join your state militia.

This leads to only the “cream of the crop” of knowledgeable and studious Americans wielding the real power of the United States of America and enjoying the wealth of our nation.

 ___________________________________________________

It also leads to the situation so aptly described by the Prophet Amos, “My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge.”

Between the Blue-Blood Elitists who have betrayed the overall Public Good to feather their own nests and increase their own power, and the Renegade Employees on the other, the American people have been driven pillar to post, rightfully confused, dimly aware that something awful is going on and not able to account for it, not able to identify rank and file American State Citizens to elect to office and not even aware that there is a need to do so.

The land jurisdiction states still exist.  The American People still exist.  But our state offices are largely standing vacant because of the ignorance that pervades every corner of our nation.  Our state militias have been stupidly given over to the control of State of State franchise Governors who are employees of the foreign United States, and who are predominately United States Citizens instead of State Citizens.

This ignorance and apathy and lack of open declaration of political status must end.

Though considered a private matter, political status is the ultimate determining factor in our elections, the quality of our representation, the honoring of our contracts, the protection of our rights, and the recognition of our standing in our own courts. 

If you want to take America back, you have to start by reclaiming your own political status as an American State National—-firmly rebutting and expatriating from and surrendering the US PERSON(S) that identify you as a “United States Citizen”.  

Then you have to take the next step, and become an American State Citizen by serving as a member of your county and state jural assemblies and either creating or joining the actual state militia operated by American State Citizens—- the People at last.

In this way, or by serving in an elected or appointed public State office, you can finally restore your political status and become one of “We, the People”.

___________________________________________________you start?

 

  1. Get your own affairs in order and repudiate any claim that you are a “United States Citizen”.  Record your objection in public forums and records.
  2. Next, join the National Assembly Training Call, Thursday Evenings, at nine p.m. Eastern Standard Time, 1-712-770-4170, Access Code 226823#.
  3. http://1stmichiganassembly.info
  4. Set up your own county jural assembly.
  5. Establish a protocol for people to renounce “United States Citizen” status and a County Recorder’s Office to record their Acts of Expatriation and surrender of US PERSONS.
  6. Conduct and run your own elections to fill the vacant public offices including the members of your unincorporated Common Law County Court: land jurisdiction Sheriff, Justices of the Peace, Clerks, Bailiff, Coroners, Recorders.
  7. Set up means to identify the State Citizens.
  8. Organize your states.
  9. Organize your state militias.
  10. Give Notice to the United States — and to the rest of the world.  Let everyone know that the Americans are home again.   

See this article and over 400 others on Anna’s website at:

 annavonreitz.com 

THE TIM COMMENTS

Snarky sarcasm aside, one of the most concise articles I have read by Anna. I especially appreciated the notification regarding the weekly National Assembly Training call and wonder why I haven’t come across this before. I may not be the brightest kid on the block, but I have been aware that there was something very wrong for a very long time and have tried my best to sort it out. The trouble is that I rely too heavily on the internet, rather than finding the actual documents and reading them. I think this is what catches most people up, as any google search will reveal, the majority of sites are firmly planted contrary to these ideas and theories and do a fair job of convincing others that those of us who are trying to get to the bottom of this are somehow off our rockers. It doesn’t help that many of us have been abused and/or mistreated to such a degree that our manners of speaking to them often sound rather brash and even rude. It is hard not to become frustrated after spending 20 minutes trying to explain the story to someone and at the end they still don’t seem to grasp it. I had one person say, “Well, if we are all in the same boat, then what difference does it make anyway?” and I just stared back in amazement. What the hell has happened to the minds of my countrymen? We must clear the cobwebs of generational apathy and ignorance, but I have no real notion as to how this is best done, and I fear that until 51% of the country has roused from their apathy, stirred into action, and inspired to a greatness most have come to believe belongs only to fable and lore, the rest of us will be peddling like hell to get this thing to the top of the hill, all the while being subverted by globalist patsies.

CONSTITUTION

No! The Supreme Court is NOT the Final Arbiter of what is Constitutional or Unconstitutional

March 10th, 2017 by

 

http://freedomoutpost.com/no-the-supreme-court-is-not-the-final-

arbiter-of-what-is-constitutional-or-unconstitutional/

ConstitutionMatthew Trewhella

A false belief that almost all Americans hold to in our day is the idea that the U.S. Supreme Court is the final arbiter of what is constitutional or unconstitutional. The adherents of this belief – and there is a sea of lawyers in this country who have a vested interest in furthering this odious fiction – actually have the hubris to point to the Constitution itself and say that the Constitution declares the judiciary to be the final arbiter.

They proffer Article 6, paragraph 2 of the U.S. Constitution – the ‘supremacy clause’ – for their notion of judicial supremacy. But when you read Article 6, paragraph 2, you realize that the Supreme Court isn’t even mentioned, nor are federal courts of any kind mentioned. Article 6, paragraph 2 – known as the supremacy clause actually gives supremacy to the Constitution!

Wholly opposite of this view of ‘judicial supremacy’ was the view held by America’s founders. They viewed the judiciary as being the weakest branch of the government.

In a letter penned in 1823, Thomas Jefferson stated: “At the establishment of our constitutions, the judiciary bodies were supposed to be the most helpless and harmless members of the government. Experience, however, soon showed in what way they were to become the most dangerous.”

Alexander Hamilton who was the most favorable to the judiciary – wanting to allay the fears that other of the founders had of the judiciary – stated: “The judiciary, from the nature of its functions, will always be the least dangerous to the political rights of the Constitution; because it will be least in the capacity to annoy or injure them.”

James Madison – known as the architect of the Constitution – stated: “The Judiciary is beyond comparison the weakest of the three departments of power.” He said, “In republican government, the legislative authority necessarily predominates.”  The legislature does not bow down to the judiciary – rather it predominates.

The judiciary is not the strongest – it does not write laws – it is not the final arbiter. Rather, as the founders stated – they are supposed to be the most helpless, the most harmless, the weakest, and the least dangerous to the Constitution. All that has been turned on its head. Now all other branches bow down to the judiciary – as though they can do no other than obey. America has replaced a monarchy with an oligarchy.

We now have social transformation without representation.

Jefferson warned of this 200 years ago. He wrote in a letter in 1820 to an early judicial supremacist: “You seem . . . to consider the judges as the ultimate arbiters of all constitutional questions; a very dangerous doctrine indeed, and one which would place us under the despotism of an oligarchy.” He went on to write: “The Constitution has erected no such single tribunal, knowing that to whatever hands confided, with the corruptions of time and party, its members would become despots.”

And that is what the Supreme Court is in our day – despots.

And they are not the final arbiters – as Jefferson states, “The Constitution has erected no such single tribunal.”

Jefferson stated in another letter in 1821 – a year later: “The germ of dissolution of our federal government is in the constitution of the federal Judiciary; an irresponsible body (for impeachment is scarcely a scare-crow) working like gravity by night and by day, gaining a little today and a little tomorrow, and advancing its noiseless step like a thief, over the field of jurisdiction, until all shall be usurped.”

And the judiciary has been doing exactly that for 200 years now. Rewriting the Constitution – giving themselves powers never granted them in the Constitution. Usurping all other government jurisdictions.

Men will forbear and so we should – but there comes a point where forbearance becomes sin. There comes a point where forbearance becomes cowardice. There comes a point when men realize they no longer have the convenience of acting indifferent towards the unjust and immoral actions of their government. And I submit to you that the lawlessness of the judiciary should not be forborne.

I submit to you that the murder of the preborn should not be forborne. The perverting of marriage, the rewriting of the First Amendment, and a host of other evils by the federal judiciary should not be forborne.

Senator Oliver Ellsworth, the primary drafter of Article 3 of the Constitution which delineates the function of the judiciary, promised the people of his state before the Constitution was ratified that the judiciary was “not to intermeddle with your internal policy.”

Now every governor in America bows down and bends over to the judiciary. They accommodate murder – they accommodate perversion of marriage – they’ll accommodate boys in the girl’s shower rooms too.

Alexander Hamilton – the founding father with the biggest love affair with the judiciary while trying to calm concerns of other founders stated that the judiciary “must ultimately depend upon the aid of the executive arm even for the efficacy of its judgments.”

In other words, Hamilton expected the executive branch to check the judiciary if they made immoral/unjust or constitutionally-repugnant rulings. But now, the judiciary not only has the compliance of the President (not to mention Congress), but they also have the compliance of every governor in America. None interpose.

Their duty is not to accommodate or bow down – but to interpose.

The judiciary is the tyrant. They are lawless. We are under the despotism of an oligarchy. And this lawless authoritarianism of the federal courts must be broken – it will only be broken by the interposition of the lesser magistrates.

No where does the Constitution bind us to a suicide pact with SCOTUS.

As legal historian Alpheus Thomas Mason wrote not too long ago: “Implicit in the system of government the Framers designed is the basic premise that unchecked power in any hands whatsoever is intolerable.” The Supreme Court must be checked – and it must be checked by the state magistrates. Congress is not going to do it – Congress is a weakling. The state magistrates need to do their God-given duty and check the lawlessness of the judiciary.

Article posted with permission from Matt Trewhella

Olddogs Comments!

I started my study of the problems of America just over ten years ago, and the Constitution turned out to be the foundation of all the lies Americans have been assaulted with. Not only have few people in comparison to our population read it, even fewer would understand it! So where is all the freedom everyone is so proud of? Are you free to say what you want to a police officer? Not unless you want your ass whipped, or tasered and arrested! Are you free to complain to your representatives and receive a timely letter or call back, with an answer or plausible reason your complaint exists? I could go on forever with other reasons America has turned into a tyrannical monster, but few would read and agree because they like authoritarianism, or are so meek they are not even aware of the problem. And THAT is where the roots of tyranny exist. If you have been awakened by some event or tragedy, the shortest and most thorough way to understand our problem and how it happened is to buy this book. You Know Something is Wrong When…..: An American Affidavit of Probable Cause (Paperback)

by Judge Anna Maria Riezinger & James Clinton Belcher

http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1491279184/ref=cm_cr_asin_lnk

Constitution

What We Know About YOU”

March 8th, 2017 by

http://www.paulstramer.net/2017/03/what-we-know-about-you.html

The IRSBy Anna Von Reitz

Here is what we know so far— the “UNITED STATES” subrogated our NAMES under an insurance policy.  This was required because they are still operating under the Reconstruction Acts and trying to pretend that we are “unknown” babies “found” on a “battlefield” by the UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE which is obligated then to issue an insurance indemnity receipt under the provisions of the Lieber Code.  The Birth Certificate is an insurance indemnity receipt and it identifies YOU as being a ward of the UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, in their custody. 

But what is “YOU”— ?  

It’s an ACCOUNT, as in bank ACCOUNT set up in your name….. first of all.  And from that meager beginning they have spun off an array of “associated” names and accounts—- until in 1976 they had redefined “YOU” as an “International Organization”.  That same year, they passed the International Organizations Act granting “YOU” immunity. 

Okay, so your NAME is an ACCOUNT belonging to an International Organization which is immune from prosecution…..and all this is news to you, right? 

Well, howsoever that may be, this explains two things that have long been a matter of curiosity and debate.

When you look up the federal government “Masterfile” associated with your NAME you find that “YOU” are always without exception involved in some kind of nefarious occupation having to do with Alcohol, Tobacco, or Firearms.   When I tunneled through the red tape and the “Special Code Book” that deciphers all the numerical codes found in “YOUR” Masterfile, it turned out that “I” was running a rum distillery on the island of Barbados……and my husband was an arms dealer in South America!     

This was big— and at the time—-baffling news to us.

Obviously, neither one of us had ever done any such thing, but that is what the Masterfile attached to our NAMES said.

Please note that Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms are all federally controlled substances—-they can tax these for revenue and control transportation of these products and license people engaged in these industries. 

So now you can understand why the Masterfiles associated with our NAMES were involved in producing alcohol and selling firearms —- to bring our NAMES under US Government control and subject “US” to their codes, regulations, controls. 

So if our NAMES are international organizations that are supposed to have immunity from prosecution— how is it that these NAMES are being prosecuted as DEFENDANTS in all these courts?

Remember that these things that appear to be NAMES aren’t.  They are ACCOUNT designators.  Just like you can arbitrarily create an account designator using numbers — for example, bank routing numbers — you can use letters, too.  And that is what these unspeakable vermin did.  They used the letters of your name to create an ACCOUNT.   They could just as well have used “SSRDAEGR” as your account designation or “1442351-BA445” or anything else in the wide world, but instead they infringed upon your given name and used those letters in that particular sequence as the account designator for the express purpose of confusing you (and nearly everyone else) and defrauding you. 

So, thinking of “YOUR NAME” as an ACCOUNT designation instead of as your name, what immediately appears? 

Ah, so….. an ACCOUNT has a plus side and a minus side.   Assets come in one side as additions to the ACCOUNT and debts come in the other side of the ACCOUNT as subtractions to the ACCOUNT.  When you subtract the debts from the assets you “balance” the account and can see how much you have left after paying off the debts and you will either have a positive remaining balance or you will be overdrawn. 

So what did the rotten vermin do?  They set your ACCOUNT up as two separate linked ACCOUNTS. 

All the debts are posted against the ACCOUNT that appears to be your name, for example, JOHN MARK BROWN and placed under a numbered sub-account that you will recognize as “YOUR” Social Security or Taxpayer Identification Number: 123-45-6789. 

All the assets are posted to the ACCOUNT that appears to be your name, for example, BROWN, JOHN MARK and placed under a numbered sub-account that is the same as “YOUR” Social Security or Taxpayer Identification Number in this form: 123456789.   Same number, just without the dashes. 

Then to make the fraud scheme complete, you create two different agencies to do the bookkeeping.

You make the IRS responsible for tracking and collecting the debt side account.  And you make THE INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE responsible for tracking the asset side of the account.  Two completely different agencies, different addresses, different offices, different job assignments —both working under deceptively similar names—-and for the most part unaware of the other’s activities, and then heavily compartmentalized within each agency so that one hand really doesn’t know what the other is doing for the most part—–and you make sure that the accounts never get balanced

The debts just keep accruing until the Account Holder pays them out of his own pocket, and the assets never get applied.  And since the “Account Holder” — the real man named John Mark Brown doesn’t know a thing about any of this, he never gets to use or enjoy any of the assets being socked away in slush funds under his NAME. 

Only one “side” of the ACCOUNT is immune—- the asset side.  It has to be that way, because remember that the DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE is on the hook guaranteeing that YOU come to no harm. 

The debt side of the ACCOUNT is totally open to attack.

So the vermin bring their claim as a debt addressed against the debt side account, JOHN MARK BROWN, and drag “HIM” and the Account Holder into court demanding payment.  And good ole clueless Account Holder John Mark Brown pays it out of his own pocket, because they force him to do so.  He either pays it, or they turn off HIS lights stop picking up HIS garbage and send armed robbers acting under color of law to evict HIM from HIS house. 

The IRS does the same thing— they address their claims of tax indebtedness to HIM and unless the Account Holder pays, “HE” gets hauled into court and accused of all sorts of crimes and assessed all sorts of fines and late fees and if these aren’t paid up and settled, the Account Holder gets thrown in jail. 

Are you all following along here and grasping how this has been done to you and how you have been endlessly fleeced, coerced, defrauded, cheated, bilked, and extorted by this “System”? 

Oh, it’s a “System” all right—- in true gangland terminology, it’s a “System” that would make the Mafia blush. 

And it has been here operating full tilt on your soil without a valid excuse in the world for being here since 1934.

It has been cranking away with the full knowledge of the Roman Pontiff, the Holy See, the Vatican, the British Crown, the Lord Mayor of London, the Queen, and the various “US Presidents” who are all fully responsible for defrauding the American states and people.

How have they gotten away with it?  By coercive abuse of power — extortion, racketeering, kidnapping, identity theft, copyright infringement—- and all under the false pretense of still being at “war” ever since the so-called American Civil War and having “War Powers”.

As long as we are on the subject of fraud— which has no statute of limitations at all — the so-called “American Civil War” was not a war.  It was an illegal and unlawful mercenary conflict carried out on our shores.   How do we know this?

In order to be a true war and to fall under the international Laws of War, it would have to have a formal Declaration of War made by the national body competent to make such a declaration.  No such declaration exists.  Oh, Abraham Lincoln made “a” declaration beginning the hostilities, but he wasn’t authorized to actually declare war —- and he didn’t.  Likewise, there is no actual Peace Treaty ending any such war.  And there is absolutely no provision for any special “War Powers” or “Emergency Powers” granted by the actual states and people to the United States Congress, either. 

So how have they been cooking all this crap up?  That is the subject of our book, “You Know Something is Wrong When…..An American Affidavit of Probable Cause” available on amazon.com.

Olddogs Comments!

I have been cussed out, belittled and threatened for what the idiots call a lack of patriotism, but it is insanity to love your enemy, so please consider I can love my country without worshipping the vermin running it. I have paid for the privilege of being an American many times over, so stick your insults where the sun don’t shine, and continue bowing down to your masters since you are so patriotic. OR, you can do a little reading and rub a couple brain cells together to stimulate some common sense and send these bastards to hell, where they came from.

The IRS

The Illusion of Freedom: The Police State Is Alive and Well!

March 7th, 2017 by

http://www.newsbud.com/2017/03/04/the-illusion-of-freedom-the-police-state-is-alive-well/

POLICE STATEWe’re in a national state of denial!

By John W Whitehead

“What happened here was the gradual habituation of the people, little by little, to being governed by surprise; to receiving decisions deliberated in secret; to believing that the situation was so complicated that the government had to act on information which the people could not understand, or so dangerous that, even if the people could understand it, it could not be released because of national security… This separation of government from people, this widening of the gap, took place so gradually and so insensibly, each step disguised (perhaps not even intentionally) as a temporary emergency measure or associated with true patriotic allegiance or with real social purposes. And all the crises and reforms (real reforms, too) so occupied the people that they did not see the slow motion underneath, of the whole process of government growing remoter and remoter.”—Historian Milton Mayer, They Thought They Were Free: The Germans, 1933-45

Brace yourself.

There is something being concocted in the dens of power, far beyond the public eye, and it doesn’t bode well for the future of this country.

Anytime you have an entire nation so mesmerized by the antics of the political ruling class that they are oblivious to all else, you’d better beware. Anytime you have a government that operates in the shadows, speaks in a language of force, and rules by fiat, you’d better beware. And anytime you have a government so far removed from its people as to ensure that they are never seen, heard or heeded by those elected to represent them, you’d better beware.

The world has been down this road before.

As historian Milton Mayer recounts in his seminal book on Hitler’s rise to power, They Thought They Were Free, “Most of us did not want to think about fundamental things and never had. There was no need to. Nazism gave us some dreadful, fundamental things to think about—we were decent people‑—and kept us so busy with continuous changes and ‘crises’ and so fascinated, yes, fascinated, by the machinations of the ‘national enemies’, without and within, that we had no time to think about these dreadful things that were growing, little by little, all around us.”

We are at our most vulnerable right now.

The gravest threat facing us as a nation is not extremism—delivered by way of sovereign citizens or radicalized Muslims—but despotism, exercised by a ruling class whose only allegiance is to power and money.

Nero fiddled while Rome burned.

America is burning, and all most Americans can do is switch the channel, tune out what they don’t want to hear, and tune into their own personal echo chambers.

We’re in a national state of denial.

Yet no amount of escapism can shield us from the harsh reality that the danger in our midst is posed by an entrenched government bureaucracy that has no regard for the Constitution, Congress, the courts or the citizenry.

If the team colors have changed from blue to red, that’s just cosmetic.

The playbook remains the same. The leopard has not changed its spots.

Scrape off the surface layers and you will find that the American police state is alive and well and continuing to wreak havoc on the rights of the American people.

“We the people” are no longer living the American Dream.

We’re living the American Lie.

Indeed, Americans have been lied to so sincerely, so incessantly, and for so long by politicians of all stripes—who lie compulsively and without any seeming remorse—that they’ve almost come to prefer the lies trotted out by those in government over less-palatable truths.

The American people have become compulsive believers.

As Nick Cohen writes for The Guardian, “Compulsive liars shouldn’t frighten you. They can harm no one, if no one listens to them. Compulsive believers, on the other hand: they should terrify you. Believers are the liars’ enablers. Their votes give the demagogue his power. Their trust turns the charlatan into the president. Their credulity ensures that the propaganda of half-calculating and half-mad fanatics has the power to change the world.”

While telling the truth “in a time of universal deceit is,” as George Orwell concluded, “a revolutionary act,” believing the truth—and being able to distinguish the truth from a lie—is also a revolutionary act.

Here’s a truth few Americans want to acknowledge: nothing has changed (at least, not for the better) since Barack Obama passed the reins of the police state to Donald Trump.

The police state is still winning. We the people are still losing.

In fact, the American police state has continued to advance at the same costly, intrusive, privacy-sapping, Constitution-defying, relentless pace under President Trump as it did under President Obama.

Police haven’t stopped disregarding the rights of citizens. Having been given the green light to probe, poke, pinch, taser, search, seize, strip, shoot and generally manhandle anyone they see fit in almost any circumstance, all with the general blessing of the courts, America’s law enforcement officials are no longer mere servants of the people entrusted with keeping the peace. Indeed, they continue to keep the masses corralled, under control, and treated like suspects and enemies rather than citizens.

SWAT teams haven’t stopped crashing through doors and terrorizing families. Nationwide, SWAT teams continue to be employed to address an astonishingly trivial array of criminal activities or mere community nuisances including angry dogs, domestic disputes, improper paperwork filed by an orchid farmer, and misdemeanor marijuana possession. With more than 80,000 SWAT team raids carried out every year on unsuspecting Americans for relatively routine police matters and federal agencies laying claim to their own law enforcement divisions, the incidence of botched raids and related casualties continue to rise.

The Pentagon and the Department of Homeland Security haven’t stopped militarizing and federalizing local police. Police forces continue to be transformed into heavily armed extensions of the military, complete with jackboots, helmets, shields, batons, pepper-spray, stun guns, assault rifles, body armor, miniature tanks and weaponized drones. In training police to look and act like the military and use the weapons and tactics of war against American citizens, the government continues to turn the United States into a battlefield.

Schools haven’t stopped treating young people like hard-core prisoners. School districts continue to team up with law enforcement to create a “schoolhouse to jailhouse track” by imposing a “double dose” of punishment for childish infractions: suspension or expulsion from school, accompanied by an arrest by the police and a trip to juvenile court. In this way, the paradigm of abject compliance to the state continues to be taught by example in the schools, through school lockdowns where police and drug-sniffing dogs enter the classroom, and zero tolerance policies that punish all offenses equally and result in young people being expelled for childish behavior.

For-profit private prisons haven’t stopped locking up Americans and immigrants alike at taxpayer expense.States continue to outsource prison management to private corporations out to make a profit at taxpayer expense. And how do you make a profit in the prison industry? Have the legislatures pass laws that impose harsh penalties for the slightest noncompliance in order keep the prison cells full and corporate investors happy.

Censorship hasn’t stopped. First Amendment activities continue to be pummeled, punched, kicked, choked, chained and generally gagged all across the country. The reasons for such censorship vary widely from political correctness, safety concerns and bullying to national security and hate crimes but the end result remained the same: the complete eradication of what Benjamin Franklin referred to as the “principal pillar of a free government.”

The courts haven’t stopped marching in lockstep with the police state. The courts continue to be dominated by technicians and statists who are deferential to authority, whether government or business. Indeed, the Supreme Court’s decisions in recent years have most often been characterized by an abject deference to government authority, military and corporate interests. They have run the gamut from suppressing free speech activities and justifying suspicionless strip searches to warrantless home invasions and conferring constitutional rights on corporations, while denying them to citizens.

Government bureaucrats haven’t stopped turning American citizens into criminals. The average American now unknowingly commits three felonies a day, thanks to an overabundance of vague laws that render otherwise innocent activity illegal, while reinforcing the power of the police state and its corporate allies.

The surveillance state hasn’t stopped spying on Americans’ communications, transactions or movements. On any given day, whether you’re walking through a store, driving your car, checking email, or talking to friends and family on the phone, you can be sure that some government agency, whether it’s your local police, a fusion center, the National Security Agency or one of the government’s many corporate partners, is still monitoring and tracking you.

The TSA hasn’t stopped groping or ogling travelers. Under the pretext of protecting the nation’s infrastructure (roads, mass transit systems, water and power supplies, telecommunications systems and so on) against criminal or terrorist attacks, TSA task forces (comprised of federal air marshals, surface transportation security inspectors, transportation security officers, behavior detection officers and explosive detection canine teams) continue to do random security sweeps of nexuses of transportation, including ports, railway and bus stations, airports, ferries and subways, as well as political conventions, baseball games and music concerts. Sweep tactics include the use of x-ray technology, pat-downs and drug-sniffing dogs, among other things.

Congress hasn’t stopped enacting draconian laws such as the USA Patriot Act and the NDAA. These laws—which completely circumvent the rule of law and the constitutional rights of American citizens, continue to re-orient our legal landscape in such a way as to ensure that martial law, rather than the rule of law, our U.S. Constitution, becomes the map by which we navigate life in the United States.

The Department of Homeland Security hasn’t stopped being a “wasteful, growing, fear-mongering beast.” Is the DHS capable of plotting and planning to turn the national guard into a federalized, immigration police force? No doubt about it. Remember, this is the agency that is notorious for militarizing the police and SWAT teams; spying on activists, dissidents and veterans; stockpiling ammunition; distributing license plate readers; contracting to build detention camps; tracking cell-phones with Stingray devices; carrying out military drills and lockdowns in American cities; using the TSA as an advance guard; conducting virtual strip searches with full-body scanners; carrying out soft target checkpoints; directing government workers to spy on Americans; conducting widespread spying networks using fusion centers; carrying out Constitution-free border control searches; funding city-wide surveillance cameras; and utilizing drones and other spybots.

The military industrial complex hasn’t stopped profiting from endless wars abroad. America’s expanding military empire continues to bleed the country dry at a rate of more than $15 billion a month (or $20 million an hour). The Pentagon spends more on war than all 50 states combined spend on health, education, welfare, and safety. Yet what most Americans fail to recognize is that these ongoing wars have little to do with keeping the country safe and everything to do with enriching the military industrial complex at taxpayer expense.

The Deep State’s shadow government hasn’t stopped calling the shots behind the scenes. Comprised of unelected government bureaucrats, corporations, contractors, paper-pushers, and button-pushers who are actually calling the shots behind the scenes, this government within a government continues to be the real reason “we the people” have no real control over our so-called representatives. It’s every facet of a government that is no longer friendly to freedom and is working overtime to trample the Constitution underfoot and render the citizenry powerless in the face of the government’s power grabs, corruption and abusive tactics.

And the American people haven’t stopped acting like gullible sheep. In fact, many Americans have been so carried away by their blind rank-and-file partisan devotion to their respective political gods that they have lost sight of the one thing that has remained constant in recent years: our freedoms are steadily declining.

Here’s the problem as I see it: “we the people” have become so trusting, so gullible, so easily distracted, so out-of-touch and so sure that our government will always do the right thing by us that we have ignored the warning signs all around us.

In so doing, we have failed to recognize such warning signs as potential red flags to use as opportunities to ask questions, demand answers, and hold our government officials accountable to respecting our rights and abiding by the rule of law.

Unfortunately, once a free people allows the government to make inroads into their freedoms, or uses those same freedoms as bargaining chips for security, it quickly becomes a slippery slope to outright tyranny. And it doesn’t really matter whether it’s a Democrat or a Republican at the helm, because the bureaucratic mindset on both sides of the aisle now seems to embody the same philosophy of authoritarian government.

As I make clear in my book Battlefield America: The War on the American People, this is what happens when you ignore the warning signs.

This is what happens when you fail to take alarm at the first experiment on your liberties.

This is what happens when you fail to challenge injustice and government overreach until the prison doors clang shut behind you.

In the American police state that now surrounds us, there are no longer such things as innocence, due process, or justice—at least, not in the way we once knew them. We are all potentially guilty, all potential criminals, all suspects waiting to be accused of a crime.

So you can try to persuade yourself that you are free, that you still live in a country that values freedom, and that it is not too late to make America great again, but to anyone who has been paying attention to America’s decline over the past 50 years, it will be just another lie.

The German people chose to ignore the truth and believe the lie.

They were not oblivious to the horrors taking place around them. As historian Robert Gellately points out, “[A]nyone in Nazi Germany who wanted to find out about the Gestapo, the concentration camps, and the campaigns of discrimination and persecutions need only read the newspapers.”

The warning signs were definitely there, blinking incessantly like large neon signs.

“Still,” Gellately writes, “the vast majority voted in favor of Nazism, and in spite of what they could read in the press and hear by word of mouth about the secret police, the concentration camps, official anti-Semitism, and so on. . . . [T]here is no getting away from the fact that at that moment, ‘the vast majority of the German people backed him.’”

Half a century later, the wife of a prominent German historian, neither of whom were members of the Nazi party, opined: “[O]n the whole, everyone felt well. . . . And there were certainly eighty percent who lived productively and positively throughout the time. . . . We also had good years. We had wonderful years.”

In other words, as long as their creature comforts remained undiminished, as long as their bank accounts remained flush, as long as they weren’t being discriminated against, persecuted, starved, beaten, shot, stripped, jailed and turned into slave labor, life was good.

This is how tyranny rises and freedom falls.

As Primo Levi, a Holocaust survivor observed, “Monsters exist, but they are too few in number to be truly dangerous. More dangerous are the common men, the functionaries ready to believe and to act without asking questions.”

Freedom demands responsibility.

Freedom demands that people stop sleep-walking through life, stop cocooning themselves in political fantasies, and stop distracting themselves with escapist entertainment.

Freedom demands that we stop thinking as Democrats and Republicans and start thinking like human beings, or at the very least, Americans.

Freedom demands that we not remain silent in the face of evil or wrongdoing but actively stand against injustice.

Freedom demands that we treat others as we would have them treat us. That is the law of reciprocity, also referred to as the Golden Rule, and it is found in nearly every world religion, including Judaism and Christianity.

In other words, if you don’t want to be locked up in a prison cell or a detention camp—if you don’t want to be discriminated against because of the color of your race, religion, politics or anything else that sets you apart from the rest—if you don’t want your loved ones shot at, strip searched, tasered, beaten and treated like slaves—if you don’t want to have to be constantly on guard against government eyes watching what you do, where you go and what you say—if you don’t want to be tortured, waterboarded or forced to perform degrading acts—if you don’t want your children to grow up in a world without freedom—then don’t allow these evils to be inflicted on anyone else, no matter how tempting the reason or how fervently you believe in your cause.

As German theologian and anti-Nazi dissident Dietrich Bonhoeffer observed, “We are not to simply bandage the wounds of victims beneath the wheels of injustice, we are to drive a spoke into the wheel itself.”

# # # #

John W. Whitehead is an attorney and author who has written, debated and practiced widely in the area of constitutional law and human rights. He is the president and spokesperson of the Rutherford Institute. Mr. Whitehead is the author of numerous books on a variety of legal and social issues, including Battlefield America: The War on the American People.  He has a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Arkansas and a Juris Doctorate degree from the University of Arkansas School of Law, and served as an officer in the United States Army from 1969 to 1971.

THE CONSTITUTION

March 2nd, 2017 by

This article is posted on both sites today due to its importance, as some of you read only what you are interested in.

http://annavonreitz.com/theconstitution.pdf

CONSTITUTIONBy Anna Von Reitz

There are a number of questions that must be asked— and answered— by each one of us.  Before asking the first and most fundamental question and not inviting anyone to blurt out any answers at this point, I want to make my own position clear.

I do not now and have never advocated any act of violence, insurrection, or treason against the Constitution.

I view the actual Constitution as a flawed contract, but a contract that provides us with protections and guarantees we would not have otherwise.  Those protections and guarantees are supremely valuable once we place ourselves in a position wherein we can exercise them.

So let’s begin with what the actual Constitution is— and let’s make it clear that when I say “The” Constitution or use the singular form of the word, I am talking about the real American deal —and when I use the plural form of the word, I am talking about constitutions in general as a class of legal instruments.  

All constitutions, then, are debt agreements— and so is ours.

These debt agreements are generally divided into two classes— equity constitutions and service constitutions, and in some cases, like ours—-both equity and service are involved in the contract itself.

The equity is in the nineteen rights known as “powers” which the states delegated to the federal government.  The debt is owed to the federal government for performing the stipulated services and accepting the associated liabilities of the states, which would otherwise have to provide these services.

The parties to this odd agreement are not our actual land jurisdiction states, but corporations they set up to act for them in the international jurisdiction of the sea. These are known as “states of states”, such as the State of Vermont; thus you will see that the “States of America” are mutually and collectively a party to The Constitution for the united States of America, and the word “united” is merely an adjective describing the fact that they are acting in common. 

So the states “united” acting through commercial companies known as “states of states” made an agreement with another entity, whose identity is purposefully obscured: the newly created “United States”.   Unknown to the public then and to most Americans still, this was the United States Trading Company, which was formed from the old British colonial investment companies— the Virginia Company, the New England Company, and others. 

Our fledgling union of states contracted away nineteen of their duties —and the related rights— to a British-owned and operated commercial company.  They could hardly tell the rest of the people that after eight long years of war, they were getting back into bed with the British king and giving up a large portion of all that they had won including control of American commerce, American treaty-making, American trade policy, American defense capability, and much more.

Our states were thus effectively controlled by the British king and emasculated, indeed, castrated in international jurisdiction, even while our country was being born.  By controlling our international defense forces, our foreign policy, our commerce, our currency, and our trade policies, the British king could do exactly what subsequent Monarchs have done—- use and abuse our resources, use our men and boys as gun fodder in wars for profit, use our women as factory and agricultural slaves, devalue our currency, and control our votes in every international assembly. 

From the Founding Fathers’ side of it, their deal probably saved more than half the loaf and forestalled yet another war with England.  The crux of the matter was that the Americans had no Navy to protect shipment of their cotton, tobacco, ore, timber, wheat and other raw materials to Europe and the British stood at the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, starving for those commodities.  Our lack of a navy to protect our commercial shipping and Britain’s lack of raw materials were the driving forces behind the adoption of The Constitution.

It was a gross sacrifice of power, autonomy, and wealth on our part and a liability laced with rich benefits for the British king and the colonial investment groups— which included Americans, like George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Ben Franklin, and others you might know—on the other.

That said, and the motives of the Constitutional Convention fully exposed, the participants did manage to save the entire land jurisdiction and also a very substantial portion of undelegated powers in the international jurisdiction of the sea for future generations. They chained the British king to an extent by setting limits on what we have fallaciously called the “federal government”, and by securing guarantees and obligations, including the obligation of the British Monarch to act as the international trustee of Americans on the High Seas and Navigable Inland Waterways.  

The Constitution was executed by a group of Americans calling themselves “We, the People”.  To grasp what this implies requires us to go back over two hundred years and learn some things we are never taught in school. 

The word “people” means “militia” in Hebrew. 

When Joshua conquered Canaan he led his “people” in battle—-he was leading his “militia”.   Our Forefathers knew this, and so, when they said, “We, the People” they knew that it meant “We, the Militia”—an important point that tends to be lost on us today.

Unlike an army, a militia has civilian officers.  Also unlike an army, membership in a militia is a birthright.  

You are born as a member of a state militia.  

You will also notice that the word “People” in “We, the People” is capitalized.

In contract law, capitalizing a word indicates a position of servitude or inferior political status. 

The men signing the Constitution were functioning as Fiduciary Deputies acting in behalf of their states, and thus were both “people”— that is, members of their respective state militias, and, at the same time, public servants.  That’s why in referring to themselves they used the capital “P” on “People”.  Yes, they were members of the American Militia, but they were acting in a servile capacity while conducting the public’s business.

So what “We, the People” communicates is really quite different from what everyone assumes.  Unless you are claiming to be a member of a state militia serving as a business agent or fiduciary, you really shouldn’t be ramming around using “We, the People” to describe yourselves.

All that said, all the lies and self-interest and double-dealing and double-speak revealed, if we sort ourselves out and assert our proper political status, The Constitution offers us a bulwark against tyranny even today and we would be foolish to cast it aside or undermine it in any way.

Without the Constitution, we would be facing a most ruthless, powerful, and immoral adversary: a desperate rogue international commercial conglomerate which is highly motivated to murder its Priority Creditors—-us, in other words.  

If we give the Federal Government an excuse to kill us by operating outside The Constitution they will profit five different ways:

  1. First, they won’t have to pay us back what they already owe us—-which is many, many trillions of dollars.   
  2. Second, they will collect on million dollar – often multi-million dollar life insurance policies– they’ve placed on each one of us, naming their own precious corporation as the beneficiary.
  3. Third, they will seize and profit from all the “abandoned property” that would result from a Civil War.
  4. Fourth, they will avoid paying the retirement benefits they owe to millions of Baby Boomers.
  5. Fifth, they will charge the survivors for the “service” of killing us.

They’ve been trying for several years to get some kind of conflict going.  They’ve tried race hatred, religious hatred, sovereign citizen phobias and false flags— all without success.  They would like nothing better than to have us start something for them.

The one thing standing in their way is the Constitution.

That is why any reckless talk against the Constitution or actions undermining the Constitution plays into the hands of those who have defrauded and misused us for so long and who in fact owe us so much. 

In my opinion, whatever fault there may be in the Constitution, it is subject to far gentler and more intelligent and certain means of reform than that provided by any sort of insurrection.

The first question then, that each of us must answer is—-do we support and defend the Constitution, and proceed within its established framework to restore a fully functioning American government, or do we, as some have suggested— throw the Constitution out with the bathwater and tread the same bloody road our forefathers were forced to endure for eight long years?

My vote is to support and defend the Constitution, while seeking its full enforcement and eventual reform, but there are voices raised among us who would have us abandon the necessities of obeying The Constitution.  These voices appeal to our egos and our anger.  They preach their own new gospel and they say that the people can do anything they wish to do, change anything they want to change, simply by taking a vote and a show of hands—- even such a sloppy ad hoc show of hands as you can get on a teleconference call.  This, we are told, is sufficient to set new national frameworks in place. 

I must ask of which nation, because it certainly isn’t mine.

No need, they tell us, to build an actual functioning restored government for the organic states.  No need to consider the tens of millions of Americans who have no inkling of what we are discussing, who are not participating, and who have just as much right to know and to take action in the own behalf as we do.  No responsibility to conduct honest elections.  No need to honor anything from the past. No need for Due Process.  No need to respect the requirements of The Constitution.  No need for the Rule of Law.  Everything, they say, is just whatever we say it is. 

No doubt that these same people believe that we have rights without responsibilities, and protections without duties, and can rule without obligation to anything or anyone but ourselves.  They are, mostly without knowing it, preaching anarchy and insurrection and the destruction of the union of states— not restoration and empowerment of the actual counties and states, not the resumption of effective Checks and Balances.

To me, the American Government is like a magnificent V8 engine that is presently running on only two cylinders.  I view it as our job to restore it and get it running right.  It requires us to be good mechanics, know our job, and use the right tools.  And we have inherited all the necessary tools.

Just as it would be foolhardy to try to fix a gas engine without understanding its parts and how it works, we cannot restore our rightful government without understanding its parts and how it works, yet the Pied Pipers among us want us to believe that no such hard work on our parts is required. 

I have the unenviable and unpopular duty of telling everyone that a lot of hard work, soul-searching, and education is necessary, that you can’t just hand-wave your way to a fully functioning American Republic after 150 years of fraud and neglect.  It’s going to take a lot of effort by a lot of people to restore America, and if we don’t do it right, there is the very real danger that our remaining two cylinders will blow up in our faces.

The American Government — as opposed to the US Government — is set in a much larger framework than just the structures and provisions established by The Constitution.  Remember that The Constitution deals only with the set up and running of the United States—- a corporation responsible for providing nineteen delegated services.  Important as that chunk out of our loaf is, it says nothing about our land jurisdiction and says nothing much about our retained non-delegated powers in the international jurisdiction of the sea, beyond the bald statement provided by Article X.

The Constitution tells us how the delegated services are to be provided and organized and monitored and paid for and how the “Federal Government” is to be limited and all that it is obligated to be and do— and says nary a word about our own state and county governments ruling the land jurisdiction, nary a word about the exercise of the non-delegated powers retained in the international jurisdiction of the sea by our union of states.  

Why is that?  It’s because those topics are simply not the subject matter of The Constitution. 

The Constitution is all about our deal with King George and who gets the juicy government services contracts pertaining to that agreement and who controls what aspects of international affairs, what the states are owed, and what they pay in return.

Why, then, would The Constitution talk about our own national state governments operating the land jurisdiction of this country?  Or even about the undelegated powers in international jurisdiction retained by the people and the states under Article X? 

It wouldn’t and it didn’t. 

Generations of Americans have scoured The Constitution looking for answers how to fix our broken government, but that is like reading a book about Barn Building, when what we really need to know is How to Raise Cows.  The subjects are somewhat related, but only obliquely. Instructions for building hay mows and stanchions and waste gutters give information by inference, but don’t directly instruct us in what we need to know.

So in Article IV, The Constitution defines the evils of Bills of Attainder and forbids them, and in Amendment VII makes it clear that the American people are owed Common Law Courts, and in Article X it mentions that the states retained undelegated powers not granted to the new United States government, but doesn’t tell us how to object to Bills of Attainder, or which kind of “Common Law” Americans are owed, or give us a list of the powers that the states and people retained.

So far as the writers of The Constitution were concerned it was assumed and we were expected to know all that for ourselves—but somewhere in the mass confusion, deceit, and fraud of the Civil War and the Reconstruction Acts—- we forgot.  

We forgot who we are, what our states are, what their jurisdiction is, how their powers are exercised, how they are meant to operate, and how to exercise the power of checks and balances.  And it’s the same way with our counties.  We forgot that the counties are the domain of the people and that the counties in turn control the states. 

Instead, the self-interested vermin in DC contrived to turn everything around and upside down, to usurp upon our lawful counties and states and replace them via fraud and deceit with corporate franchises willing to do anything and everything their parent corporations in the District of Columbia demand.  They even contrived to mischaracterize us and our political status, to demean and defraud us by the use and abuse of unilateral and undisclosed contracts to entrap, ensnare, and enclose upon the very people these monsters are hired and paid to protect.

So here we are in 2017, finally dispensing with the fog and corruption and destruction of the Civil War, finally getting rid of the carpetbaggers, and working to see our rightful government restored. 

Let it be noted that the Missing Pieces are all on our side. 

The US Government created by The Constitution is corrupt and arrogant and lawless after 150 years of running wild, but it is still kicking.  It’s the American Government that is MIA. 

It’s the actual American states that no longer answer roll call and act to prevent federal usurpation of their power.  It’s the actual American counties that no longer lawfully assemble and do the job of directing the states.  It’s our government that is on the ropes, firing on only two cylinders—-and it’s because our counties and states have been enfranchised and unlawfully converted by the so-called “federal government” into mere franchises of their own commercial corporations that Checks and Balances no longer work to prevent federal overreach, usurpation, and oppression. 

It is because we have ignorantly allowed ourselves to be called “citizens of the United States” and allowed our political status to be misrepresented and mischaracterized, too, that we are oppressed and abused and presumed upon by these foreign interlopers.

If we are to restore our rightful government and learn to use the power of The Constitution we are owed, we must first restore and hone the American Government— the lawful, unincorporated counties and states of the land jurisdiction, and restore ourselves as the people of our respective fifty nation-states. 

The key is in our hands.  It is up to us to turn it in the lock.  

See this article and over 400 others on Anna’s website here: www.annavonreitz.com

Olddogs Comments!

Not having the intellect of someone like Anna, I cannot imagine the amount of reeducation that has to be done in the entire country, before a delegation of learned people can assemble a group of teachers and spread them throughout the America States. Mind you this is for sure step number one because as it stands, there are millions of egotistical empty headed wordsmiths that think they know everything. Keeping these scumbags out of the united assembly of instructors is going to be a bloody mess. But, this must be done to stay on the straight and narrow objective of creating a majority of reeducated Americans. Don’t be insulted folks, but the truth is we have all been dumbed down to kindergarten level concerning the advantages of a Republic over a spastic corporate democracy.

CONSTITUTION

The Final End of the Fraud – Hail, the Emperor’s New Clothes

February 27th, 2017 by

http://www.paulstramer.net/2017/02/the-final-end-of-fraud-hail-emperors.html

FRAUD

By Anna Von Reitz

The problem as I see it, is not lack of action— but lack of effective action— and also lack of understanding of how the fraud has been accomplished.

We now have it completely dissected, the entire mechanism scraped down to the bone for everyone to see.

What it amounts to is commercial fraud resulting in inland piracy and unlawful conversion of assets, all based on copyright and trademark infringement and identity theft.

The vexing question has always been, how to put an end to it?  How to deliver an answer simple and inexpensive enough for the poorest and most ignorant people to benefit—- for if we leave anyone behind, we leave open the door for our own eventual re-enslavement. 

Remedy has to be simple, cheap, easily understood, and easy to access.  What is it?

For Americans I believe it is as simple as “surrendering the PERSON” provided by the UNITED STATES, INC., thereby releasing oneself from any presumption of voluntary participation in the scam.

But to whom?  That is always the rub….. When one revokes an election to pay federal income taxes, one must notify the Commissioner of the Internal Revenue Service and the Commissioner of the IRS and now also the Commissioner of THE INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, past, present and future…..

Who do you notify when giving back the odious “gift” of a PERSON?  

The absolute source of the PERSON(S) is the DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, so it makes sense to notify the SECRETARY OF COMMERCE— but would you “surrender” a dangerous securitized PERSON to the SECRETARY OF COMMERCE?   Isn’t that a bit like handing Charles Manson over to Porky Pig? 

No, a notice to the SECRETARY OF COMMERCE who creates these noxious fictions and a notice to the SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE who holds the liens against them—- that makes practical sense as a “due notice” but they cannot logically be the official responsible for cashiering the PERSON.

The answer is in the 1934 Emergency Banking Act—- the Secretary of the Treasury, used to be Jacob Lew and now, Mr. Mnuchin.

So that is the official responsible for “depositing” the PERSONS and we are the Bounty Hunters responsible for collecting and surrendering them as in “surrendering” a criminal or prisoner or in some cases, a coupon, voucher, or certificate……ah, a certificate, an insurance indemnity receipt……

This all goes back to whether you want to operate in commerce or in trade. 

You are “gifted” with the PERSON, for example, JOHN MICHAEL DOE, to enable you to operate in commerce and thereby become subjected to federal regulation and federal taxation.  Oh, jolly!  We all wanted that, right?  We were just never told anything about it and forced into it when we were still babes in our cradles and didn’t have a clue what was going on.  Our Mothers were never told, either, so they couldn’t tell us.

Our identities and our property were stolen literally “like candy from a baby” and the bastards got away with misrepresenting our political status, too.

That’s how little John Michael Doe became a ward of the UNITED STATES and became identified as a US CITIZEN operating the commercial “vessel” JOHN MICHAEL DOE. 

That’s how we were press ganged and enslaved by the Queen of England and the Roman Pontiff, even though they are both supposed to be acting as our International Trustees. 

The filthy vermin. 

This is how we were forced to operate in commerce and fraudulently subjected to the foreign federal government under delegated powers.  We granted them control of our commerce— not our trade— and this is how they contrived to beat us and rob us. 

The absolute bottom-of-the-barrel criminals operating as ELIZABETH II and FRANCISCUS are still profiting from this, and we can prove it beyond a shadow of a doubt.  They used their undeclared Foreign Agents, members of the Bar Associations, to implement this vile fraud against Americans and then also to collect the resulting unjust enrichment—- and we can prove that in spades, too. 

They funneled their ill-gotten gains through the Bank of New York Mellon, laundered it through the Vatican Bank, and then after the Pope got his cut, sent it back via the Bank of Canada so the Queen got her bit of the heist, and left the remainder for the politicians in DC to cut up and parcel out bribes and kick-backs to the Territorial “states” and “counties” as “federal revenue sharing”. 

Are you angry yet?  Title to your home and land and businesses has all been stolen by these vipers, even your DNA and your name has been stolen and copyrighted by these vicious prigs for their own benefit. 

But there IS a remedy.  You get an authenticated STATE OF WHATEVER copy of “YOUR” BIRTH CERTIFICATE and shove it up their rear by writing a few things in red ink on it and sending Mr. Mnuchin a Notice of Fiduciary Relationship otherwise known as IRS Form 56.

And that is the end of JOHN MICHAEL DOE and all “HIS” bogus debts, which you have been forced to pay off all your life.  You have returned him whence he came and there can no longer be any presumption that you are knowingly, willingly, “voluntarily” playing this game in which you give them everything and receive nothing but their debts in return.

When “JOHN MICHAEL DOE” goes down the tubes, so does the JOHN M. DOE (bankrupt) Public Transmitting Utility set up by Mr. Obummer.  Be sure and tell Mr. Mnuchin that you want the entire “US CITIZENSHIP ORGANIZATION” liquidated and credited to The United States of America account without recourse. 

And what is the Red Writing that you need to apply to the authenticated BIRTH CERTIFICATE? 

Without disturbing the rivets connecting the BC with the fancy authentication certificate from the Territorial “State of” Secretary of State, you need to take a red ink pen and on the upper left hand corner of the BC print: Accepted by Drawee— by: Your Signature and the date. 

Then on the back print: Pay to the Order of the United States of America, U.S. Treasury. Without Recourse. by: Your Signature and the date.

Send a cover letter along with the IRS Form 56 “Notice of Fiduciary Relationship” to Mr. Mnuchin and instruct him to open your credit account using the Registered Mail Number used to send him your packet containing the Form 56 and the Authenticated BC as the account number. 

This credit is what is owed to you and your ancestors who were bilked.  When you do this, the so-called “National Debt” is offset by the actual National Credit.

The Internal Revenue Service is the agency responsible for returning your credit and titles to your land and all your other property and is also responsible for prosecuting the rats who promulgated the unlawful seizure of your private assets to pay their public debts.

Tell Mr. Mnuchin that your claim is indemnified under subrogation by Private Registered Indemnity Bond  AMRI00001 and Payment Bond AMRI00003 RA393427653US.

Send it all to Mr. Mnuchin via Registered Mail, keeping a copy and all receipts for your records.

An effort needs to be mounted to force the immediate issuance of credit cards related to these accounts to the people who have been defrauded and abused all these years so as to expedite their timely receipt of credit due and put a stop to any further false claims and inconvenience resulting from the continued billing of utility and other bills to JOHN MICHAEL DOE and JOHN M. DOE and whatever other fictions they can dream up and offer as voo-doo doll DEBTORS.

Mr. Trump and the members of the “Congress” need to be truly lit up with the news that this fraud is at an end.

As for all the rest, report it to the Internal Revenue Service.

In Foreclosure?  Facing criminal “charges”? 

These vermin have been double-dipping and robbing you and not reporting the “extra” income.  They’ve been making false claims on abandonment and seizing hidden escrow bond accounts held in your NAME.  They’ve been “securitizing” you as a slave, right down to your DNA and your name and selling “YOU” on the open market.

If you aren’t ready to spit, you surely ought to be.

The Roman Pontiff’s private Bill Collectors duded up and impersonating judges so as to provide “an appearance of justice” under “Federal Rules of Civil Procedure”—har, har, har!—-have been eating out your substance like moths for decades and not paying their taxes. 

Imagine that?

Sounds like the Internal Revenue Service ought to be notified. 

See this article and over 400 others on Anna’s website here:

www.annavonreitz.com

FRAUD

ONLY FOOLS TRUST GOVERNMENT ACADEMIA AND THE MEDIA

February 22nd, 2017 by

http://www.newswithviews.com/Ewart/ron289.htm

GOVERNMENTBy Ron Ewart
February 22, 2017
NewsWithViews.com

The crack of FBI sharpshooter Lon Horiuchi’s sniper rifle echoed across the forest as it tore through Kevin Harris and then passed through Vicki Weaver’s head, as Kevin dove through the door of the Idaho cabin in August of 1992. The FBI sniper had already wounded Randy Weaver. Vicki was cradling her infant daughter in one hand and holding the door in the other. Her older daughter was standing next to Vicki and as the bullet ripped through Vicki’s brain, pieces of her hair, scalp, skull, skin and blood splattered the older daughter standing next to her.

Because of an earlier event where a U. S. Marshal was killed by Randy Weaver’s 14-year old son, and the son was killed by the other U. S. Marshals, an FBI “kill order” went out to all FBI agents that had descended on the scene. The Weavers were to be killed on sight. The wholly preventable tragic episode lasted 11 days. Retired Lieutenant Colonel Bo Gritz was successful in negotiating an end to the standoff. The event stemmed from Randy Weaver trying to sell two sawed off shotguns to an ATF informant and then not showing up for his court hearing, leading to U. S. Marshals showing up at the cabin.

Rumors that the FBI had engaged in a cover-up regarding the Ruby Ridge operation were verified when E. Michael Kahoe, former chief of the FBI’s violent crimes section, pleaded guilty to obstruction of justice in 1996. Kahoe, who had destroyed an official bureau critique of the standoff, was sentenced to 18 months in prison. Weaver and Harris won a $3.1 Million dollar settlement from the government.

The well-known government siege that occurred at the Branch Davidian compound in Waco, Texas between February 28th and April 19th in 1993 was a similar event of out-of-control government power. It resulted in the death of 76 people, including young children living in the compound, burned to death by the ensuing fire. The memory of that event is burned into the minds of conservatives all over America.

Also burned into the memory of millions of Americans, especially Japanese Americans, was FDR’s February 19, 1942 Executive Order 9066, which interned (jailed) upwards of 120,000 Americans of Japanese ancestry in military camps on the West Coast. The government used the military to round up these Americans and don’t think for one minute the government wouldn’t do it again. Now do you still trust government?

Never forget that government is force and it is power. Thomas Jefferson warned us that: “Experience hath shewn, that even under the best forms of government, those entrusted with power have, in time, and by slow operations, perverted it into tyranny.” Has the U. S. Government become tyrannical? You decide.

But this government over-reach and abuse of power doesn’t stop there. In a much more recent case, FBI agents and Oregon County Sheriffs and State Patrol Troopers staged an ambush on a desolate, snowy stretch of Oregon highway to apprehend Ammon Bundy and the others that occupied the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge to protest the incarceration of ranchers Dwight and Steven Hammond. The ambush led to the assassination by the officers of Lavoy Finicum, one of the occupiers of the wildlife refuge. A jury would later acquit the surviving occupiers, to the dismay and disappointment of the government prosecutors.

We wrote about the event in a recent article: “Over the last several decades, small, local skirmishes, sometimes violent, started erupting in different parts of the West, in response to the government and environmental land grab, which led to the Sagebrush Rebellion in the 1970’s. The skirmishes started to grow in size, which culminated in the Bundy Ranch standoff in 2014 at Bunkerville, NV between 200 heavily armed BLM agents and several hundred private citizens carrying guns. A shooting war where private citizens would start dying in the desert for all to see at the hands of federal agents, wouldn’t play well with public opinion. The event was widely covered by the news media and the government wisely stood down.”

As Americans push back against rising government abuse, harassment, interference and growing regulations, government responds with overwhelming force, totally out of proportion to the event, in an overt act of tyranny, as they did in Ruby Ridge, Idaho; Waco, Texas; Bunkerville, Nevada and Burns, Oregon.

But it’s not just government that Americans can’t trust. The lack of trust also extends to the news media and even academia. Both lie extensively, distort events to fit their agenda and infuse events and even science with a rabid Progressive mindset, man-caused global warming being a glaring example.

A few days ago the Associated Press reported a bogus story that the President was going to use the National Guard to round up illegal aliens and deport them, whether criminals or not. The story was an outright fabrication, in other words, fake news.

In a recent article by Thomas Friedman in the New York Times, he wrote: “Ladies and gentlemen, we were attacked on Dec. 7, 1941, we were attacked on Sept. 11, 2001, and we were attacked on Nov. 8, 2016. That most recent attack didn’t involve a horrible loss of lives, but it was devastating in its own way.”

Devastating Mr. Friedman? How? Devastating to Progressives maybe. Friedman purposely fails to recognize and attacks the 63,000,000 Americans in the 30 states that voted for Donald Trump in the 2016 presidential election. They voted for a candidate that was going to shake up the status quo and rattle the timbers of the establishment elite. They voted for Trump because they had grown tired and angry over decades of failed Progressive policies. Trump, as flawed as he may be, was and is the flag bearer of that shake up and Friedman, the New York Times, academia and the rest of the national Progressive crowd are crying like a hungry baby with a dirty diaper because they didn’t get their way.

How can you trust columnists, reporters and news outlets that purposely distort the news, make up the news ….. or lie?

But let’s not forget those liberal colleges that pretend to teach your college-age children. These liberal professors are so brainwashed into thinking that liberalism and Progressivism are sacrosanct, they do everything in their power to silence any other avenue of thought. No, not every college professor is a rabid liberal carrier of the Progressive disease, but unfortunately, most of them are. We’ve selected a few quotes from college professors that illustrate the institutionalized liberal and often radical bias that exists in almost every college in America.

“Simply put: Thanksgiving is the day when the dominant white culture (and, sadly, most of the rest of the non-white but non-indigenous population) celebrates the beginning of a genocide that was, in fact, blessed by the men we hold up as our heroic founding fathers. …How does a country deal with the fact that some of its most revered historical figures had certain moral values and political views virtually identical to Nazis?” — Robert Jensen, University of Texas at Austin

“On September 11, 2001, nineteen Arab hijackers too demonstrated their willingness to die — and to kill — for their dream. They died so that their people might live, free and in dignity.” — Shahid Alam, Northeastern University

“I live to harass white folks.” — Derrick Bell, Harvard

“The blood is on the hands of the NRA. Next time, let it be YOUR sons and daughters. Shame on you. May God d*mn you.” — David Guth, University of Kansas

“Real freedom will come when [U.S.] soldiers in Iraq turn their guns on their superiors.” — John Daly, Warren County Community College

“The only true heroes are those who find ways that help defeat the U.S. military…I personally would like to see a million Mogadishus.” — Nicholas De Genova, Columbia University

“Kill all the rich people. Break up their cars and apartments. Bring the revolution home, Kill your parents.” — Bill Ayers, University of Illinois at Chicago

“As to those in the World Trade Center…Let’s get a grip here, shall we? True enough, they were civilians of a sort. But innocent? Gimme a break. …If there was a better, more effective, or in fact any other way of visiting some penalty befitting their participation upon the little Eichmanns inhabiting the sterile sanctuary of the twin towers, I’d really be interested in hearing about it.” — Ward Churchill, University of Colorado at Boulder

The foregoing is just a sample of what liberal professors actually think. We found many more comments just as egregious.

But our educational institutions don’t begin and end with liberal indoctrination in America’s colleges. It goes all the way back to Kindergarten and through 12th grade public education that has now been infected with Common Core State Standards (CCSS). We described CCSS in our August 7, 2013 article entitled: Common Core Standards – Suspicions Confirmed.” Common Core State Standards are riddled with United Nations internationally defined social justice and radical environmentalism. One of the standards includes this all-illuminating phrase: “CCSS must respond to equity as a meaningful process to address the social justice issues of race, language, gender and class bias.” This statement was in a math class directive. A math class!?

The other words and phrases that caught our eye in CCSS were “social interactionist theories”, “social and cultural theories”, “social contexts” and “equity.” The words “social” and “equity” are recurrent themes in everything we read about Common Core State Standards. These words come right out of United Nations socialist policies, parroted by liberals and you won’t find them in the U. S. Constitution.

Social justice and social equity have now become more important and have greater priority in the public school curriculum than Reading, ‘Riting and ‘Rithmetic.

The point of all this discussion is, how can you trust the utterances of academia, or even teachers in K-12, when a huge majority of the professors and teachers are steeped in only one ideological, philosophical and political point of view that vehemently rejects any other point of view?

How can you trust government when it abuses its power so readily, so often and with deadly force against its own citizens? How can you trust the news media when it creates false news and outright lies to their viewing, reading and listening audiences?

If the people cannot trust their government, or the news media, or academia, or public education, then these entities have become the enemy of the people and must be resisted by any and all means.

Finally, there is a president who will bring that resistance to the front doors of these entities in open and notorious defiance. If he succeeds, that could be the turning point that conservatives have been waiting and praying for, ever since the days of President Woodrow Wilson and the 16th Amendment.

Sadly, ladies and gentlemen, after over 100 years, Progressivism is so embedded in our institutions and the mindset of the people, it may be that only a revolution will break the strangle hold it has on our culture, our economics and our freedom. At this time, there simply is no organized and well-financed resistance to unravel Progressivism and like all Republics before us, the people will wait until it is too late to mount an effective challenge. All the words and utterances in all the conservative venues won’t change anything. In contrast, The Other Side is well organized and well funded. Hopefully, some day, the people will come to realize that Progressivism is as much a danger to freedom as the atomic bomb is a danger to the entire human race.

Let us know if you LIKED this article.

© 2017 Ron Ewart — All Rights Reserved

Ron Ewart, a nationally known author and speaker on freedom and property rights issues and author of this weekly column, “In Defense of Rural America“. Ron is the president of the National Association of Rural Landowners (NARLO) (www.narlo.org), a non-profit corporation headquartered in Washington State, acting as an advocate and consultant for urban and rural landowners. Affiliated NARLO websites are “SAVE THE USA” and “Getting Even With Government” . Ron can be reached for comment HERE.

Website: www.narlo.org

E-Mail: info@narlo.org

GOVERNMENT

What Are Unalienable Rights?

February 21st, 2017 by

https://dumpdc.wordpress.com/2011/10/30/what-are-unalienable-rights/

by Russell D. Longcore
Owner and Editor, DumpDC.com

I don’t think I’ve ever seen an expansive article about unalienable rights. We all seem to just refer to the Declaration of Independence and what Jefferson wrote, and then defer to it. But natural law and unalienable rights are where it all starts.

Thomas Jefferson wrote: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, and are endowed by their Creator with certain Unalienable Rights… Self-Evident. Obvious. Perhaps it was self-evident to the 18th Century common man, but I submit to you that the common 21st Century mind is not equally equipped. Much of the wisdom of the ages has been withheld from the modern man by the government schools. And why not? If you were a government, both tasked by The People to educate them and controlled by the same People, why teach generation after generation how to control you? Why not teach those generations how to be controlled? Self-evident truths bow to governmental self-preservation when The People aren’t watching vigilantly.

Building a tower requires building a firm foundation FIRST…or your tower goes over when the winds blow hard. Gentle readers, we’re in a CAT 5 hurricane right now that’s going to take down our American tower. If you do not have a working understanding of unalienable rights, you’ll likely fall for the next iteration of oppressive, tyrannical government foisted upon an uneducated populace who move their lips when they read. And if you don’t truly understand this philosophy, you cannot possibly teach it to your young.

Unalienable rights are also known as Natural Law or Absolute Rights. In this article these terms will be interchangeable. Also, the use of a male pronoun or the word “man” means all humans.

We begin with a definition of “Unalienable:”

“Unalienable: incapable of being alienated, that is, sold and transferred.” Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, page 1523. One cannot sell, transfer or surrender unalienable rights. The Creator bestowed them on every individual. All human beings possess unalienable rights. Unalienable rights cannot be taken nor surrendered but they can be simply ignored. This is a little like the story Jesus told about the prodigal son. A recalcitrant son learns through tough lessons that he cannot escape his father’s love nor his rights as his father’s son.

But can we find natural human rights without a recognition of a Creator? Yes, without a doubt. What you’ll learn here about Natural Law dwells in the heart of every human being simply because he exists. The concept of Unalienable Rights is life-affirming whether or not you believe in a Higher Power, since the concept showcases the uniqueness of the human being in this world. Unalienable Rights are the highest form of humanness while at the same time the most elementary of man’s characteristics.

Unalienable or Inalienable?

There is a very serious error made throughout America as related to Unalienable Rights. That is, that many people use the term “Inalienable Rights” and think that the terms are interchangeable. But they are as different as night and day.

Inalienable Rights: Rights which are not capable of being surrendered or transferred without the consent of the one possessing such rights. Morrison v. State, Mo. App., 252 S.W.2d 97, 101.

Inalienable rights can be transferred, sold or surrendered if you give your consent. Inalienable rights are not bestowed by the Creator or inherent in humans. ”Persons” have inalienable rights, and the word “Person” is a legal term¹. Inalienable rights can be bestowed to persons by government, and can be likewise removed from persons by government. At times, government itself can be considered a “Person” in a legal sense. Most state constitutions recognize only inalienable rights.

Therefore, because we possess Unalienable Rights, endowed by our Creator, to secure these rights(not grant or create them), “Governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.”² And the rights we bestow upon government are the Inalienable Rights that we all possess that can be transferred to other persons.

We’re going to build this like a pyramid, much like the Hierarchy of Needs developed by Professor Abraham Maslow, Ph.D. He placed the bedrock human needs as the base of the pyramid, these being the most fundamental needs upon which all others are built. Physiological needs are first, simple survival of the human body. Next up comes Safety, then Love, Esteem, then Self-actualization as the headstone.

FREEDOM

Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs

I don’t have a cool graphic for Unalienable Rights, so you’ll just have to look at Maslow’s pyramid and use your imagination. It won’t be all that hard.

The Right of Life

When Thomas Jefferson wrote of “certain Unalienable Rights,” he placed them in the proper order, with Life being the first and most basic of all. This is the right to simply exist as a sentient being…one able to perceive sensations, a consciousness. Unalienable rights come into being at the moment that a human becomes a human. I do not mean when the individual becomes a viable human, capable of life outside the womb. Both sides of the abortion issue agree that a zygote…a human female egg fertilized by a male sperm…is human, and that every day after it becomes an embryo for about 270 days it is human. Our right to life means our right to express our humanness and to simply be alive. The opposite is the death of a human being. The right to life gets very complicated, since none of us were able to leave the womb and live without assistance, sustenance and support. An argument about embryonic viability here entirely misses the point, since even post-birth humans need daily care until at least age 5 (or 10) or they will likely die. So along with our own innate right to life, we acknowledge our responsibility to assist other human life to exist and express itself. Maslow pointed to the need of breathing, food, water, sleep, sex, homeostasis and excretion…all part of maintaining life, and without any one of those needs, life would eventually stop. Note here that the right of life is seldom exercised individually, but is inextricably tied to the lives of others.

Right of Personal Security

The next step up the Unalienable Rights pyramid is the right to protect one’s very life and bodily existence. And by acknowledging the duties we have to others to whom we give life…our progeny…we extend the right to protect their lives also. Personal security first means that our bodies are safe from harm. That security encompasses both protection by others while we are unable to secure our own safety and protecting ourselves and our loved ones after we become capable of assuring our own safety. Note here that the right of personal security is seldom exercised individually, but is inextricably tied to the safety of others. The Second Amendment has its foundation in this unalienable human right, relying upon it to secure a free state through the use of a militia. The Second Amendment is not the “right” to keep and bear arms. It is the restriction on Congress to violate the Unalienable Right of Personal Security. Both the 4th, 5th and 14th Amendments were supposed to secure this Right.

The Right of Labor

The first manifestation of the greater Right of Property is found in the Right of Labor. Every human being owns the work of his own mind and hands, and any hindrance to his employing his mental and physical ability in whatever method he thinks proper, without causing injury to another individual, would be a violation of the Right of Labor. This right will be found in Maslow’s Safety block.

Right to Acquire and Enjoy Property

“Without property rights, no other rights are possible. Since man has to sustain his life by his own effort, the man who has no right to the product of his effort has no means to sustain his life. The man who produces while others dispose of his product is a slave.” Ayn Rand, The Virtue of Selfishness

This Right touches all of the other Unalienable Rights. First, a human fully possesses his own body, and may do with it what he pleases, as long as his choices do not violate the property rights of another human. Next, man owns his labor and may use his labor for his own subsistence. He may use his labor as an expression of value or a medium of exchange, and may freely exchange that value to acquire property. Then he may have quiet enjoyment of his property according to any manner that best reflects his happiness. Property may take the form of physical assets, but may also be less tangible assets like intellectual property. Property rights mean ownership and control, which includes the right to use an asset as well as the right to prohibit others from using the asset. Property rights also allow the owner to determine the value of an asset, and to even destroy an asset if he so chooses. The only restriction on the Unalienable Right of Property is that it does not infringe upon the Unalienable Rights of others.

As John Locke stated in The Second Treatise on Government (1690) “The great and chief end therefore of men uniting into commonwealths, and putting themselves under government, is the preservation of property.” What man would willingly join a society that did not protect his enjoyment of the fruits of his own labor?

In The Wealth of Nations (1776), Adam Smith states that “private property created a role for government in defending property (rights), and the existence of government created the security to stimulate the creation of new property.” Many today wonder why the economies of the nations are in such dreadful shape. But most governments around the world are undermining property rights, the very reason for their existence. When there is no predictability in the marketplace, and individuals are preyed upon by governments, the incentive for creating new property is diminished or altogether extinguished. Those still seeking to create new property will migrate to the governments that best protect property rights. That’s why capital is leaving America for foreign locations and will continue to do so.

Right to Contract

This Unalienable Right gives all individuals the liberty to voluntarily enter into contract with any other individual or group of individuals, so long as there is agreement as to the terms of the contract by all parties involved, and so long as the contractual agreement does not violate another individual’s Unalienable Rights. Therefore, in light of property rights, individuals may sell their labor to an employer at mutually agreeable terms. Individuals may profit from the disposition of other property by mutual agreement.

All Unalienable Rights preceded the establishment of governments. However, governments chafe mightily under this Right. In America, the years 1897 to 1937 were a 40-year period in which the US Supreme Court vigorously protected the Right to Contract. This period of time is called the “Lochner years,” referring to Lochner v. New York (1905). In Lochner, the High Court struck down a New York statute that set maximum working hours. Justice Rufus Peckham, writing for the majority, stated that the Due Process Clauses found in the 5th and 14th Amendments were stout enough to protect the Unalienable Right to Contract, and that the State of New York had no business restricting the hours that an employee and employer may agree to. After 1937, the Court has relentlessly attacked the Right to Contract, supporting laws like the minimum wage and child labor statutes. Most of the burdensome Federal regulations are attacks on the Right to Contract, since they require parties to contracts to perform acts that they would likely not agree to if given a choice.

Right of Free Speech

This is the freedom to speak freely, provided that your speech does not violate the free speech of other individuals. The Right of Free Speech is an absolute right, subject to no other restrictions than another individual’s Unalienable Rights. Naturally, your liberty to speak does not allow for libel, slander, fraud or falsehood. This is another Unalienable Right which governments despise, and most governments do not allow untrammeled free speech. And free speech may take many forms, such as spoken, written, printed and performed.

Right of Beliefs or Conscience

Individuals have an Unalienable Right to believe what they wish, to worship as their conscience dictates, or as a negative right, to not believe or not worship as their conscience dictates.

Right of Personal Liberty

The classical liberal (the good kind) concept of personal liberty is as a moral principle in which an individual is free to govern himself, his life and his property without outside compulsion, force or fraud, provided that his personal governance does not intrude upon or violate the liberty of another individual.

Right to the Pursuit of Happiness

“Striving to find meaning in one’s life is the primary motivational force in man.” ~ Dr. Viktor Frankl, 1992

The Pursuit of Happiness provides the vehicle through which man can find life’s meaning.

The Pursuit of Happiness would be found on Maslow’s pyramid at the very top as a Self-Actualization need. But this Right encapsulates all the other Rights and cannot be accomplished until the other Unalienable Rights are in place and utilized. Your pursuit of happiness would be short-circuited if you do not enjoy the Rights to Life, Labor, Property, Contract, Belief and Liberty.

To understand how this phrase “the pursuit of happiness” found its way into the Declaration of Independence, you must know some background about Thomas Jefferson. He was strongly influenced by the Greek philosopher Epicurus, even referring to himself as an Epicurean. The teacher’s philosophy was simple: if you cultivated close personal relationships, limited your desires to the necessities of life, and found joy in the moment, you would find happiness. Everything in moderation.

Conclusion

Think about a Being that creates humans, then endows them with Unalienable Rights simply because they are human, and the pinnacle of their Rights being the Right to the Pursuit of Happiness! Not its attainment, but the pursuit. The Creator is no cosmic Joker, playing a cynical game by creating a desire in the breast of each human being for happiness, but having no available tools to meet the desire. We are endowed with the desire, the ability and the Unalienable Rights necessary to live a life of purpose and meaning, and to pass on those purposes and those meanings to subsequent generations, all seeking the same outcomes.

Share this article with those you love. Then discuss it. Teach your children these lessons so they understand how the Creator meant for them to live. Understanding your Unalienable Rights will give you a reason to live, a gratefulness to your Creator, and true self-esteem based in reality.

* * * * * * * * * *

¹The Declaration of Independence by Thomas Jefferson, 1776.

²PERSON. This word is applied to men, women and children, who are called natural persons. In law, man and person are not exactly synonymous terms. Any human being is a man, whether he be a member of society or not, whatever may be the rank he holds, or whatever may be his age, sex, &c. A person is a man considered according to the rank he holds in society, with all the rights to which the place he holds entitles him, and the duties which it imposes. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 137.
2. It is also used to denote a corporation which is an artificial person. 1 Bl. Com. 123; 4 Bing. 669; C. 33 Eng. C. L R. 488; Woodes. Lect. 116; Bac. Us. 57; 1 Mod. 164.
3. But when the word “Persons” is spoken of in legislative acts, natural persons will be intended, unless something appear in the context to show that it applies to artificial persons. 1 Scam. R. 178.
4. Natural persons are divided into males, or men; and females or women. Men are capable of all kinds of engagements and functions, unless by reasons applying to particular individuals. Women cannot be appointed to any public office, nor perform any civil functions, except those which the law specially declares them capable of exercising. Civ. Code of Louis. art. 25.
5. They are also sometimes divided into free persons and slaves. Freemen are those who have preserved their natural liberty, that is to say, who have the right of doing what is not forbidden by the law. A slave is one who is in the power of a master to whom he belongs. Slaves are sometimes ranked not with persons but things. But sometimes they are considered as persons for example, a negro is in contemplation of law a person, so as to be capable of committing a riot in conjunction with white men. 1 Bay, 358. Vide Man.
6. Persons are also divided into citizens, (q.v.) and aliens, (q.v.) when viewed with regard to their political rights. When they are considered in relation to their civil rights, they are living or civilly dead; vide Civil Death; outlaws; and infamous persons.
7. Persons are divided into legitimates and bastards, when examined as to their rights by birth.
8. When viewed in their domestic relations, they are divided into parents and children; husbands and wives; guardians and wards; and masters and servants son, as it is understood in law, see 1 Toull. n. 168; 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 1890, note.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.

DumpDC. Six Letters That Can Change History.

© Copyright 2011, Russell D. Longcore. Permission to reprint in whole or in part is gladly granted, provided full credit is given.

Olddogs Comments!

If our God given RIGHTS to life, liberty, freedom and Pursuit of happiness, which were the foundation upon which this nation was created do not exist, and liberty and freedom is only an illusion under which the American’s,  suffer then let the government of this nation come forward and tell the people. But…..if we are judged free, then we should not have to plead or beg before our elected public servants to be treated as such. If, in truth we are not free, then perhaps it is our duty to address this issue forthright and forthwith with the power of the pen and pray the people will waken from their fear and slumber induced by greed.                                “From the Redemption Manual”

Which is exactly what I am doing!

FREEDOM

Mother of all Deceptions The Concept of Modern Day Slavery:

February 17th, 2017 by

http://www.paulstramer.net/2017/02/justinian-deception-hidden-foreign-text.html

JUSTINIAN DECEPTION HIDDEN FOREIGN TEXT KNOWN AS DOG LATIN)

GLOSSA
Introduction by Anna Von Reitz:

Many years ago I started wondering about the all capital letters names employed by the military.  I noticed that all names in the military were written in all capitals: LIEUTENANT RODNEY KNOX, for example, as were all the stenciled words plastered on packing crates and vehicles belonging to the US ARMY.  I even tasked my poor Father about it, and he mumbled, “When you are in the military, you are a slave, and all that you have as property does not belong to you.”

This cryptic reply made no particular sense to me, nor did the idea that those putting their lives at risk to defend us would suffer the status of slaves?  He was busy and the sun was hot and the road before us was dusty from the wheels of the endless military convoy passing by on the old US HIGHWAY 12.  I noted the answer and let it slip into the category of “things you will understand when you are older”—where it remained until my twenties, when I began seeing my name written in all capital letters on Federal Student Loan paperwork. 

I eventually tracked this odd style of name back to Ancient Rome and Roman Civil Law.  I even wrote a studious Memorandum of Law about the use of peculiar naming conventions in the Roman Civil Law going back to 200 B.C.

I discovered that noble Romans used names written in all small case letters: flavius gallus aurelius, while indentured servants used names in Upper and Lower Case: Flavius Gallus Aurelius—-and just as my Father said, slaves used names in all capitals: FLAVIUS GALLUS AURELIUS.

This did not bode well for whatever poor creature might be named ANNA MARIA RIEZINGER nor did it adequately explain how or why or by whom my given name would be so abused on government paperwork.  I never volunteered to join the Army.

I knew that names written in all capital letters were “slave names” and that it was not proper Latin, but as to what it was?  Well, I combed dutifully through dictionaries and style guides and the Government Printing Office publications but the entire net of this effort was to define what the NAME was not—– not proper English, not used officially, not proper Latin, not, not, not…. but precious little came forward to enlighten me any further on the topic of what it was being used for, or who or what was mandating its use?

The answer— that it was being used by private mostly foreign-owned governmental services corporations for the purpose of defrauding and mischaracterizing me for their own profit — is not the kind of thing that these organizations nor their employees would trumpet from the rooftops, is it? 

The Secret of Glossa–the use of Dog Latin embedded in English documents– has finally come to full and glorious light thanks to the efforts of a team of Australian researchers who have delved into this vicious fraud and breach of trust that has been perpetuated against humanity for many generations. 

Please read the information carefully and grasp the immensity and longevity of the enslavement and abuse that has been exercised against innocent people, Catholic and non-Catholic alike, by the Roman Pontiffs and their bill collectors, the members of the Bar Associations worldwide.

A name written in Dog Latin, for example, JOHN MARK DOE,  is the equivalent of a siphon used by vampires to quietly, sneakily, with little risk to themselves—-suck away your life’s blood and energy for their own benefit. 

In itself, the mischaracterized name is a tool, lifeless and inert— like a siphon, a door handle, a rope, or a poppet— harmless until and unless it is used for the purpose of committing personage against you and providing access to your assets, including the value of your labor, your land, your businesses, and your very bodies.

The use of these false foreign names, embedded in any document written in English, is prima facie evidence of a crime.

This fundamental crime of personage must finally come to a halt, must be recognized for what it is and brought to an ignominious end.  The fruit of many years of research has now come into your hands, for you to use in your own defense and the defense of others— all thanks to men who live half a world away, but whose dream and need for freedom is the same as that that lives in every human breast. 

 

I understand that there will be a complete set of DVD’s available in the near future detailing the full extent of the research and the experience and thoughts of the researchers.  Both to support their work and to undergird your own knowledge, I heartily recommend that everyone secure a copy for their own families and communities and share the information as widely as possible. 

JUSTINIAN-DECEPTION: (HIDDEN-FOREIGN-TEXT-KNOWN-AS-DOG-LATIN) The Mother of all Deceptions: The Concept of Modern Day Slavery: 

By: Romley Stewart.

http://annavonreitz.com/doglatin/doglatin12817.pdf

Olddogs Comments!

I don’t believe I have ever read anything as powerful as this, and pledge my future to understanding it as much as my intellect will allow. I grieve thinking of how few will read this entire article, and continue stumbling in the darkness of tyranny. Please wake up folks and give our creator a chance to heal your soul.

And do not forget to pray for this gifted author and his family.

Mr. Romley Stewart.

GLOSSA

STATE COURT AND COUNTY LAW LIBRARIES

February 13th, 2017 by

Both articles posted today are designed to stimulate your attention to reality.

There is no way to return to lawful governance with an ignorant society.

 State court and county law libraries

https://www.nationallibertyalliance.org/law-libraries

WHO OWNS WHO

Globalists Want To Destroy Conservative Principles But They Need Our Help

February 10th, 2017 by

http://alt-market.com/articles/3124-globalists-want-to-destroy-conservative-principles-but-they-need-our-help

CIVIL WAR

By Brandon Smith

For months now, long before the 2016 election, I have been warning about a specific social dynamic which is likely to lead to a form of civil war within the U.S.; namely, the reality that people on the left side of the political spectrum would become despondent at the inevitable loss of their candidate, Hillary Clinton, and that they would react by becoming far more militant. In my article ‘Order Out Of Chaos: The Defeat Of The Left Comes With A Cost’, published November post-election, I stated:

“When I mentioned in my last article the crippling of social justice, I did not mention that this could have some negative reverberations. With Trump and conservatives taking near-total power after the Left had assumed they would never lose again, their reaction has been to transform. They are stepping away from the normal activities and mindset of cultural Marxism and evolving into full blown communists. Instead of admitting that their ideology is a failure in every respect, they are doubling down.

When this evolution is complete, the Left WILL resort to direct violent action on a larger scale, and they will do so with a clear conscience because, in their minds, they are fighting fascism.”

I believed at that time that the social-justice cult would lose mainstream influence but that the existing minority would resort to even more insidious tactics and greater violence to get what they want; and, the so-called “moderate left” would cheer them on.  As it turns out, I have been proven right so far.

Not that extreme Leftists have been averse to violence over the past year, but I think it is safe to say that the volume on the cultural Marxist machine has been turned up a notch. The riot at UC Berkeley over a scheduled speech by gay, conservative speaker Milo Yiannopoulos is a perfect example:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l2TkEqnp-2w

Then, there was the raid by SJWs at NYU on a speech by conservative journalist and comedian Gavin McInnes, in which they shouted down all discussion with mindless chants until the event had to be canceled. This was, of course, after they had already physically attacked people outside the building, including McInnes:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iwA_0FKR9f4

The social justice mantra is changing. At first, it was predominately about forming mobs to “shame” target political opponents into silence. Now, it is about forming mobs to do what they call “punching Nazis.” Leftists are now often seen regurgitating the claim — “This is only the beginning…”

I agree, this IS only the beginning. The Left is driven not only by the ideology of cultural Marxism, but also a very specific activist strategy outlined in Saul Alinsky’s ‘Rules For Radicals’. The very core of Alinsky’s method revolves around one important rule in particular: the ends justify the means.

This is the key ingredient of moral relativism, and when a movement is motivated by moral relativism, there is no limit to the depths they will sink to get their way. Activists adopting the “ends justify the means” mentality are not interested in being “right,” or wise, or rational or logical or factual; they ONLY care about “winning.” This is their goal, and they will do anything to achieve it.

It is important to note, however, that all of these protests and the increase in violence is not taking place in a vacuum. As many liberty analysts have noted, Trump has hardly had time to do anything yet that would warrant national protests. Is Trump really the only catalyst? Not quite. The mainstream media and globalists like George Soros have been very effective in agitating or outright paying protesters and provocateurs to generate zombie mobs of gullible Leftists to use as a billy club for harassing conservatives.

That said, I want liberty activists and analysts to ponder on this for a moment — to what end is this being done? Why is Soros so interested in fomenting leftist rage? Is it designed to overthrow Trump? To initiate mob action and frighten conservatives into silence? Or do the globalists have a greater and more important goal in mind?

I have been writing often on the idea of 4th Generation Warfare the past month, and I think my readers are now well versed in the concept of the “three-steps-ahead” style of tactics, as well as the concept of manipulating an opponent to destroy himself, rather than fighting him directly. These are not new methods, the globalists have merely taken them to the next level.

But how do 4th Gen warfare tactics apply to the current Right vs. Left scenario in the U.S.? Well, everything is not as obvious as it seems.

As I outlined in-depth in my article Clinton Versus Trump And The Co-Option Of The Liberty Movement, globalists and the leftist media have been, in a strange way, quietly cheering for Trump, but only as a tool for absorbing the liberty movement (what they still call the “Tea Party”). This glee is made rather evident in an article published by Bloomberg in August titled The Tea Party Meets Its Maker.

There is a point I have been trying to make for most of the year that I think has been consistently missed by many in the liberty movement. That point being that the greatest danger to conservatives is NOT militant Leftists, but how we RESPOND to militant Leftists. That is to say, I believe the globalists are using the Left as a cattle prod to enrage conservatives and lure us into abandoning our principles in the name of defeating Marxists.

Consider this; the argument among most liberty analysts has been that the numerous anti-Constitutional programs put in place by the Obama administration in the past eights years would eventually be used by the political Left and the globalists as weapons to subdue and destroy conservatives and patriot groups. While Obama certainly tested the waters of tyranny over and over again, up to and including using executive orders to assassinate American citizens without trial, it is clear that those extensive powers afforded to the White House are no longer in the hands of the left; they are in the hands of Trump.

Obama even signed the “Countering Disinformation And Propaganda Act” into law AFTER Trump had already won the White House. Trump has now inherited this power as well, which seems to give government the authority to harass or even silence news sources they deem “fake news.” While many liberty activists cried foul and warned of a “coup” designed to shut down alternative news sites and thwart Trump’s inauguration, I warned that there was a much more dangerous scenario in play.

What will conservatives do in the face of the leftist mob funded by globalists and growing ever more vicious? Well, what do the globalists expect us to do? I think they expect us to look at all the government powers we once admonished as unConstitutional and say “hey, maybe these laws and executive orders are not so bad after all…”

I think the globalists are handing us the incredible temptation of far reaching bureaucratic power, and they expect us to abuse that power, as almost anyone would.

As an alternative analyst I am privy to trends in the liberty movement and in conservative circles that might not be immediately obvious to casual readers. Already, I am witnessing calls among conservatives to abuse government power to defeat the Left. I have seen comments such as:

“Trump should use the NDAA to imprison these leftists indefinitely…”

“The only solution is to throw the leftists into FEMA camps…”

“Trump needs to shut down the leftist media…”

“Sometimes it is okay to bend the rules of the constitution if you have the right president…”

And comments like this are popping up everywhere in liberty media boards. Now, I recognize that some of this talk is being posted by paid disinformation agents and provocateurs, but, I have heard regular conservatives and patriots, people who are long time proponents of the Constitution, echo similar sentiments.

I often use the analogy of the “One Ring” from The Lord Of The Rings to describe big government power. I really can’t find a better fictional symbol. Anyone who comes into possession of the “one ring” is eventually corrupted by it. Many good people believe that its darker energy can be contained and directed for good purposes, but they, too, are ultimately undone by it. The only answer, the only solution, is to abandon the ring, or to destroy it.

Overt government power is very much the same; it corrupts any person or group that comes in contact with it. Every group thinks that if only THEY were in possession of government that they would do things differently. This is a delusion. No person or group is benevolent enough to handle this responsibility, and this includes conservatives. Many groups would commit egregious and heinous crimes to take government for themselves, or keep it for themselves, all the while so many Saurons (globalists) laugh and smack their lips as the masses battle over numerous rings of power.

As I have noted time and time again for the past several months, Trump is the perfect tool for scapegoating conservative movements for the economic crisis the elites have already engineered. But, this is only one part of the agenda. In the midst of chaos generated by financial calamity, the morals of an entire society can become “malleable”.  The most important target of the globalists is not only conservatives, but the conservative philosophy. They don’t just want to annihilate conservatives today, they want to annihilate conservatives for all time.

The globalists cannot accomplish this task without our help. They NEED us to adopt an attitude of moral relativism, much like the Left. They need us to turn into totalitarians. They need us to become the monster we claim we want to defeat. Only then can conservative principles be demonized for all time. Only then will history look back on us as a stain on the human record.

This is the globalist’s long game.

While Leftists are being encouraged to mutate into wild frothing packs of rabid dogs, conservatives will be encouraged either through temptation or manipulation to respond in kind. The Left’s propaganda train asserts that we are “fascists.” Obviously, we are the furthest thing from this. But, with enough violence and aggressive censorship on their part, we might end up saying “Okay, you want to see fascism, we’ll show you fascism!”

The social justice cult has no idea what they are being led into. The globalists are going to throw them to the wolves, and WE are the wolves.

It is important to note that the Left is also not the only instigator for conservatives to turn totalitarian. Islamic terrorism is always a perfect rationale for increased government intrusion in the name of safety. The worst part is, the threats from the Left and the threats from Islamic extremism are in most cases quite legitimate, and they seem to be working hand-in-hand more each day.

The progressive interference with steps towards more rational immigration policies and their steady defense of Sharia Law leads many conservatives to see them as one in the same enemy.  No foreigner is entitled to citizenship in the U.S., but leftists live in a fantasy world of open borders.  The left’s refusal to entertain reasonable and selective immigration will eventually push conservatives towards more drastic measures, which is the ultimate point.

Very few Americans like Communists, and very few Americans like Muslim zealotry; the justification for totalitarian measures to disrupt such threats is relatively easy for many people.

This is why I am going to make my next prediction of a major geopolitical event to close out this article — I believe there will be a large scale terrorist attack within the next three months, beyond the mob actions of the Left already in progress.

It will either be similar in scope to 9/11, or, it will be a succession of many smaller attacks occurring over the course of a few days to a couple of weeks. I believe that the current dispute over border controls and immigration denial will come immediately into play. Trump will blame Leftists for obstructing his efforts for secure immigration. Leftists and the media will blame Trump for “radicalizing” Muslims with his immigration policies, or perhaps even accuse him of staging the attacks himself. Trump will begin taking extraordinary measures beyond the Constitution to ensure immigration denial and the thwarting of the Left, and conservatives will applaud him for it.

Again, conservatives are being led by globalists into the temptations of power. The only way for us to fight back is to maintain our principles and refuse to support ANY government measure that is unConstitutional, even if it is to be used against our enemies. The only way that the heritage of liberty can be defeated is if the proponents and champions of liberty forsake it. We beat the globalists in the long run by standing by our ideals and fighting back within the bounds of the principles we hold dear. Dominance through government is never the answer.

 If you would like to support the publishing of articles like the one you have just read, visit our donations page here.  We greatly appreciate your patronage.

 You can contact Brandon Smith at:

brandon@alt-market.com

OLDDOGS COMMENTS!

WANTED:

One hundred million AMERICAN’S

capable of understanding the principals AMERICA was founded on and willing to join hands in a national resistance to CORPORATE GOVERNANCE. Men and women who love their freedom more than their bondage who will circulate copies of the Constitution with the stipulation of a promise to read it and demand a Constitutional Government not under the control of the International Investment banking cartel. A second civil war will be the total end of freedom in this country. And that’s where this country is headed!

Contact olddog@anationbeguiled.com

FOR INSTRUCTIONS!

CIVIL WAR

The Power and Authority of the County Sheriff

February 9th, 2017 by

https://www.nationallibertyalliance.org/countysheriff

 

The purpose of this page is to empower the County Sheriff and U.S. Marshal through knowledge of the Supreme Law of the Land and history; in order that they may serve the People and save/preserve America. There is no elected or appointed official that can remove the Sheriff or Marshal from office. The Sheriff is elected by the People of their county and the Marshal is appointed by the President who was vested with that power by We the People through the United States Constitution. In the case Marbury v Madison in 1803 the Court made it clear that the Constitution gave the power to the president to appoint but not the power to remove, that is reserved to the People alone through indictment for bad behavior.

 

There are only two Law Enforcement officers in America; The County Sheriff and the US Marshal. The sheriff is the only elected law enforcer whose duty it is to protect the unalienable rights of the People both in the court room and within the county. While the U.S. Marshal is responsible for protecting the unalienable rights of the People in the Federal Court room.

The Sheriff is the only person able to call for the posse comitatus (Latin, Power of the county) Referred at Common Law to all males over the age of fifteen on whom a sheriff could call for assistance in preventing any type of civil disorder. Today, under a national emergency the Sheriff is both the first and last line of defense should our government go rouge; since congress has been derelict of duty in the providing for the militia.

U.S. Constitution Article I Section 8 clauses 15 and 16: The Congress shall have power to provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the union, suppress insurrections and repel invasionsTo provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the service of the United States, reserving to the states respectively, the appointment of the officers, and the authority of training the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;”

The Bill of Rights makes clear two (2) things (1) A well regulated militia is an unalienable right and (2) a well regulated militia is necessary to our security.

Amendment II “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”

Today all seats of government have unlawfully incorporated and therefore all police forces (city, town, village, state, etc.) work for corporations and owe their allegiance to the corporation, therein “code enforcement officers”; whereas Sheriffs and Marshals are “constitutional officers” owing allegiance to the People. There exists no Constitutional authority for police forces.

U.S. Constitution Article VI clause 2: “This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding.”

The Declaration of Independence, U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights are founded under common law, a/k/a the Supreme Law of the Land. ALL CASES AT LAW: Black’s Law 4th, “within constitutional guaranty of jury trial, refers to common law actions as distinguished from causes in equity and certain other proceedings.” Breimhorst v. Beck-man, 227 Minn. 409, 35 N.W.2d 719, 734.

The Sheriff and the U.S. Marshal just like We the People have lost their way. We have forgotten who we are and by what authority we act upon and therefore our servants rule over us. The purpose of this site is to help us find our way back to the Liberties our founding fathers discovered and pledged their lives, their fortunes and their sacred honor to establish for themselves and their posterity. It is now our turn, our duty, to re-discover our roots for ourselves and our posterity. There are forces within our government that are doing everything they can to prevent that from happening. These people are called progressives and over the years they have taken control of both major parties and thereby methodically removed civics, God and constitutional studies from our education and through the media, entertainment and education have demoralized us.

What We the People and our Sheriffs need to know is that:

We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.” Preamble to the U.S. Constitution.

When we the People ordained Common Law, U.S. Constitution Article VI, the Supreme Law of the Land We the People took control of all decision making within the courts through Grand and Trial Juries and the Common Law Sheriff became the only Law Enforcer of the court and the county. The common law court is well established and defined in history, Blacks Law and Bouviers Law.

“The Sheriff is the “Chief Executive and Administrative Officer” of a county chosen by popular election. His principal duties are in aid of the criminal and civil courts of record [common law courts]; such as serving process, summoning juries, executing judgments, holding judicial sales and the like. He is also the chief conservator of the peace within his territorial jurisdiction.” Harston v. Langston, Tex.Civ. App., 292 S.W. 648, 650.

The word “Sheriff” is a contraction of the term “shire reeve”, meaning a royal official responsible for keeping the peace throughout a shire or county on behalf of the king(s). We the People “Ordained” the Constitution for the United States of America which puts the People as the said kings above the Constitution and our elected servants under the Constitution, therein the great American experiment. Our servants have no more power than that which We the People gave them and any law they write to the contrary is null and void as if it has never been passed; as we read:

“All laws, rules and practices which are repugnant to the Constitution are null and void.” Marbury v. Madison, 5th US (2 Cranch) 137, 180

“Where rights secured by the Constitution are involved, there can be no rule making or legislation which would abrogate them.” Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436, 491

SHERIFFS TERM OF OFFICE AND
REMOVAL FROM OFFICE

State Constitutions require the election of the Sheriff for a two or four year term. His full authority is defined in common law history and cannot be altered. The Sheriff can only be removed from power at the ballot box or by the People for bad behaviour through indictment. Not upholding his oath would be bad behavior.

GOOD BEHAVIOR: “The term ‘good behavior’ means conduct that is authorized by law, and ‘bad behavior’ means conduct such as the law will punish.” State v. Hardin, 183 N.C. 815, 112 S.E. 593, 594. “Orderly and lawful conduct;” Huyser v. Com., 25 Ky.L. Rep. 608, 76 S.W. 175; In re Spenser, 22 Fed.Cas. 921. “‘Good behavior,’ means merely conduct conformable to law, or to the particular law theretofore breached.” Ex parte Hamm, 24 N.M. 33, 172 P. 190, 191, L.R. A.1918D, 694; Baker v. Commonwealth, 181 Ky. 437, 205 S.W. 399, 401.

SHERIFF AND THE JURY

Although many states write statutes on how the state, usually through the prosecutor, calls the Grand Jury; such statutes have no control over the Sheriff or the People. History recalls that the Sheriff is usually the one who calls for the Grand Jury after or before he makes an arrest and the state calls for the Grand Jury if the state wants to accuse someone of a crime.

In all cases it is the People through the Grand Jury who will decide if a crime was committed or not by indictment. The administration for the Grand Jury also known as the investigative body for the Grand Jury is made up of four People who are “not” elected or appointed but rise out from among the People. We find this process has been established since at least 1215AD and is described in the Magna Carta. Most states have statutory Commissioner of Jurors that are political appointments and therefore are an abomination to common law.

THE POWER OF THE PEOPLE

In the 1992 court case United States v Williams Justice Antonin Scalia, writing for the majority, confirmed that the American grand jury is neither part of the judicial, executive nor legislative branches of government, but instead belongs to the people. It is in effect a fourth branch of government “governed” and administered to directly by and on behalf of the American people, and its authority emanates from the Bill of Rights. Thus, citizens have the unbridled right to empanel their own grand juries and present “True Bills” of indictment to a court, which is then required to commence a criminal proceeding. Our Founding Fathers presciently thereby created a “buffer” the people may rely upon for justice, when public officials, including judges, criminally violate the law.

We the people have been providentially provided legal recourse to address the criminal conduct of persons themselves entrusted to dispense justice. In the Supreme Court case of United States v. Williams, 112 S.Ct. 1735, 504 U.S. 36, 118 L.Ed.2d 352 (1992), whereas the Court said:Because the grand jury is an institution separate from the courts, over whose functioning the courts do not preside, we think it clear that, as a general matter at least, no such “supervisory” judicial authority exists, “[R]ooted in long centuries of Anglo-American history,” Hannah v. Larche, 363 U.S. 420, 490, 80 S.Ct. 1502, 1544, 4 L.Ed.2d 1307 (1960) (Frankfurter, J., concurring in result),the grand jury is mentioned in the Bill of Rights, but not in the body of the Constitution. It has not been textually assigned, therefore, to any of the branches described in the first three Articles. It ” ‘is a constitutional fixture in its own right.'” United States v. Chanen, 549 F.2d 1306, 1312 (CA9 1977) (quoting Nixon v. Sirica, 159 U.S.App.D.C. 58, 70, n. 54, 487 F.2d 700, 712, n. 54 (1973)), cert. denied, 434 U.S. 825, 98 S.Ct. 72, 54 L.Ed.2d 83 (1977). “In fact the whole theory of its function is that it belongs to no branch of the institutional government, serving as a kind of buffer or referee between the Government and the people.” Stirone v. United States, 361 U.S. 212, 218, 80 S.Ct. 270, 273, 4 L.Ed.2d 252 (1960); Hale v. Henkel, 201 U.S. 43, 61, 26 S.Ct. 370, 373, 50 L.Ed. 652 (1906); G. Edwards, The Grand Jury 28-32 (1906). “Although the grand jury normally operates, of course, in the courthouse and under judicial auspices, its institutional relationship with the judicial branch has traditionally been, so to speak, at arm’s length. Judges’ direct involvement in the functioning of the grand jury has generally been confined to the  constitutive one of calling the grand jurors together and administering their oaths of office.” United States v. Calandra, 414 U.S. 338, 343, 94 S.Ct. 613, 617, 38 L.Ed.2d 561 (1974); Fed.Rule Crim.Proc. 6(a).

“The grand jury’s functional independence from the judicial branch is evident both in the scope of its power to investigate criminal wrongdoing, and in the manner in which that power is exercised. “Unlike [a] [c]ourt, whose jurisdiction is predicated upon a specific case or controversy, the grand jury ‘can investigate merely on suspicion that the law is being violated, or even because it wants assurance that it is not.'” United States v. R. Enterprises, 498 U.S. —-, —- , 111 S.Ct. 722, 726, 112 L.Ed.2d 795 (1991) (quoting United States v. Morton Salt Co., 338 U.S. 632, 642-643, 70 S.Ct. 357, 364, 94 L.Ed. 401 (1950)). “It need not identify the offender it suspects, or even “the precise nature of the offense” it is investigating. Blair v. United States, 250 U.S. 273, 282, 39 S.Ct. 468, 471, 63 L.Ed. 979 (1919). “The grand jury requires no authorization from its constituting court to initiate an investigation,” see Hale, supra, 201 U.S., at 59-60, 65, 26 S.Ct., at 373, 375, “nor does the prosecutor require leave of court to seek a grand jury indictment. And in its day-to-day functioning, the grand jury generally operates without the interference of a presiding judge.” See Calandra, supra, 414 U.S., at 343, 94 S.Ct., at 617. “It swears in its own witnesses, Fed.Rule Crim.Proc. 6(c), and deliberates in total secrecy,” see United States v. Sells Engineering, Inc., 463 U.S., at 424-425, 103 S.Ct., at 3138. “we have insisted that the grand jury remain “free to pursue its investigations unhindered by external influence or supervision so long as it does not trench upon the legitimate rights of any witness called before it.” United States v. Dionisio, 410 U.S. 1, 17-18, 93 S.Ct. 764, 773, 35 L.Ed.2d 67 (1973). “Recognizing this tradition of independence, we have said that the Fifth Amendment’s “constitutional guarantee presupposes an investigative body ‘acting independently of either prosecuting attorney or judge ‘. . . . Id., at 16, 93 S.Ct., at 773 (emphasis added) (quoting Stirone, supra, 361 U.S., at 218, 80 S.Ct., at 273).

“Given the grand jury’s operational separateness from its constituting court, it should come as no surprise that we have been reluctant to invoke the judicial supervisory power as a basis for prescribing modes of grand jury procedure. Over the years, we have received many requests to exercise supervision over the grand jury’s evidence-taking process, but we have refused them all, including some more appealing than the one presented today. In Calandra v. United States, supra, a grand jury witness faced questions that were allegedly based upon physical evidence the Government had obtained through a violation of the Fourth Amendment; we rejected the proposal that the exclusionary rule be extended to grand jury proceedings, because of “the potential injury to the historic role and functions of the grand jury.” 414 U.S., at 349, 94 S.Ct., at 620. Costello v. United States, 350 U.S. 359, 76 S.Ct. 406, 100 L.Ed. 397 (1956), “we declined to enforce the hearsay rule in grand jury proceedings, since that “would run counter to the whole history of the grand jury institution, in which laymen conduct their inquiries unfettered by technical rules.” Id., at 364, 76 S.Ct., at 409.

JUDGES AND PROSECUTORS
ACT ABOVE THE LAW

A common complaint from Sheriffs is, “I cannot arrest a judge without first getting the prosecutor to agree otherwise the prosecutor may refuse to prosecute.” The question that begs answering is where did the prosecutor get such power? Certainly We the People did not give it to them in the Constitution and certainly congress can make no Law that we did not give them the power to make. We the People did not ordain the prosecutor “Chief Law Enforcer”, but the Sheriff! Solution: if the prosecutor refuses to prosecute they should be arrested for “felony rescue”.

The Sheriff is not to go begging the prosecutor for an indictment, he shouldn’t even be going to the prosecutor at all, but to the Grand Jury directly and ask them for an indictment. The problem is that the Judge and the prosecutor deny Sheriffs and the People access to the Grand Jury. After six years of practicing law without a BAR degree we found out that many judges and prosecutors have something to hide so they protect each other by blocking access to the Grand Jury, they fear what you may ask of the Grand Jury.

So, if the Sheriff needs to ask permission, he’s not the Chief and he passes his duties to others, and any Sheriff that does that is in “Bad Behavior”. If the Sheriff cannot get access to the Jury Administrators (a/k/a Commissioners of Jurors) directly he has the power and authority to summons 25 People, out of any pool (phone book, etc.) to the courthouse jury room and ask for an indictment.

We the People did not give prosecutors power to negotiate deals with People under indictment. Prosecutors may propose the deal to the Grand Jury for decision; but the arrangement must offer a plan for restitution acceptable to the injured party or due process, trial by jury, must run its course.

GUN CONTROL

Alaska, Arizona, Vermont and Wyoming have no law requiring pistol owners to have a permit to carry. Colorado, Iowa, Georgia, Kentucky, Maine, New Hampshire, Ohio, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota and Virginia, according to the NRA are considering bills in current legislative sessions to end permit requirements. The United States Supreme Court quoting the rules of criminal and civil procedure said: “The carrying of arms in a quiet, peaceable, and orderly manner, concealed on or about the person, is not a breach of the peace. Nor does such an act of itself, lead to a breach of the peace.” Wharton’s Criminal and Civil Procedure, 12th Ed., Vol.2: Judy v. Lashley, 5 W. Va. 628, 41 S.E. 197

The Bill of Rights Amendment II states “A well-regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” This Amendment protects two unalienable rights, both of which articulate the right of self-defense, one personal, the right to protect your-self from another individual shall not be infringed and the other to protect our-self from a rouge government, shall not be infringed. Some may say the right to keep and bear Arms is for the militia; this makes no sense because We the People are the militia, nor are We the People willing to give up an unalienable right.

Conclusion: if the Sheriff does not protect the right of the People to keep and bear arms he is in violation of his oath and thereby in bad behavior and subject to removal from office by the People through indictment. The real test of the Sheriffs Constitutional fortitude in states that require permits is; is he going to protect the People from rogue statutes and bureaucrats or compromise the Law?

ARREST OR SEIZURE WARRANTS

All arrest or seizure warrants must have a wet ink signature of a Federal or State Judge (not city, town or village) supported by an affidavit.

IRS seizure requires a wet ink signature of a Federal Judge and two form affidavits they are (1) IRS Form 56 Fiduciary relationship and (2) IRS Form 4490 Proof of claim; both must be signed under notary/magistrate.

Bill of Rights Amendment IV: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Sheriffs must refuse warrant execution without signatures and affidavits, to proceed without would be a vilation of their oath and therefore in bad behavior.

SWAT: Any time any police force including federal agents uses SWAT and raid attacks, usually in the middle of the night, against one of the People because they “allegedly” owe money is an assault upon Liberty and the Sheriff is obligated by oath to stop it and make arrests if necessary.

RIGHT TO TRAVEL

The right to travel canot be licensed “The right of the citizen to travel upon the public highways and to transport his property thereon, either by carriage or by automobile, is not a mere privilege which a city may prohibit or permit at will, but a common right which he has under the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” Thompson v Smith, 154 SE 579.

“Even the legislature has no power to deny to a citizen the right to travel upon the highway and transport his property in the ordinary course of his business or pleasure, though this right may be regulated in accordance with the public interest and convenience “Regulated” here means stop lights, signs, etc. NOT a privilege that requires permission or unconstitutional taxation; i.e. – licensing, mandatory insurance, vehicle registration, etc., requiring financial consideration, which are more illegal taxes.” Chicago Motor Coach v Chicago, 169 NE 22

Blacks 2nd, “License: In the law of contracts, is a permission, accorded by a competent authority, conferring the right to do some act which without such authorization would be illegal, or would be a trespass or tort.”

RIGHTS

The claim and exercise of a constitution right cannot be converted into a crime4. Miller v. U.S.,

INALIENABLE (Blacks 4th) Not subject to alienation (separation); the characteristic of those things which cannot be bought or sold or transferred from one person to another, such as rivers and public highways, and certain personal rights; e. g., liberty. Inalienable; incapable of being aliened, that is, sold and transferred.

RIGHT (Blacks 4th) “Rights” are defined generally as “powers of free action.” And the primal rights pertaining to men are undoubtedly enjoyed by human beings purely as such, being grounded in personality, and existing antecedently to their recognition by positive law. FREE. Not subject to legal constraint of another. Unconstrained; having power to follow the dictates of his own will. Not subject to the dominion of another. Not compelled to involuntary servitude. Used in this sense as opposed to “slave.”

Rights are not a crime We the People have right to exercise rights, right to practice law, right to proceed in courts without cost, right to travel, right of privacy, right to be let alone and right to defend just to name a few. In conclusion I have a right to do anything I please as long as I do not injure another or currupt the morals of a minor.

DUE PROCESS

Bill of Rights Amendment V: “No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.”

The question is what is an Infamous crime: Blacks Law 4th states: “A crime which entails infamy (state of dishonor) upon one who has committed it. Butler v. Wentworth, 84 Me. 25, 24 A. 456, 17 L.R.A. 764. The term “infamous” e., without fame or good report—was applied at common law to certain crimes, upon the conviction of which a person became incompetent to testify as a witness. A crime punishable by imprisonment.”

Conclusion: Anybody that is facing jail time “MUST” be indcited and tried in a Court of Law, a summons or a police report is not sufficient. Additionally there is a common law maxim that states “in order for there to be a crime there must be a sworn affidavit by an injured party and the state cannot be that injured party.”

Any Sheriffs finding that he inherited the housing of prisoners in the County Jail that did not get due process, is housing political prisoners and would be guilty of conspiracy if he did not do the right thing as soon as he awakened and realized it.

Any court that does not necessitate due process, would not be a Court of Law; city courts, town courts and village courts do not necessitate due process but statutes. So, what is the solution? The answer is to petition the Grand Jury in a Federal Court for a Habeas Corpus and the court will demand proof of due process and if they fail to prove due process the Court will order their release. If you cannot find a Common Law Grand Jury in your Federal District we already have jury pools nation-wide in all ninety-four (94) Federal Districts in America and our Administrators can help initiate the paper work and court process.

JURISDICTION

Only Courts of Record, a/k/a Common Law Courts have jurisdiction over the People. All courts of record proceed with a tribunal a/k/a Jury under the rules of Common Law. All city, town, criminal, and village courts are not courts of record because they proceed according to the rules of chancery and not law and therefore have no jurisdiction over the People. If a Judge refuses to answer the accused by what authority they act then they do not have jurisdiction. The only answer is “Common Law”, U.S. Constitution article VI.

“Trial court acts without jurisdiction when it acts without inherent or common law authority, …” State v. Rodriguez, 725 A.2d 635, 125 Md.App 428, cert den 731 A.2d 971,354 Md. 573 (1999)

Any court that proceeds with summary judgments are not common law courts and have no jurisdiction over the People.

Summary proceeding: Blacks 4th “Any proceeding by which a controversy is settled, case disposed of, or trial conducted, in a prompt and simple manner, without the aid of a jury, without presentment or indictment, or in other respects out of the regular course of the common law. In procedure, proceedings are said to be summary ‘when they are short and simple in comparison with regular proceedings; ie., in comparison with the proceedings which alone would have been applicable, either in the same or analogous cases, if summary proceedings had not been available.” Sweet. See Phillips v. Phillips, 8 N.J.L. 122.

“As to the construction, with reference to Common Law, an important cannon of construction is that constitutions must be construed to reference to the Common Law. The Common Law, so permitted destruction of the abatement of nuisances by summary proceedings1 and is was never supposed that a constitutional provision was intended to interfere with this established principle and although there is no common law of the United States in a sense of a national customary law as distinguished from the common law of England, adopted in the several states. In interpreting the Federal Constitution, recourse may still be had to the aid of the Common Law of England. It has been said that without reference to the common law, the language of the Federal Constitution could not be understood.” – 16American Jurisprudence 2d., Sec. 114:

“If there is no sworn affidavit by an injured party there is no crime, there can be no case: No more than an affidavit is necessary to make the prima facie case.”  United States v. Kis, 658 F.2d 526, 536 (7th Cir. 1981); Cert. Denied, 50 U.S. L. W. 2169; S. Ct. March 22, 1982

Allegations in an affidavit in support of a motion (action) must be considered as true in absence of counter-affidavit.” Group v Finletter, Group v Finletter, 108 F. Supp. 327

“Silence can only be equated with fraud where there is a legal or moral duty to speak, or where an inquiry left unanswered would be intentionally misleading.” U.S. v. Tweel, 550 F.2d 297, 299. See also U.S. v. Prudden, 424 F.2d 1021, 1032; Carmine v. Bowen, 64 A. 932.

“The appropriate party to attest to the facts is the plaintiff himself, not the plaintiff’s attorney, an attorney’s affidavit that is not based upon personal knowledge is without value and is insufficient as an affidavit.” Romel v. Reale, 155 A.D.2d 747, 547 N.Y.S.2d 691 (3d Dep’t 1989)

Any court that proceed against the People with statutes and not the law of the land are not common law courts and have no jurisdiction over the People.

“All codes, rules, and regulations are for government authorities only, not human/Creators in accordance with God’s laws. All codes, rules, and regulations are unconstitutional and lacking due process…” Rodriques v. Ray Donavan (U.S. Department of Labor) 769 F. 2d 1344, 1348 (1985).

“All laws, rules and practices which are repugnant to the Constitution are null and void” Marbury v. Madison, 5th US (2 Cranch) 137, 180

“For a crime to exist, there must be an injured party. There can be no sanction or penalty imposed upon one because of this exercise of Constitutional rights.”– Sherar v. Cullen, 481 F. 945.

“The general rule is that an unconstitutional statute, though having the form and name of law, is in reality no law, but is wholly void and ineffective for any purpose, since its unconstitutionality dates from the time of its enactment… In legal contemplation, it is as inoperative as if it had never been passed… Since an unconstitutional law is void, the general principles follow that it imposes no duties, confers no right, creates no office, bestows no power or authority on anyone, affords no protection and justifies no acts performed under it… A void act cannot be legally consistent with a valid one. An unconstitutional law cannot operate to supersede any existing law. Indeed insofar as a statute runs counter to the fundamental law of the land, (the Constitution) it is superseded thereby. No one is bound to obey an unconstitutional law and no courts are bound to enforce it.” [Bonnett v. Vallier, 116 N.W. 885, 136 Wis. 193 (1908); NORTON v. SHELBY COUNTY, 118 U.S. 425 (1886)]

“There, every man is independent of all laws, except those prescribed by nature. He is not bound by any institutions formed by his fellowman without his consent.” [Cruden v. Neale, 2 N.C. 338 (1796) 2 S.E.]

“Under our system of government upon the individuality and intelligence of the citizen, the state does not claim to control him/her, except as his/her conduct to others, leaving him/her the sole judge as to all that affects himself/herself.” Mugler v. Kansas 123 U.S. 623, 659-60.

Sheriffs are not to carry out the decisions of courts not of record and have a duty to arrest judges and prosecutors who continue to precede under the color of law to prosecute We the People.

THE COMMON LAW COURT STRUCTURE

  1. “The Tribunal (grand or trial jury) A judicial tribunal  having attributes and exercising functions independently of the person of the magistrate designated generally to hold it.” Jones v. Jones, 188 Mo.App. 220, 175 S.W. 227, 229; Ex parte Gladhill, 8 Metc. Mass., 171, per Shaw, C.J. See, also, Ledwith v. Rosalsky, 244 N.Y. 406, 155 N.E. 688, 689][Black’s Law Dictionary, 4th Ed., 425, 426
  2. Magistrate (maintains order has no power to judge)
  3. Coroner (usually in murder cases and can perform the duties of a magistrate)
  4. Prosecutor (district attorney or U.S. attorney)
  5. Bailiff (Sheriffs’ or Marshalls’ Deputies) without a Sheriff or a Marshal there can be no common law court because there would be no one to enforce the law (Constitution). The Sheriff and the Marshal has a duty to arrest any elected or appointed court officer if they violate the Peoples unalienable rights and this includes the Magistrate (Judge) and the prosecutor.

LAW v STATUTES

Laws are created by God (common law) and written in the hearts of all men thou shall not kill, thou shall not steal and simply put thou shall do no harm. Statutes are written by men to control society. Lawful statutes that become law are governed by two documents the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights. Constitutions are written and initiated by the People to give government limited but necessary powers. U.S. legislative power is limited to eighteen (18) powers see U.S. Constitution Article I Section 8, and Quo Warranto from We the People, filed in all 94 Federal District Courts, served upon all State and U.S. Governments reminding them of their limited powers. All state constitutions are restricted by the U.S. Constitution.

U.S. Constitution Article VI “This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding.”

“Rights” are defined generally as “powers of free action.” And the primal rights pertaining to men are undoubtedly enjoyed by human beings purely as such, being grounded in personality and existing antecedently to their recognition by positive law. Being free is to be not subject to legal constraint of another. Being unconstrained is having power to follow the dictates of one’s own will; not subject to the dominion of another; not compelled to involuntary servitude as opposed to “slave.” [Black’s Law 4th edition]

“Rights are not a crime; the claim and exercise of a constitution right cannot be converted into a crime.” [Miller v. U.S. 230 F 486 at 489].

There can be no sanction or penalty imposed upon one because of his exercise of Constitution rights.” [Sherar vs. Cullen 481 F 2D 946, (1973)].

We find it intolerable that one constitutional right should have to be surrendered in order to assert another.” [Simmons vs. U.S. 390, U.S. 389(1968)].

The claim and exercise of a constitution right cannot be converted into a crime.” [Miller v. U.S. 230 F 486 at 489].

“Where rights secured by the Constitution are involved, there can be no rule making or legislation which would abrogate them” [Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436, 491]

Governments use statutes to control the will of society and the individuals. This kind of statutory control dates back to Babylon and as a government ratchets down the control of the People, they become more and more authoritarian, whereas egotistical power hungry people fill the positions, that lord over the People to the point that just challenging these People will find them in jail, whether they are guilty of a crime or not. A Society will be as just as its courts. The American People do not need government to control their will and punish ttheir every action, thats what totalitarian governments do.

Under common law We the People are responsible for our own actions, this is written in the hearts of men and if we injure another just courts require restitution not punishment, whereas crimes often require both restitution and punishment that actually restores people back into society. Clearly our out of control judiciary does not, will not and cannot accomplish this goal because they rule by status quo, statutes and vindictiveness and not just laws. The following videos prove the point.

John Stossel Spontaneous Order

Traffic control the road to nowhere
v
Spontaneous Order

OREGON – GROUND ZERO — Malheur Wildlife Refuge Update

NEWS – FEDERAL COURT FILINGS – The line in the sand

DOCUMENTS

The following documents can and will restore America to the America our founding fathers envisioned if We the People and our Sheriffs work together to restore Law and Order again. Thomas Jefferson said: “If a People expect to be ignorant and free; they expect what never was and never will be.”

More powerful documents

Great Quotes by Great men.

NLA Papers

We offer a FREE CIVICS COURSE for all our members all Grand Jury Adminstrators are requied to take the course before serving the People and their Juries. We welcome all Sheriffs, their deputies and other elected servants to take our free course. Our 120 hour course covers American History, Constitution, Common Law lectures and how America lost her way.

ATTENTION SHERIFFS: For free Constitutional and Sheriffs pocket handbooks simply send an email to us@uclgj.org Please include your title, name, address and how many handbooks for yourself and deputies we should send.

AUTHORITY

Constitution for the United States of America

“The tax which will be paid for education is not more than the thousandth part of what will be paid to kings, priests andnobleswhowillriseupifweleavethepeopletoignorance.”– Thomas Jefferson

“I know no safe depositary of the ultimate powers of the society but the people themselves; and, if we think them not enlightened enough to exercise their control with a wholesome discretion, the remedy is not to take it from them, but to inform their discretion by education. This is the true corrective of abuses of constitutional power.” –  Thomas Jefferson

AUTHORITY

FIRST PRINCIPLES DUE PROCESS

The County Sheriff and the U.S. Marshal are not in office to serve government servants they are there to serve the People by guarding against government abuse. They are to make sure that the accused receive Due Process. If the County Sheriff and the U.S. Marshal do not understand Due Process they are to forthwith learn or resign.

The County Sheriff and the U.S. Marshal are to make sure that no warrant is executed without a sworn affidavit and a wet ink signature of a judge without which it is no warrant and cannot be executed. The County Sheriff and the U.S. Marshal are to receive no prisoners that have not been indicted by a Common Law Grand Jury.

Amendment V No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury

The County Sheriff and the U.S. Marshal are to make sure that Habeas Corpus is obeyed and if the court and or witnesses fail to respond it is the duty of the County Sheriff and or the U.S. Marshal to release the prisoner(s) immediately.

U.S. Constitution Article I Section 9 Clause 2 The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended

Due course of law, this phrase is synonymous with due process of law or law of the land and means law in its regular course of administration through courts of justice.” – Kansas Pac. Ry. Co. v. Dunmeyer 19 KAN 542

Amendment V of the Constitution of the United States provides: No person shall—be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law. A similar provision exists in all the state constitutions; the phrases due course of law, and the law of the land are sometimes used; but all three of these phrases have the same meaning and that applies conformity with the ancient and customary laws of the English people or laws indicated by parliament.Davidson V. New Orleans 96 U.S. 97, 24, L Ed 616

Law  in  its regular  course of  administration through  courts  of  justice is  due process.Leeper vs.

Texas, 139, U.S. 462, II SUP CT. 577, 35 L ED 225

 

The Due Process Clause has its origin in Magna Carta. As originally drafted, the Great Charter provided that “[n]o freeman shall be taken, or imprisoned, or be disseised of his freehold, or liberties, or free customs, or be outlawed, or exiled, or any otherwise destroyed; nor will we not pass upon him, nor condemn him, but by lawful judgment of his peers, or by the law of the land.” MagnaCarta, ch. 29, in 1 E. Coke, The Second Part of the Institutes of the Laws of England 45 (1797)KERRY v. DIN Decided June 15, 2015


The Simplicity of Law

Statutes that control men places men under the rule of other men and thereby enslave them. Common Law places men under the rule of the Governor of the Universe, who thereby rules over them. And the Governor of the Universe established His bench which is the Jury who is to judge under his principles.

Men must be governed by God or they will be ruled by tyrants.William Penn

 

There are two Common Law principles (maxims) which state that (1) for there to be a crime there must be a victim (corpus delecti). In the absence of a victim there can be no crime, and (2) there must be a remedy for every injury.

… In the third volume of his Commentaries, page 23, Blackstone states two cases in which a remedy is afforded by mere operation of law. “In all other cases,” he says, it is a general and indisputable rule that where there is a legal right, there is also a legal remedy by suit or action at law whenever that right is invaded. And afterwards, page 109 of the same volume, he says, I am next to consider such injuries as are cognizable by the Courts of common law. And herein I shall for the present only remark that all possible injuries whatsoever that did not fall within the exclusive cognizance of either the ecclesiastical, military, or maritime tribunals are, for that very reason, within the cognizance of the common law courts of justice, for it is a settled and invariable principle in the laws of England that every right, when withheld, must have a remedy, and every injury its proper redress…” 5 U.S. 137,

Marbury v. Madison

 

Corpus delicti. The body of a crime. The body (material substance) upon which a crime has been committed, e. g., the corpse of a murdered man, the charred remains of a house burned down. In a derivative sense, the substance or foundation of a crime; the substantial fact that a crime has been committed.People v. Dick, 37 Cal. 281

For a crime to exist there must be an injured party. There can be no sanction or penalty imposed  upon one because of this exercise of Constitutional rights.” Sherar v. Cullen, 481 F. 945

COMMON LAW IS THE LAW OF THE LAND

America was built upon God’s Law which is called “Natural Law” or “Common Law”. AT LAW, Blacks 4th: This phrase is used to point out that a thing is to be done according to the course of the common law; it is distinguished from a proceeding in equity.

 

THE LAWS OF NATURE AND OF NATURES GOD When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them … We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. Declaration of Independence

U.S. Constitution Article III Section 2: The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law

 

The common law is the real law, the Supreme Law of the land, the code, rules, regulations, policy and statutes are “not the law.” Self v. Rhay, 61 Wn (2d) 261

Common law as distinguished from law created by the enactment of legislatures, the common law comprises the body of those principles and rules of action, relating to the government and security of persons and property, which derive their authority solely from usages and customs of immemorial antiquity, or from the judgments and decrees of the courts recognizing, affirming, and enforcing such usages and customs; and, in this sense, particularly the ancient unwritten law of England.” 1 Kent, Comm. 492 Western Union Tel. Co. v. Call Pub. Co., 21 S.Ct. 561, 181 U.S. 92, 45 L.Ed. 765; Barry

  1. Port Jervis, 72 N.Y.S. 104, 64 App. Div. 268; U. S. v. Miller, D.C.Wash., 236 F. 798, 800.

 

As to the construction, with reference to Common Law, an important cannon of construction is that constitutions must be construed to reference to the Common Law.” The Common Law, so permitted destruction of the abatement of nuisances by summary proceedings and it was never supposed that a constitutional provision was intended to interfere with this established principle and although there is no common law of the United States in a sense of a national customary law as distinguished from the common law of England, adopted in the several states. In interpreting the Federal Constitution, recourse may still be had to the aid of the Common Law of England. It has been said that without reference to the common law, the language of the Federal Constitution could not be understood.” 16Am Jur 2d., Sec. 114

  • Constitution Article VI Clause 2: This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary

THE FOUNDATION OF GODS LAW is found in Mathew 22:35-40– “Then one of them, which was a lawyer, asked him a question, tempting him, and saying, Master, which is the great commandment in the law? Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

 

We the People empowered the Legislative Branch to write codes and statutes to control money, commerce, naturalization, bankruptcies, counterfeiting, law of the sea, etc. U.S. Constitution Article I Section 6 and 9. We the People did “NOT” give Congress power to write codes and statutes to  control the behavior of We the People. We the People are the master Congress are our servants. To legislate We the Peoples’ behavior is to rule over the People, servants do not rule over the People.

The BAR teaches lawyers that the Common Law has been abrogated and lawyers advise all elected servants that the Common Law has been abrogated and that is advocating the overthrow the “Law of the Land” which is the overthrow of the United States of America in violation of 18 USC §2385 Advocating overthrow of Government: Whoever knowingly or willfully advocates, abets, advises,  or teaches the duty, necessity, desirability, or propriety of overthrowing or destroying the government of the United States or the government of any State, Territory, District or Possession thereof

 

THE COUNTY SHERIFF

 

COUNTY SHERIFF conservator of the peace — The County Sheriff is a Constitutional Officer; elected by the People; and, bound by oath as guardian of the Peoples’ unalienable rights secured by the

 

Constitution. The Constitution for the United States of America and its capstone Bill of Rights is the “Law of the Land”; and, all statutes and state constitutions repugnant to the Constitution for the United States of America are null and void. If the Sheriff lacks a full understanding of the Constitution which is “Common Law”, it  would stand to reason that he is vulnerable to violation of his oath in that he may not recognize and comprehend when judges and politicians   violate   the   Common   Law;   thus,   making     himself

technically guilty of treason.

 

THE DUTIES, RESPONSIBILITIES AND AUTHORITIES OF THE SHERIFF CANNOT BE DIMINISHED by those

in the legislature and courts; nor can it be diminished by any state constitution. When it comes to enforcing the Law, which is to say enforcing the Constitution for the United States of America, the Sheriff, being the “Chief Law Enforcement Officer”, answers to We the People; no one else, not even the Governor; like any other elected official, the Sheriff cannot be removed from office by another elected official. He can only be removed by the People at the ballot box; or, by recall; or, by indictment by the Grand Jury.

The United States Supreme Court said: “The Sheriff is the ‘Chief Executive  and  Administrative Officer’ of a county, chosen by popular election. His principal duties are in aid of the criminal and civil courts of record [Common Law Courts] such as serving process, summoning juries, executing judgments, holding judicial sales and the like. He is also the ‘Chief Conservator of the Peace’ within his territorial jurisdiction.”

The Sheriff, being the Chief Law Enforcement Officer and the highest Peace Officer of the entire County in which he was elected, is under the obligation to secure the peace; he answers to the People alone – unlike the State Police, who are code enforcement officers, serving the state and answering to the governor; and, unlike city, town or village police, who are also code enforcement officers serving the corporate municipalities, answering to commissioners or mayors. All these officers have a conflict of interest because they have no constitutional authority or concerns; they serve the system of codes and statutes instead of upholding the Constitution and serving the People; whereas, the Sheriff reports directly to the People, not the corporate municipalities; the duties, responsibilities and authorities of the County Sheriff, as a Constitutional Officer, are, at a minimum, the same as they were when the State Constitutions were originally written.

When a Sheriff or a U.S. Marshall consults a BAR judge, a BAR attorney or a bureaucrat to ask whether the judge, attorney or bureaucrat is acting outside of his authority, the Sheriff is doing something no different than consulting the fox as to whether the fox is raiding the hen house. If the Sheriff cannot ascertain whether a judge, or any other government servant, is abusing his powers, thereby violating the unalienable rights of the People, without asking that servant whether he is doing so, how can the Sheriff perform his duty? If a politician, judge or prosecutor violates the Constitution, it is the duty of the Sheriff and the U.S. Marshall to call the Grand Jury and ask the People for an Indictment. This is the Sheriff’s responsibility. Were the Sheriff to seek “permission” of a prosecutor  or judge for an arrest of a politician, judge or prosecutor whom the Sheriff finds in violation of the Constitution, the Sheriff would be disempowering his own authority; he would be functioning as a tool to the very ones violating the Constitution; he would, thereby, be violating his own oath. Obviously then, no politician can come between the Sheriff and the People. Regardless of what they have been taught, it is the duty of the Sheriff to seek an indictment, not the prosecutor. Prosecutors call the Grand Jury when the state has an issue; but, the Peoples’ business is the Sheriff’s business; and, it is the Sheriff’s duty to protect the People from those who would encroach upon their rights. Likewise, the courts were designed to exist for the purpose of serving and protecting the People from criminals and tyrants.

What the Sheriff needs to realize is that all states, cities, towns, and villages in America have been moving towards corporatism; that is to say they have corporate charters; and, that the police forces, such as State Police, City Police, Town Police and Village Police work for the corporation, not the People; they are hired by the corporate municipality to uphold codes, not the Constitution; they are code enforcement officers, not law enforcement officers; and, it is the duty of the Sheriff to know  when the People within his county are suffering violation of their unalienable rights by code enforcement officers; and, if he fails that duty, then that County is Lawless and the Sheriff is to blame.

The Sheriff works for and answers to the People alone. His sole duty is to protect the unalienable rights of the People within his County and within the courts against police brutality, tyrannical judges and abusive government agencies. Sheriffs rarely perform the duties that they were actually elected to exercise, because they are, unfortunately, constitutionally ignorant.

The Sheriff is to make sure that “Due Process of Law” is met before any arrest or seizure by police enforcement within his County; and, before any executions of judgments. Even a U.S. Marshal or other Federal Agent cannot execute a Warrant of any sort within a county without first notifying the Sheriff; and, it is the duty of the Sheriff to make sure “Due Process of Law” is met before allowing a Code Enforcement Officer, a U.S. Marshal or other Federal Agent to proceed. He is also duty bound to prevent SWAT team raids against, innocent under the law, code violators.

DUE PROCESS

Amendment V No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, … nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law;

 

ALL ARREST WARRANTS MUST:

1.)  have a “wet-ink signature of a judge”; and,

2.) have a “Sworn Affidavit” attached by a “witness” or “injured party”. If there is no injured party, there is no crime. The State can never be the injured party.

 

Few Internal Revenue Service Liens are lawful; and, yet, County Clerks, on a daily basis, file “Notices of Lien” in counties without proof of “Due Process”; and, Sheriffs execute them, becoming complicit in conspiracy under the “Color of Law” – a crime. In order for an IRS Lien to be lawful the following documents “must” be served:

  • There must be a warrant with a wet ink signature of a Judge, not a
  • An Affidavit of Proof of Claim, i.e., an IRS Form 4490;
  • An Affidavit of Proof of Fiduciary Relationship, i.e., an IRS Form 56

 

All of the above “must” accompany the “Notice of Lien” before the Clerk can file the Lien; and,  before the Sheriff can act upon such Lien.

All Federal or State Warrants “MUST” have the following:

 

  • Warrant must have a wet ink signature of a Judge, not a
  • There must be a sworn Affidavit by an accusing party accompanying the

 

Sheriffs “MUST” prevent the execution of any warrants served upon person or property by Federal, State, County, City, Town or Village code enforcement officers that do not meet the two requirements above. If there is no indictment the Sheriff can only hold the person for 48 hours after which they must be released. If the arrest with or without an indictment is challenged with a Habeas Corpus and the Party holding the person does not answer within three days the Sheriff “MUST” release the person. THIS IS DUE PROCESS. Rarely should a person be arrested for a crime before receiving an indictment, Sheriffs should use their common sense before permitting Federal and State arrests in his County without an indictment. All code violation arrests must show constitutional authority for the legislation of such codes. Any code violation that violates the unalienable right(s) of a person is null and void.

Amendment IV The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

There can be no sanction or penalty imposed upon one because of his exercise of constitutional rights.” Sherar v. Cullen, 481 F. 2d 946 (1973)

The claim and exercise of a Constitution right cannot be converted into a crime”… “a denial of them would be a denial of due process of law“. Simmons v. United States, 390 U.S. 377 (1968)

If the state does convert your right into a privilege and issue a license and a fee for it, you can ignore the license and a fee and engage the right with impunity.”  Shuttlesworth

v. Birmingham AI. 373 US 262:(1962)

 

All town, city and village courts are administrative courts; they are not adhering to the “Law of the Land”, i.e., the Constitution; and, therefore, they have “no power” to fine or incarcerate; therefore,

 

every time a County Sheriff receives a prisoner from these courts, the Sheriff becomes complicit in conspiracy under the “Color of Law” – a crime.

When a judge violates the right of a People to Due Process in court; and, the Sheriff does nothing, the Sheriff becomes complicit in conspiracy under the “Color of Law” – a crime.

When the Sheriff seeks the consent of a prosecutor before arresting a judge, the Sheriff transfers his duty to the prosecutor; the Sheriff violates his oath – a crime. When the Sheriff witnesses, or receives a Sworn Affidavit that a judge is violating the unalienable rights of a People, the Sheriff is required by his oath to arrest the judge; and, if a prosecutor tries to commit “Felony Rescue” by dismissing the case, the Sheriff is required by his oath to arrest the prosecutor as well. The Sheriff is well served by first calling forth a “Grand Jury” to seek an “Indictment”; should the Grand Jury then issue an Indictment the Sheriff is required by his oath to arrest the judge. History recalls that the Grand Jury  was normally called by the Sheriff or Coroner; rarely by the prosecutor. The Sheriff can call the Grand Jury at will; and, as often as he wills; and, he should in order to secure an indictment upon which to base an arrest. Since legislative provisions were made for the prosecutor to call for the Grand Jury overtime the State monopolized on the calling of the Grand Jury and overtime the State morphed into the “injured party” in the name of the People, resulting today in the absence of restitution to the real “injured party”; and thereby removing the common law maxim “there must be a remedy for every injury”.

The Sheriff can arrest any Federal Agent or Police officer whom he finds violating the unalienable rights of a People. The Sheriff can arrest the Governor or any elected or appointed official whom he finds violating the unalienable rights of a People. If the Sheriff feels more comfortable seeking an indictment before an arrest, he should do so.

The Sheriff’s “Rule of Thumb” when it comes to knowing the authority of a Judge, should be “American Jurisprudence”; any Judge acting outside of jurisprudence should be arrested for violating the unalienable rights of their victim.

CONSTITUTIONAL OFFICER V. CODE ENFORCEMENT OFFICER: The principal challenge for the Sheriff is embodied in code enforcement officers. Codes and statutes that attempt to control the behavior of People are repugnant to the Constitution; and, are, therefore, null and void. Of course We the People, through our Constitution, vested our Legislatures, at both the Federal and State level, to write statutes; but, not statutes that violate our unalienable rights. Our Constitution never vested County, City, Township or Village Legislatures with statute-writing powers. The Sheriff has a duty to uphold the Constitution. The dilemma of the Sheriff, then, in order to obey the United States Supreme Court rulings, and the United States Constitution to uphold his oath; is that he must first understand the Constitution; and, that is the purpose of this course.

Does the Sheriff have the fortitude to keep his oath to uphold the Common Law? Will he betray his oath; and, therefore, the People who have entrusted him as their Constitutional law enforcer? Will he uphold the Common Law above the will of BAR-driven legislators, judges, prosecutors and their code enforcement officers, i.e. those who truly believe that statutes are above the Constitution?   Treasonous

 

BAR schools have been teaching codes and statutes as law for more than fifty (50) years. If we fail now to correct this error, America will be lost.

WE HAVE A REPUBLICAN FORM OF GOVERNMENT: A form of government guaranteed by The Constitution for the United States of America at Article IV, Section 4; which means we have a government that in mandated by our Constitution to obey the Rule of Law, which, in our case, is Common Law.

“The United States shall guarantee to every state in this union a republican form of government; and, shall protect each of them against invasion.” – U.S. Constitution Article IV Section 4

When an organization like the BAR advocates the overthrow of the Constitution, that is to say, the overthrow of Common Law, such organization is advocating the overthrow of our Government in violation of 18 USC §2385.

ADVOCATING OVERTHROW OF GOVERNMENT: “Whoever knowingly or willfully advocates, abets, advises or teaches the duty, necessity, desirability or propriety of overthrowing or destroying the government of the United States, or the government of any State, Territory, District or Possession thereof, or the government of any political subdivision therein, by force or violence, or by the assassination of any officer of any such government; or Whoever, with intent to cause the overthrow or destruction of any such government; prints, publishes, edits, issues, circulates, sells, distributes or publicly displays any written or printed matter advocating, advising or teaching the duty, necessity, desirability or propriety of overthrowing or destroying any government in the United States by force or violence; or attempts to do so…” – 18 USC §2385

WHEN A JUDGE VIOLATES THE CONSTITUTION; were the Sheriff to seek permission from a prosecutor to seek an indictment; were the prosecutor to fail to call forth a Grand Jury to seek such an indictment; and, were the Sheriff to acquiesce to this; the Sheriff would be disempowering his own authority; submitting to the will of the prosecutor; breaking his oath; becoming part of the conspiracy to cover up a crime; guilty of felony rescue – a crime. When a judge breaks the law, it is the duty of the sheriff to arrest the judge; and, go directly to the Grand Jury for an Indictment. It has only been recently, in the last fifty (50) years or so, that the Sheriff has been unlawfully told that he must first filter the crime through the BARtaught prosecutors who work for the state, not the People; and, who, almost always, refuse to bring a crime before the Grand Jury when a state official is involved. This is “exactly why” America is in a Constitutional crisis. Only by educating the Sheriff can We the People, working with the Sheriff, save America.

Another obstacle, a two-fold obstacle, that the Sheriff must recognize is the puppet Grand Jury and the puppet Trial jury. Because these juries are controlled by the foxes; which is to say they are controlled by judges and prosecutors; the jurors are given their guidelines upon which to deliberate by the all- controlling  BAR  prosecutor.  The Jurors  are instructed  in  the statutes;  told  they must  follow these

 

statutes as law; the BAR prosecutor in this way is trumping Common Law; which, of course, is “jury tampering” – a crime.

The ultimate dilemma for the Sheriff is: “What am I to do?” The solution is simple: take the case to the Common Law Grand Jury. Clearly, the Sheriff cannot take a case involving a judge, a prosecutor or a corporate pay-rolled official to the unlawful puppet jury; a jury controlled by the foxes. Lysander Spooner said:

Any government that is its own judge of; and, determines authoritatively for the people what are its own powers over the people; is an absolute government, of course. It has  all the powers that it chooses to exercise. There is no other; or, at least, no more accurate definition of despotism, than this. On the other hand, any people, that judge of, and determine authoritatively for the government, what are their own liberties against the government, of course, retain all the liberties they wish to enjoy. And this  is freedom. At least, it is freedom to them; because, although it may be theoretically imperfect, it, nevertheless, corresponds to their highest notions of freedom.” – Trial by Jury, 1852

We the People, across America, in every state of the union, are doing exactly that which we should have been doing all along. We were helped to discover these truths through a United States Supreme Court decision in which Justice Antonin Scalia, writing for the majority, made clear the Law of the Land when he said:

Because the Grand Jury is an institution separate from the courts, over whose functioning the courts do not preside, we think it clear that, as a general matter at   least, no such supervisory judicial authority exists; and, that the Disclosure Rule applied here exceeded the Tenth Circuit’s authority. [R]ooted in long centuries of Anglo-American history, the Grand Jury is mentioned in the Bill of Rights; but, not in the body of the Constitution. It has not been textually assigned, therefore, to any of the branches described in the first three Articles. It is a constitutional fixture in its own right. In fact, the whole theory of its function is that it belongs to no branch of the institutional government, serving as a kind of buffer or referee between the Government and the people. Although the Grand Jury normally operates, of course, in the courthouse and under judicial auspices, its institutional relationship with the judicial branch has traditionally been, so to speak, at arm’s length. Judges’ direct involvement in the functioning of the Grand Jury has generally been confined to the constitutive one of calling the grand jurors together and administering their oaths of office.” – U.S. v. Williams, 112 S.Ct. 1735 504 U.S. 36 118 L.Ed.2d 352, 1992

 

This is the authority by which We the People act; and, by which we come with a determination to put that fox back in its cage and save America. Now the Sheriff knows and the question before him is: “Are you going to continue feeding that fox; thereby participate in his treasonous acts against the People of  the  United  States  of  America; or,  will  you  develop  a  constitutional  back-bone through


education; and, join the People to bring law and order back into our courts; and, thereby back into  our government; and, save America?”

Clearly it takes fortitude for a People to step up, take control and do that which is right for God, country and posterity. This is the Sheriff’s duty. This is the moment in time and history that will define integrity or lack thereof. We the People under the Unified United States Common Law Grand Jury have tolerated the inaction of our Sheriffs because we understand, having once been without understanding of the Constitution ourselves. We have awakened to the hard reality; we have decided to do that which is just for ourselves and for our posterity. Now our Sheriffs know! The choices are: 1.) step up and enforce the law of the land; 2.) resign; or, 3.) prepare to face the Grand Jury for treason. The due time is upon us.

The Constitution for the United States of America is a Common Law document which demands obedience to the Common Law.

This Constitution and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and, all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and, the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding.” – U.S. Constitution Article VI Clause 2

Therefore, when there is a conflict between the Law of the Land and the statutes of the corporate charters, the Constitution must prevail. Only those statutes, for which We the People have given our consent for legislators to write, are law; law consistent with the Constitution. Our Sheriffs have now embarked upon the Constitutional Course of “Law 101”; yet, it does not get any more difficult than this.

A sheriff well trained in constitutional (law) enforcement can uphold the Constitution. The Sheriff and his deputies have been trained in the law of statute and code enforcement, in technique and self- defense. Now it is the sheriff’s responsibility to make sure that he and his deputies are well trained in the Constitution for the United States of America so they can serve the People. Were any of his deputies to violate the Constitution, even unknowingly, the sheriff would bear the guilt and the responsibility complicit with his deputies.

The sheriff is responsible for his entire county, including the court and the jail. Wherever legislators, past or present, have removed the Duties of the Constitutional Sheriff; claiming to have entrusted them to code enforcement officers; the People can be sure that the Common Law of our Constitution is not being applied in our courts, in our jails or in our counties; for the very nature of the system of code enforcement serves the corporate government charters, not the People.

THE DUTY OF THE SHERIFF IN THE COURTS: Bailiffs “must be deputies of the sheriff”; trained to understand their duties. They must be approachable by the People in order that the People may report constitutional violations within the court. Bailiffs must have the fortitude to remove a judge from the bench were the judge to violate the unalienable right of a People. Unalienable rights are God-

 

given; cannot be trumped by legislators. Where there is a conflict between a statute of a legislature and the Common Law, the Constitutional Common Law must prevail. A few of the many United States Supreme Court rulings that follow are offered here for the empowerment of the Sheriff; that the Sheriff may enforce the law; that in thus honoring his oath to the Constitution, the People and the Law of the Land, the Common Law Grand Juries will rise up in full support of him.

Law of the Land”, “Due Course of Law” and “Due Process of Law” are synonymous.

– People v. Skinner, Cal., 110 P.2d 41, 45; State v. Rossi, 71 R.I. 284, 43 A.2d 323,

326; Direct Plumbing Supply Co. v. City of Dayton, 138 Ohio St. 540, 38 N.E.2d 70,

72, 137 A.L.R.1058; Stoner v. Higginson, 316Pa.481, 175A. 527, 531

 

All laws, rules and practices, which are repugnant to the Constitution, are null and void– Marbury v. Madison, 5th U.S. (2 Cranch) 137, 180

The general rule is that an unconstitutional statute, though having the form and name of law, is in reality no law; but, is wholly void and ineffective for any purpose, since its unconstitutionality dates from the time of its enactment… In legal contemplation, it is as inoperative as if it had never been passed… Since an unconstitutional law is void, the general principles follow that it imposes no duties, confers no right, creates no office, bestows no power or authority on anyone, affords no protection and justifies no acts performed under it… A void act cannot be legally consistent with a valid one. An unconstitutional law cannot operate to supersede any existing law. Indeed, insofar as a statute runs counter to the fundamental law of the land, (the Constitution), it is superseded thereby. No one is bound to obey an unconstitutional law; and, no courts  are bound to enforce it.” – Bonnett v. Vallier, 116 N.W. 885, 136 Wis. 193 (1908);

Norton v. Shelby County, 118 U.S. 425 (1886)

 

“…every man is independent of all laws, except those prescribed by nature. He is not bound by any institutions formed by his fellowman without his consent.” – Cruden v. Neale, 2 N.C. 338 (1796) 2 S.E.

Under our system of government, upon the individuality and intelligence of the citizen, the state does not claim to control him/her, except as [to] his/her conduct to[wards] others, leaving him/her the sole judge as to all that affects himself/herself.” – Mugler v.

Kansas 123 U.S. 623, 659-60

 

Statutes that violate the plain and obvious principles of common right and common reason are null and void.” – Bennett v. Boggs, 1 Baldw 60

The assertion of federal rights, when plainly and reasonably made, is not to be defeated under the name of local practice.” – Davis v. Wechsler, 263 US22, at 24.

A State may not impose a charge for the enjoyment of a right granted by the Federal Constitution.” – Murdock v. Pennsylvania, 319 U.S. 105, at 113


JURISDICTION OF THE COURTS: Courts today are de facto, operating contrary to Common Law; under the rules of chancery, not common law. Bailiffs, being deputies of the sheriff, trained to understand their duties, must ensure that courts operate according to law.

 

There are only two (2) courts that We the People have ordained to operate within America under the Constitution; called law and equity; as we read:

“The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority; U.S. Constitution Article III Section 2

COURTS OF EQUITY: Have Jurisdiction where Judges hear and decide commercial/contract cases and other disputes; where there exists one jurist called the judge who is bound by the Article VI Law of the Land. Cases ruled upon in Equity Courts can be appealed to higher courts.

COURTS OF LAW: Have Jurisdiction where juries, i.e., a tribunal, hears and decides “all” criminal cases, commercial/contract cases and other disputes; all Criminal Courts are called Courts of Record; they are to proceed under Common Law. In a trial by jury, the judge is to act as administrator and can make “no Rulings”; were he to make a ruling, he would be acting under the “Color of Law” – a crime. The Constitution calls this “bad behavior” (not adhering to the Constitution); such a judge should be immediately removed from the Bench by the Bailiff; and, brought before the Grand Jury for Indictment.

“In suits at Common Law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars

$20.00, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved; and, no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise reexamined in any Court of the United States than according to the rules of the Common Law.– Bill of Rights Amendment VII

“The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behavior” – U.S. Constitution Article III Section 1

The requirements for a criminal case to proceed are as follows:

 

  • THERE MUST BE AN INJURED PARTY: Corpus delecti; The body of a crime; The body (material substance) upon which a crime has been committed, e. g., the corpse of a murdered man; the charred remains of a house burned down. In a derivative sense, the substance or foundation of a crime; the substantial fact that a crime has been committed.” – People v. Dick, 37 281

“For a crime to exist, there must be an injured party. There can be no sanction or penalty imposed upon one because of this exercise of Constitutional rights.” –    Sherar

v. Cullen, 481 F. 945

 

  • THERE MUST BE AN INDICTMENT BY AN “UNFETTERED” GRAND JURY: This means a Grand Jury that is not controlled by a judge or a prosecutor. If there is no indictment, a person cannot be “held” to answer:

 

“No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, [a crime that requires a prison sentence] unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury.

– U.S. Constitution Amendment V

 

  • ALL DECISIONS IN A COURT OF RECORD ARE BY THE JURY ALONE: Called a tribunal, without any interference from a judge. The definition of a court of record is: “A judicial tribunal having attributes and exercising functions independently of the person of the magistrate [judge] designated generally to hold it; proceeding according to the course of Common Law; its acts and judicial proceedings are enrolled, or recorded, for a perpetual memory and testimony; has power to fine or imprison for contempt; generally possesses a seal.” – Jones v. Jones, 188 Mo.App. 220, 175 S.W. 227, 229; Ex parte Gladhill, 8 Metc. , 171, per Shaw, C.J. See, also, Ledwith v.

Rosalsky, 244 N.Y. 406, 155 N.E. 688, 689; Black’s Law Dictionary, 4th Ed., 425, 426.

JUDICIAL PROCESS – WARRANTS – THE BILL OF RIGHTS: Amendment V provides that no person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law as supported by the following U.S. Supreme Court rulings:

“…no man shall be deprived of his property without being heard in his own defense.”  

Kinney V. Beverly, 2 Hen. & M (VA) 381, 336

 

Amendment V of the Constitution for the United States provides that no person  shall

… be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law. A similar provision exists in all the state constitutions; the phrases ‘due course of law’, and ‘the law of the land’ are sometimes used; but, all three of these phrases have the same meaning; and, that applies conformity with the ancient and customary laws of the English people or laws indicated by parliament.” – Davidson V. New Orleans 96 U.S. 97, 24, L Ed 616

Therefore, no Warrant is to be executed by a Sheriff without a wet-ink signature of a judge; a rubber stamp or a clerk’s signature is not sufficient. No legal instrument has executional powers without a signature; and, must be accompanied with a Sworn Affidavit; this includes Federal Liens and IRS Liens. A Notice of Lien or Notice of Levy is not due process according to the Bill of Rights.

“The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects  against unreasonable searches and seizures shall not be violated; and, no Warrants shall issue but upon probable cause supported by Oath or affirmation; and, particularly describing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized.

– Amendment IV

 

HABEAS CORPUS – “THE GREAT WRIT OF LIBERTY”: In the early days, Habeas Corpus was not connected with the idea of Liberty. It was a useful device in the struggle for control between Common Law and Equity Courts. By the middle of the fifteenth century, the issue of Habeas Corpus, together with privilege, was a wellestablished way to remove a cause from an inferior court where the defendant could show some special connection with one of the central courts which entitled him to  have his case tried there. In the early seventeenth century The Five Knights’ Case involved the clash

 

between the Stuart claims of prerogative and the Common Law; and, was, in the words of one of the judges: “the greatest cause that I ever knew in this court.” Over the centuries the Writ became a viable bulwark between the powers of government and the rights of the people in both England and the United States.

 

In the United States Habeas Corpus exists in two forms: Common Law and statutory. The Constitution for the United States of America acknowledges the right of the Peoples to the Common Law of England as it was in 1789. What is that Common Law? It does not consist of absolute, fixed and inflexible rules; but, broad and comprehensive principles based on justice, reason and common sense… The Constitution for the United States of America mandates that “The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority…” Habeas Corpus is a case in law, i.e., proceeding according to the Common Law in a Court of Record; therefore, it is the Grand Jury as arbiter that shall be enforcer of the law; the first Grand Jury of twenty-five (25) free men, summoned itself and wrote the following:

 

“If any of our civil servants shall have transgressed against any of the people in any respect; and, they shall ask us to cause that error to be amended without delay; or, shall have broken some one of the articles of peace or security; and, their transgression shall have been shown to four (4) Jurors of the aforesaid twenty five (25); and, if those four

  • Jurors are unable to settle the transgression, they shall come to the twenty-five (25), showing to the Grand Jury the error which shall be enforced by the law of the land.– Magna Charta, June 15, A.D. 1215, 61

 

THE   CONSTITUTION   GUARANTEES   A   REPUBLICAN   FORM   OF   GOVERNMENT:   Protecting   such

Republic against all violence, foreign and domestic violence. Thus, were a judge to enforce anything outside of his authority under the color of law, “Judicial Immunity” would be lost; it would be nothing less than lawless violence. Likewise, legislative jurisdiction not authorized by the United  States Constitution is as inoperative as though it had never been passed; and a judge that would  proceed without jurisdiction, would be indictable for treason; judges are expected to know the law. – The Constitution for the United States of America Article IV Section 4:

COLOR OF LAW: “The appearance or semblance, without the substance, of  legal right.” Black’s Law 4th; State v. Brechler, 185 Wis. 599, 202 N.W. 144, 148

“Misuse of power; possessed by virtue of state law; and, made possible only because  the wrongdoer is clothed with authority of state; is action taken under the ‘color of state law’.” – Atkins v. Lanning, 415 F. Supp. 186, 188

“When a judge knows that he lacks jurisdiction; or, acts in the face of clearly valid statutes expressly depriving him of jurisdiction; judicial immunity is lost.” –Rankin v. Howard, (1980) 633 F.2d 844, cert. den. Zeller v. Rankin, 101 S.Ct. 2020, 451   U.S.

939, 68 L.Ed 2d 326


“No judicial process, whatever form it may assume, can have any lawful authority outside of the limits of the jurisdiction of the court or judge by whom it is issued; and, an attempt to enforce it beyond these boundaries, is nothing less than lawless violence.”

– Ableman v. Booth, 21 Howard 506 (1859)

 

“An unconstitutional act is not law; it confers no right; it imposes no duties; affords no protection; it creates no office; it is in legal contemplation as inoperative as though it had never been passed.” – Norton v. Shelby County 118 US 425 p. 442

“We (judges) have no more right to decline the exercise of jurisdiction which is given, than to usurp that which is not given. The one or the other would be treason to the Constitution.” – Cohen v. Virginia, (1821), 6 Wheat. 264; U.S. v. Will, 449 U.S. 200

No State can deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law; nor, deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. Any court that ignores due process is not a Common Law Court; such an action proves a court unlawful; and, consequently, has no legal authority over the petitioner without his consent.

CONFIRMATIO CARTARUM: “Sovereign People shall not be taken or imprisoned or disseised or outlawed or exiled or anywise destroyed … but by lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land.” – Magna Charta Chapter 39.

“No person shall be… deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law.”

 

DUE COURSE OF LAW: “This phrase is synonymous with ‘Due Process of Law’ or ‘Law of the Land’; and, means law in its regular course of administration through courts of justice.” [Court of Record] – Kansas Pac. Ry. Co. v. Dunmeyer 19 KAN 542.

“Law in its regular course of administration through courts of justice [Court of Record]

is due process.” – Leeper v. Texas, 139, U.S. 462, II SUP CT. 577, 35 L ED 225

 

Some have argued that the People have relinquished sovereignty through various contractual devices in which rights were not expressly reserved. However, that cannot hold because rights are unalienable. The People retain all rights of sovereignty at all times. The exercise of sovereignty by the People is further clarified when one considers that the Constitutional government agencies have no genuine sovereign power of their own; but, must rely upon such authority as is granted by the People.

In the 1930s in New York, the Judiciary and the BAR pressed for a Constitutional Convention endeavoring to eliminate the unalienable right of Habeas Corpus, among other issues. The People were so concerned about the attack on their liberties that instead of abolishing Habeas Corpus, the people submitted in writing their overwhelmingly approval.

“The privilege of a Writ or Order of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended.” §4 Amended by Constitutional Convention of 1938; and, approved by vote of the people November 8, 1938.

 

When our founders debated the Constitution, they included Habeas Corpus as a remedy against evil: “The trial by jury in criminal cases, aided by the Habeas-Corpus Act, seems, therefore, to be alone concerned in the question. And, both of these are provided for, in the most ample manner, in the plan  of the convention.”… The creation of crimes after the commission of the fact, or, in other words, the subjecting of men to punishment for things which, when they were done, were breaches of no law, and, the practice of arbitrary imprisonments, have been, in all ages, the favorite and most formidable instruments of tyranny. The observations of the judicious Blackstone, in reference to the latter, are well worthy of recital: ‘To bereave a man of life,’ says he, ‘or, by violence to confiscate his estate without accusation or trial, would be so gross and notorious an act of despotism as must at once convey the alarm of tyranny throughout the whole nation; but, confinement of the person, by secretly hurrying him to jail, where his sufferings are unknown or forgotten, is a less public, a less striking, and, therefore, a more dangerous engine of arbitrary government.’ And, as a remedy for this fatal evil he is everywhere peculiarly emphatical in his encomiums on the Habeas-Corpus Act, which, in one place, he calls ‘the bulwark of the British Constitution.’” – Federalist Papers Nos. 83, 84, Hamilton to the People of the State of New York

“The privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended.– U.S. Constitution Article 1 Section 9 Clause 2

THE UNITED STATES CODE TITLE 28: acknowledges that it is not the responsibility of the petitioner to know by what claim or authority the state acts; but, that the petitioner may inquire as to the cause of the restraint by Habeas Corpus. “A court, justice or judge [tribunal] entertaining an application for a Writ of Habeas Corpus shall forthwith award the Writ or issue an Order directing the respondents to Show Cause why the Writ should not be granted.” – 28 USC §2243

 

“Application for a Writ of Habeas Corpus … shall allege the facts concerning the applicant’s commitment or detention; the name of the person who has custody over him; and, by virtue of what claim or authority, if known.” – 28 USC §2242

 

When the persons holding the prisoner neglect to answer said Habeas Corpus, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure activate; and, the prisoner must be released under the entry of Default. “When a party, against whom a judgment for affirmative relief is sought, has failed to plead or otherwise defend, as provided by these rules; and, that fact is made to appear by Affidavit or otherwise [under seal], the clerk shall enter the party’s Default.” – Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Rule 55

  • “Whoever willfully and unlawfully removes or conceals a proceeding filed or deposited with any clerk or officer of any court of the United States; or, in any public office; or, with any judicial or public officer of the United States, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than three (3) years, or ”
  • “Whoever, having the custody of any such proceeding, willfully and unlawfully conceals, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than three (3) years, or both; and, shall forfeit his office; and, be disqualified from holding any office under the United States.” – 18 USC 2071


Habeas Corpus is a judicial process, not open for debate. If the prisoner were not released, the party that continued to restrain the prisoner would become guilty of false imprisonment and kidnaping. The arrest of said perpetrators would be the appropriate action by the Sheriff; and, the said perpetrators would need to be brought before the Grand Jury for indictment.

COURT FILING: If a clerk were to refuse to file any legal document, the clerk would be committing a crime.

“Whoever, being a clerk of a District Court of the United States, willfully refuses or neglects to make or forward any report, certificate, statement or document as required by law, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one (1) year, or both.

– 18 USC §2076

 

If a clerk, judge or anyone were to conceal, remove or mutilate any document filed within the Court that person would be committing a crime; and, the Sheriff would be duty-bound to arrest him.

CONCEALMENT – REMOVAL – MUTILATION GENERALLY:

  • “Whoever willfully and unlawfully conceals, removes, mutilates, obliterates or destroys; or, attempts to do so; or, with intent to do so, takes and carries away any record, proceeding, map, book, paper, document or other thing; filed or “deposited” with any clerk or officer of any court of the United States; or, in any public office; or, with any judicial or public officer of the United States; shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than three (3) years, or ”
  • “Whoever, having the custody of any such record, proceeding, map, book, document, paper or other thing; willfully and unlawfully conceals, removes, mutilates, obliterates, falsifies or destroys the same; shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than three (3) years, or both; and, shall forfeit his office; and, be disqualified from holding any office under the United States. As used in this subsection, the term ‘office’ does not include the office held by any person as a retired officer of the Armed Forces of the United States.– 18 USC 2071

RIGHT TO COUNCIL BY NON-BAR MEMBERS: Often, in criminal courts, when people desire to speak for themselves; or, have “assistance of counsel” that are not BAR members; judges reject and resist any move in that direction. Judges continue to force BAR lawyers that are taught in their BAR schools to never bring Common Law into the courts. If they were to do so, the BAR judge and/or the BAR prosecutor would report them; and, they would lose their BAR license; and, be barred from the court. If the victim were to continue to resist, the judge might incarcerate the victim for “contempt”; or, order a “Competency Test”; and, then, the judge might force a BAR attorney on the victim; were the Sheriff and his deputies to fail to realize that the judge was violating the unalienable right of the victim, which right is protected by   the

6th Amendment; and, if the Sheriff were then to do nothing; the Sheriff would be complicit to

conspiracy – a crime.

 

“Right to have the Assistance of Counsel…” – Bill of Rights Amendment VI


“The practice of law cannot be licensed by any state.” – Schware v. Board of Examiners, United State Reports 353 U.S. pages 238, 239

“The practice of law is an occupation of common right.” – Sims v. Aherns, 271 SW 720 (1925)

“Litigants can be assisted by unlicensed laymen during judicial proceedings.” – Brotherhood of Trainmen v. Virginia ex rel. Virginia State Bar, 377; U.S. v. Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335; Argersinger v. Sheriff Hamlin 407 U.S. 425

AMERICA RUNS ON FICTION OF LAW: All attorneys and judges are BAR taught. Courts today operate under the rules of chancery; not the rules of Common Law. Our founding fathers rejected chancery; did not include it in the Constitution; it is in direct conflict with Common Law.

“The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this Constitution.– U.S. Constitution Article III Section 2

Therefore most of our courts are running on fiction; not on law.

 

FICTION OF LAW: Something known to be false is assumed to be true.” – Ryan v.

Motor Credit Co., 130 N.J. Eq. 531, 23 A.2d 607, 621

 

“…that statutes which would deprive a citizen of the rights of person or property without a regular trial according to the course and usage of common law, would not be the law of the land.” – Hoke v. Henderson, 15, N.C.15, 25 AM Dec 677

Our elected servants are out of control. America is operating under fiction of law. It is the duty of the Sheriff, working with the People if necessary, to protect the unalienable rights of the People by simply enforcing the laws as enumerated herein. Only then will America run on the Law again.

“If a nation expects to be ignorant and free in a state of civilization, it expects what never was and never will be.” – Thomas Jefferson

The Sheriff took an oath to uphold and defend the Constitution; but, to fulfill his oath; to uphold and defend the Constitution; the Sheriff must know the Constitution. The Sheriff needs to learn the Common Law; and, he needs to teach the Common Law to his deputies. Any Sheriff that would fail to do so, would be required to resign his position.

ONLY THE PEOPLE CAN SAVE AMERICA: AND, it is the Sheriff’s duty to lawfully protect and serve the People. Were the People to rise up together; were the People to stand against tyrants in our government; only then would the People be able to return to our former state under Common Law. Were the People to accomplish that noble feat, the whole mass of the People would first need to become well informed and well educated in the Law; for, the People have already, nearly lost America to fascism.

 

“Educate and inform the whole mass of the people… They are the only sure reliance for the preservation of our liberty.” – Thomas Jefferson

“I know no safe depositary of the ultimate powers of the society but the people themselves; and, if we think them not enlightened enough to exercise their control with  a wholesome discretion, the remedy is not to take it from them; but, to inform their discretion by education. This is the true corrective of abuses of constitutional power.”

Thomas Jefferson

 

“An enlightened citizenry is indispensable for the proper functioning of a republic. Self- government is not possible unless the citizens are educated sufficiently to enable them  to exercise oversight. It is therefore imperative that the nation see to it that a suitable education be provided for all its citizens.” – Thomas Jefferson

THE DUTY OF THE SHERIFF IN THE JAIL: The sheriff is responsible for the lawful implementation of the county correctional facility; and is, therefore, liable for any unlawful detention. Simply stated, an unlawful detention would be anyone held without a presentment or indictment by a grand jury; unless he were detained for a violent act; being held for indictment of a grand jury; and,

then, brought before a court of law to answer; this is the unalienable right of the Peoples; a right protected by the 5th Amendment.

“Law, in its regular course of administration through courts of justice, is due process.”

– Leeper v. Texas, 139, U.S. 462, II SUP CT. 577, 35 L ED 225

 

“By the Law of the Land is more clearly intended the general law; a law which hears before it condemns; which proceeds upon inquiry and renders judgment only after trial.” – Dartmouth College Case, 4Wheat, U.S. 518, 4 ED 629

“No person shall be held to answer for a … crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury… nor be deprived of life, liberty or property without ‘Due Process of Law’.” – Bill of Rights Amendment V

 

‘DUE COURSE OF LAW’: “this phrase is synonymous with ‘Due Process of Law’ or ‘Law of the Land’; and, means law in its regular course of administration through Courts of Justice.” – Kansas Pac. Ry. Co. v. Dunmeyer 19 KAN 542

All Federal and State Courts are to be Courts of Record. When declared by a State Constitution to be a Court of Record, a County Court, as well, would be a Court of Record; and, proceed according to the Common Law. All city, town and village courts are NOT courts of record; they proceed according to

statutes; not the Constitution; therefore, they violate due process; and, thus they have NO power to fine or incarcerate. There are a few exceptions: Whereas New York City courts, under the New York State Constitution, are Courts of Record; they, therefore, are to proceed according to the Common Law.

 

COURTS OF RECORD AND COURTS NOT OF RECORD: “The former, being those whose acts and judicial proceedings are enrolled or recorded for a perpetual memory and testimony; and, which have power to fine or imprison for contempt; Error lies to their judgments; and, they generally possess a seal. Courts NOT of record are those of

inferior dignity; which have NO power to fine or imprison; and, in which the proceedings are not enrolled or recorded.” – 3 Bl. Comm. 24; 3 Steph. Comm. 383; The Thomas Fletcher, C.C.Ga., 24 F. 481; Ex parte Thistleton, 52 Cal 225; Erwin v. U.S., D.C.Ga., 37 F. 488, 2 L.R.A. 229; Heininger v. Davis, 96 Ohio St. 205, 117

N.E. 229, 231

 

“The decisions of a Superior Court may only be challenged in a Court of Appeal. The decisions of an Inferior Court are subject to collateral attack. In other words, in a Superior Court, one may sue an Inferior Court directly, rather than resort to Appeal to an Appellate Court. A Decision of a Court of Record may not be appealed. It is  binding

on ALL other courts. However, no Statutory or Constitutional Court – whether it be an Appellate or a Supreme Court – can second guess the Judgment of a Court of Record … The judgment of a Court of Record, whose jurisdiction is final, is as conclusive on all the world as the Judgment of this court would be. It is as conclusive on this court as it is on other courts. It puts an end to inquiry concerning the fact, by deciding it.” Schneckloth v. Bustamonte, 412 U.S. 218, 255 (1973)

It is imperative that the Sheriff know the difference between a Court of record and a Court not of Record because a Court not of Record CANNOT incarcerate; THEREFORE, were a Sheriff to incarcerate someone held or tried in a Court not of Record, that Sheriff would be participating in the

violation the unalienable right of that person to the due process of law protected by the 4th  and 5th

Amendments – a crime.

 

“The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects  against unreasonable searches and seizures shall NOT be violated; and, NO Warrants shall issue but upon probable cause supported by Oath or Affirmation; and,  particularly describing the place to be searched; and, the persons or things to be seized.

– Bill of Rights Amendment IV

 

“No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury.– Bill of Rights Amendment V

We realize this is a major problem, considering that county jails are filled with people tried in Courts NOT of Record. Some of these people may be guilty of a crime; which is something We the People will have to ascertain; and, We the People, through grand juries and trial juries, WILL endeavor to solve this HUGE  problem as soon as we are able to access the courts. Nevertheless, the Sheriff

CANNOT continue to receive prisoners who were tried in Courts NOT of Record. Were the Sheriff to hold the belief that one of the accused was in fact guilty of a crime, he would need to bring the issue to

 

a Grand Jury for indictment; and, then, to be tried in a Court of Record. The U.S. Supreme Court rulings, which we now offer to more thoroughly education the Sheriff, were based on Common Law; and, thereby authenticate and substantiate this most important point.

RIGHT TO TRAVEL: “The right of the citizen to travel upon the public highways; and,  to transport his property thereon; either by carriage or by automobile; is not a mere privilege which a city may prohibit or permit at will; but, [is] a common right which he has under the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.– Thompson v. Smith, 154 SE 579

“Undoubtedly the right of locomotion; the right to remove from one place to another according to inclination; is an attribute of personal liberty; and, the right, ordinarily, of free transit from or through the territory of any State is a right secured by the l4th Amendment; and, by other provisions of the Constitution.” – Schactman v. Dulles,   96

App D.C. 287, 293

 

“The claim and exercise of a constitutional right CANNOT be converted into a  crime.”

– Miller v. U.S. 230 F 486 at 489

 

“There can be NO sanction or penalty imposed upon one because of his exercise of Constitutional rights.” – Sherar v. Cullen 481 F 2D 946, (1973)

“We find it intolerable that one constitutional right should have to be surrendered in order to assert another.” – Simmons v. U.S. 390, U.S. 389 (1968)

 

“Where rights secured by the Constitution are involved, there can be NO rule-making  or legislation which would abrogate them.” – Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436, 491

RIGHT TO KEEP AND BEAR ARMS: “The right of the people to keep and bear Arms shall not be infringed. – Bill of Rights Amendment II

“The general rule is that an unconstitutional statute, though having the form and name of law, is in reality no law; but, is wholly void and ineffective for any purpose, since its unconstitutionality dates from the time of its enactment… In legal contemplation, it is as inoperative as if it had never been passed… Since an unconstitutional law is void, the

general principles follow that it imposes NO duties, confers NO right, creates NO office, bestows NO power or authority on anyone, affords NO protection and justifies NO acts performed under it… A void act cannot be legally consistent with a valid one. An

unconstitutional law cannot operate to supersede any existing law. Indeed insofar as   a

statute runs counter to the fundamental law of the land, (the Constitution) it is superseded thereby. No one is bound to obey an unconstitutional law; and, NO courts are bound to enforce it.” – Bonnett v. Vallier, 116 N.W. 885, 136 Wis. 193 (1908);

Norton v. Shelby County, 118 U.S. 425 (1886)


“…every man is independent of all laws except those prescribed by nature. He is NOT bound by any institutions formed by his fellowman without his consent.” – Cruden v. Neale, 2 N.C. 338 (1796) 2 S.E.

“Under our system of government, upon the individuality and intelligence of the citizen, the state does NOT claim to control him/her except as his/her conduct to others; leaving him/her the sole judge as to all that affects himself/herself.” – Mugler v. Kansas 123 U.S. 623, 659-60

“Statutes that violate the plain and obvious principles of common right and common reason are null and void.” – Bennett v. Boggs, 1 Baldw 60

 

“The assertion of Federal rights, when plainly and reasonably made, is NOT to be defeated under the name of local practice.” – Davis v. Wechsler, 263 US 22 at 24

 

“A State may NOT impose a charge for the enjoyment of a right granted by the Federal Constitution.” – Murdock v. Pennsylvania, 319 U.S. 105, at 113

 

“The State CANNOT diminish rights of the people.” – Hertado v. California, 110 U.S. 516

 

“There can be NO sanction or penalty imposed upon one because of his exercise of Constitutional Rights.” – Sherar v. Cullen, 481 F. 2d 946 (1973)

those things which are considered as inalienable rights, which all citizens possess, cannot be licensed since those acts are NOT held to be a privilege.” – City of Chicago v. Collins, 51 N.E. 907, 910

“Constitutional ‘rights’ would be of little value if they could be indirectly denied.” – Gomillion v. Lightfoot, 364 U.S. 155 (1966), cited also in Smith v. Allwright, 321 U.S. 649.644

“We find it intolerable that one constitutional right should have to be surrendered in order to assert another.” – Simmons v. U.S. 390, U.S. 389 (1968)

 

“Where rights secured by the Constitution are involved, there can be NO rule-making  or legislation which would abrogate them.” – Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436, 491

“If the state converts a liberty into a privilege, the citizen can engage in the right with impunity.” – Shuttlesworth v. Birmingham, 373 USs 262

 

“Sovereignty itself is, of course, NOT subject to law, for it is the author and source of law; but, in our system, while sovereign powers are delegated to the agencies of government, sovereignty itself remains with the people by whom and for whom all government exists and acts; and, the law is the definition and limitation of power …


For, the very idea that man may be compelled to hold his life, or the means of living, or any material right essential to the enjoyment of life, at the mere will of another, seems  to be intolerable in any country where freedom prevails; as being the essence of slavery itself.” – Yick Wo v. Hopkins, 118 US 356, 370

THE DUTY OF THE SHERIFF IN THE COUNTY: The Sheriff, being Chief Executive and Administrative Officer; the Chief Law Enforcement Officer (CLEO) and Highest Peace Officer of the entire County in which he was elected, has the absolute authority to arrest even the Governor or a Judge; and, then to call the Grand Jury directly for an Indictment; a Sheriff need not get permission from the District Attorney.

The Sheriff also has the authority and duty to secure liberty and peace within his county; and, if necessary, call the Posse Comitatus to assist. The challenge of the Sheriff today is from forces within our federal government that are unlawfully moving toward Martial Law in an effort to disarm the American People; the only motive of Martial Law is control of a captured population. We the   People

have NOT given authority to the three (3) branches of Government to declare Martial Law; for, to have done so, would be self-destruction. Any attempt by Congress or the Executive to use military forces, foreign or domestic, against the People to bring them under Martial Law is an act of treason; war against the People; and, We the People will be dependent upon the Sheriff within each county to secure the peace by any means necessary; seeing that congress has been negligent in providing for the Militia.

Therefore, in times of emergency, the “only” Constitutional Authority to keep the peace during an invasion is the Posse Comitatus.

Whereas: the Sheriff is to call upon We the People of the county to secure the peace. Federal Agents and Foreign Troops on State Soil would be repugnant to our Constitution; an act of “war”. – II Amendment

POSSE COMITATUS: “The power or force of the county; the entire population of a county above the age of fifteen (15); which a Sheriff may summon to his assistance in certain cases; as to aid him in keeping the peace, in pursuing and arresting felons, etc.”

– 1 Bl.Comm. 343; Com. v. Martin, 7 Pa. Dist. R. 224

 

“A well-regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a Free State, shall not be infringed.” – The Bill of Rights Amendment II

“To provide for organizing, arming and disciplining the militia; and, for governing  such part of them as may be employed in the service of the United States; reserving to the states respectively the appointment of the officers and the authority of training the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress.” – U.S. Constitution Section 8 paragraph 16


UNITED STATES MARSHAL: The power, authority and duty of a U.S. Marshal is similar to that of the County Sheriff in that he is a constitutional officer having the power and authority to arrest any judge who might violate the unalienable rights of the People. One (1) Marshal is appointed by the President for each of the ninety-four (94) Federal Districts. The powers of the Marshal are defined, by constitutional authority, under the Judiciary act of 1789. The Marshal serves for a term of four (4) years; takes an oath of office; has the power to appoint deputies; and, shall produce a bond.

The duties of the U.S. Marshal, similar to those of the Sheriff, are to attend the District and Circuit Courts; execute throughout the District those lawful precepts directed to him; deliver Writs; Summon jurors; secure an impartial Trial; execute Warrants; and fulfill the responsibility of retaining, delivering and transporting prisoners in his custody as directed by the Courts.

Once a Marshal is appointed, he can be removed from office only by the People in Grand Jury by an Indictment for bad behavior.

“The power of appointing the person nominated, are [is a] political power[s], to be exercised by the President according to his own discretion. When he has made an appointment, he has exercised his whole power; and, his discretion has been completely applied to the case… the appointment cannot be annihilated; and, consequently, if the officer is by law not removable at the will of the President, the rights he has acquired are protected by the law...Marbury v. Madison 5 U.S. 137 (1803); 5 U.S. 137 (Cranch) 1803

 

Marshals take an oath of office swearing to faithfully execute all “lawful precepts”; thereby remaining in “good behavior”, the Marshal is required to execute all the “lawful orders” of the Court. Marshals are Constitutional Judicial Officers; and, therefore, like the Sheriff, are required to execute the “Law of the Land1 and protect the “Due Process” of the People;2 were the Marshal to fail to do all that is required of him; without acting outside of those powers to which the People consent, he would put

himself in bad behavior; and, would then be subject to removal from office by the People by  Indictment from the Grand Jury.

When Federal SWAT Teams knock down doors in the middle of the night; terrify families; kill people; execute a violence so grave as to sometimes result even in the death of children and pets; all in the name of enforcing a Federal Lien; or; in retaliation of liberty group members whose noble interest is to restore the Constitution for the United States of America; but, in doing so pose a serious, even extinguishing threat to those Federal agencies and/or their agents that would violate the Law of the Land; it is the duty of the Marshal to prevent tyrannical abuse of power. Were the Marshal to allow this abuse he would be guilty of “felony rescue”; and, the Sheriff then would become dutybound to  arrest

 

 

1 U.S. Constitution Article VI. This Constitution and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof and all treaties made or which shall be made under the authority of the United States shall be the supreme law of the land; and, the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding.

2 Law of the Land”, “Due Course of Law” and “Due Process of Law” are synonymous. People v. Skinner, Cal., 110 P.2d 41, 45; State v. Rossi, 71 R.I. 284, 43 A.2d 323, 326; Direct Plumbing Supply Co. v. City of Dayton, 138 Ohio St. 540, 38 N.E.2d 70, 72, 137 A.L.R. 1058; Stoner v. Higginson, 316

Pa. 481, 175 A. 527, 531.

 

all parties complicit in the event. The Common Law Grand Jury is on highalert concerning such  abuse; and, will be seeking indictments across the nation.

The Marshal, like the Sheriff, is the guardian of the Constitution, thereby duty bound to protect the due process of anyone standing before the court; as much as duty bound to execute all the lawful orders of the Court. Due process requires a presentment or indictment of an impartial Grand Jury for all criminal cases.

“No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury except in cases arising in the land or naval forces or in the Militia when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor, shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor, shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself; nor, be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law; nor, shall private property be taken for public use without just compensation. – Amendment V

From the Bill of Rights and its Amendments, it is abundantly clear that the right to trial by a jury of one’s peers includes the fact that the jury would decide whether the Law upon which a People is brought to trial is itself a just Law and/or whether said Law should be applied in the case at hand; any interference with the prerogative of the jury in this most important aspect of due process would constitute “tampering with the jury”; and, would thereby constitute “denial of due process”. Were a judge or a prosecutor to address a jury in such manner as to persuade in the Law, the jury would no longer stand impartial; that judge and/or that prosecutor would be guilty of jury tampering – a crime.

“The constitutions of most of our states assert that all power is inherent in the people; that they may exercise it by themselves in all cases to which they think themselves competent; (as in electing their functionaries, executive and legislative; and, deciding, by a jury of themselves, both fact and law in all judiciary cases in which any fact is involved) or, they [the People] may ask [that the power of the People be exercised] by representatives, freely and equally chosen; that it is their right and duty to be, at all times, armed; [that the People have the right] to freedom of person; freedom of religion; freedom of property; and, freedom of the press.” – Thomas Jefferson, letter to John Cartwright; June 5, 1824

NULLIFICATION OF LAW: A series of resolutions prepared by Jefferson and adopted by the legislature of Kentucky in 1799; protested against the “Alien and Sedition Acts”, declared the laws within those Acts illegal; announced the strict constructionist theory of the Federal government; and, declared “nullification” to be “the rightful remedy”. – Kentucky Resolutions

 

THE LAWFUL PATH: The Sheriff is the last line of defense for the People. American Sheriffs must educate themselves with respect to all the duties enumerated in this course; all those duties enumerated in the Law of the Land; Sheriffs must work with People who are awakening all across America; Sheriffs must receive and ask for Indictments; they must enforce the Law; and, execute arrests. Only then can We save America from the tyrants that would destroy our American way of life; that would

 

replace our just, honorable and merciful Common Law, natural law, God’s law with despotic, tyrannical, abusive fiction. Whenever the Sheriff encounters dilemma or feels unsure with respect to the understanding or enforcement of his duties, We the People stand ready; the Sheriff can call upon the Jury Administrators who are yearning, laboring and praying to soon be seated in the Courts; and, until that glorious, victorious and liberating day, the Sheriff is invited to fax any and all concerns to the Unified United States Common Law Grand Jury at (888) 891-8977; We the People will always endeavor to answer concerns with the necessary and appropriate Constitutional Common  Law that  will empower both the Sheriff and the People; additionally, the Sheriff may, at any time deemed necessary or prudent, call together twenty five (25) people in his own county to serve as a Grand Jury; should the Sheriff feel adequate to the orientation of the Jury he may certainly accomplish that; should the Sheriff desire assistance, We the People stand ready to provide either the orientation itself or sufficient materials to help the Sheriff accomplish a successful orientation of the jurors. The fate of America literally rests upon the oath of the Sheriff; upon the fulfillment of that oath; and thereby upon the Sheriff doing the just thing, the honorable thing and the merciful thing.

 

 

THE SURETIES OF THE PEACE

In a stunning 6 to 3 decision, Justice Antonin Scalia, writing for the majority in the 1992 case United

States v. Williams, confirmed that:

 

“the American grand jury is neither part of the Judicial, Executive nor Legislative branch of government; but, instead belongs to the People; it is, in effect, a fourth  branch  of  government  ‘governed’  and  administered     to

directly by, and on behalf of, the American People; and, its authority emanates from the Bill of Rights.”

Justice Antonin Scalia, drawing from history and many Supreme Court rulings, went on to say:

 

“The grand jury is mentioned in the Bill of Rights but not in the body of the Constitution. It has not been textually assigned, therefore, to any of the branches described in the first three Articles. It is a constitutional fixture in its own right. In fact, the whole theory of its function is that it belongs to no branch of the institutional government, serving as a kind of buffer or referee between the Government and the people. The common law of the Fifth Amendment demands a traditional, functioning grand jury… It is in effect a fourth branch of government governed and administered to directly by, and on behalf of, the American people; and, its authority emanates from the Bill of Rights. The grand jury requires no authorization from its constituting court to initiate an investigation; and, in its day-to-day functioning, the grand jury generally operates without the interference of a presiding judge; and, deliberates in total secrecy. We have insisted that the grand jury remain ‘free to pursue its investigations  unhindered by external influence or supervision so long as it does not trench upon the


legitimate rights of any witness called before it.’ Recognizing this tradition of independence, we have said that the Fifth Amendment’s ‘constitutional guarantee presupposes an investigative body acting independently of either prosecuting attorney  or judge’.– United States v. Williams

The first grand jury of twenty-five (25) free men summoned itself and wrote the following:

 

“If any of our civil servants shall have transgressed against any of the people in any respect; and, they shall ask us to cause that error to be amended without delay; or, shall have broken some one of the articles of peace or security; and, their transgression shall have been shown to four ( 4) Jurors of the aforesaid twenty five (25); and, if those four

(4) Jurors are unable to settle the transgression they shall come to the twenty-five (25), showing to the Grand Jury the error which shall be enforced by the law of the land.” – Magna Charta, June 15, AD. 1215

 

 

 

And, it is under our own authority as sovereign People and therefore co-authors of the Magna Charta, connected in spirit and in fact, to remind our tyrannical servants that We the People, being the sureties of   the  peace,   authored   the  Declaration   of   Independence,   the  U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights that these tyrants hold in contempt; and, we intend to bring to remembrance the Preamble to the Declaration  of Independence that when government becomes destructive, We the People act correctively, whereas we read:

“That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter it… laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.” – Preamble

 

The governments of the United States belong to We the People, not these tyrants that fleece us daily  in our own courts over which they have seized control. Therefore, We the People have reconstituted the Common Law Grand Juries in all 3,134 Counties of the United States. We have organized all  Fifty

(50) States of our Union; and, have taken extraordinary steps to unify every State; and, We the People, presently many thousands strong in every State, have come together as the Unified United States Common Law Grand Jury to liberate America from the tyrants that have seized control of the reigns of our government; and, to bring them to justice.

Once we restore Justice in our courts, thereby restoring our union through law enforcement, the blessings of liberty will be secured once again. Meanwhile, we are educating the People through this Constitutional Course and our Civics Course as we form administrations composed of four (4) of the People in each County of the United States in order to provide for the orientation of juries, bring civics and constitutional studies back into our schools, perform as a conduit between the People and sitting Grand Juries; and, to act as the investigative body of the Grand Juries.

“I consider trial by jury as the only anchor yet devised by man, by which a government can be held to the principles of its constitution.” – Thomas Jefferson

AUTHORITY

John F. Kennedy 26th  President of the United States from 1961-1963 The President and the  Press

Before the American Newspaper Publishers’ Association in New York City on April 27, 1961.

 

Mr. Chairman, ladies and gentlemen:

 

I appreciate very much your generous invitation to be here tonight.

 

You bear heavy responsibilities these days; and, an article I read some time ago reminded me of how particularly heavily the burdens of present day events bear upon your profession.

 

You may remember that in 1851, the New York Herald Tribune, under the sponsorship and publishing of Horace Greeley, employed, as its London correspondent, an obscure journalist by the name of Karl Marx.

 

We are told that foreign correspondent Marx, stone broke; and, with a family ill and undernourished; constantly appealed to Greeley and Managing Editor Charles Dana for an increase in his munificent salary of $5.00 per installment; a salary which he and Engels ungratefully labeled as the “lousiest petty Bourgeois cheating”.

 

But, when all his financial appeals were refused, Marx looked around for other means of livelihood  and fame, eventually terminating his relationship with the Tribune and devoting his talents full time to the cause that would bequeath to the world the seeds of Leninism, Stalinism, revolution and the cold war.

 

If only this capitalistic New York newspaper had treated him more kindly; if only Marx had remained a foreign correspondent; history might have been different. And, I hope all publishers will bear this

 

lesson in mind the next time they receive a poverty-stricken appeal for a small increase in the expense account from an obscure newspaper.

 

I have selected as the title of my remarks tonight “The President and the Press”. Some may suggest  that this would be more naturally worded “The President Versus the Press”. But, those are not my sentiments tonight.

 

It is true, however, that when a well-known diplomat from another country demanded recently that our State Department repudiate certain newspaper attacks on his colleague, it was unnecessary for us to reply that this Administration was not responsible for the press, for the press had already made it clear that it was not responsible for this Administration.

 

Nevertheless, my purpose here tonight is not to deliver the usual assault on the so-called one-party press. On the contrary, in recent months I have rarely heard any complaints about political bias in the press except from a few Republicans. Nor is it my purpose tonight to discuss or defend the televising  of Presidential press conferences. I think it is highly beneficial to have some 20,000,000 Americans regularly sit in on these conferences to observe, if I may say so, the incisive, the intelligent and the courteous qualities displayed by your Washington correspondents.

 

Nor, finally, are these remarks intended to examine the proper degree of privacy which the press  should allow to any President and his family.

 

If in the last few months your White House reporters and photographers have been attending church services with regularity, that has surely done them no harm.

 

On the other hand, I realize that your staff and wire service photographers may be complaining that they do not enjoy the same green privileges at the local golf courses which they once did.

 

It is true that my predecessor did not object as I do to pictures of one’s golfing skill in action. But, neither, on the other hand, had he ever been a Secret Service man. My topic tonight is a more sober  one of concern to publishers as well as editors.

 

I want to talk about our common responsibilities in the face of a common danger. The events of recent weeks may have helped to illuminate that challenge for some: [Bay of Pigs – was a military attack on Cuba, without Administrative knowledge, until a request by CIA operative George Bush to the President for military air support, which JFK refused] but, the dimensions of its threat have loomed large on the horizon for many years. Whatever our hopes may be for the future for reducing this threat; or, for living with it there is no escaping either the gravity or the totality of its challenge to our survival; and, to our security – a challenge that confronts us in unaccustomed ways in every sphere of human activity.

 

This deadly challenge imposes upon our society two requirements of direct concern, both to the press and to the President two requirements that may seem almost contradictory in tone; but, which must be reconciled and fulfilled if we are to meet this national peril. I refer, first, to the need for far greater public information; and, second, to the need for far greater official secrecy.

 

The very word “secrecy” is repugnant in a free and open society; and, we are as a people inherently and historically opposed to secret societies, to secret oaths and to secret proceedings. We   decided

 

long ago that the dangers of excessive and unwarranted concealment of pertinent facts far outweighed the dangers which are cited to justify it. Even today, there is little value in opposing the threat of a closed society by imitating its arbitrary restrictions. Even today, there is little value in ensuring the survival of our nation if our traditions do not survive with it. And, there is very grave danger  that an announced need for increased security will be seized upon by those anxious to expand its meaning to the very limits of official censorship and concealment. That, I do not intend to permit to the extent that it is in my control. And, no official of my Administration, whether his rank is high or low, civilian or military, should interpret my words here tonight as an excuse to censor the news, to stifle dissent, to cover up our mistakes or to withhold from the press and the public the facts they deserve to know.

 

But, I do ask every publisher, every editor and every newsman in the nation to reexamine his  own standards; and, to recognize the nature of our country’s peril. In time of war, the government and the press have customarily joined in an effort, based largely on self-discipline, to prevent unauthorized disclosures to the enemy. In time of “clear and present danger”, the courts have held that even the privileged rights of the First Amendment must yield to the public’s need for national security.

 

Today no war has been declared; and, however fierce the struggle may be, it may never be declared in the traditional fashion. Our way of life is under attack. Those who make themselves our enemy are advancing around the globe. The survival of our friends is in danger. And, yet, no war has been declared, no borders have been crossed by marching troops, no missiles have been fired.

 

If the press is awaiting a declaration of war before it imposes the self-discipline of combat conditions, then I can only say that no war ever posed a greater threat to our security. If you are awaiting a finding of “clear and present danger”, then I can only say that the danger has never been more clear; and, its presence has never been more imminent.

 

It requires a change in outlook, a change in tactics, a change in missions; by the government, by the people, by every businessman or labor leader and by every newspaper. For we are opposed around the world by a monolithic and ruthless conspiracy that relies primarily on covert means for expanding its sphere of influence; on infiltration instead of invasion; on subversion instead of elections; on intimidation instead of free choice; on guerrillas by night instead of armies by day. It is a system which has conscripted vast human and material resources into the building of a tightly knit, highly efficient machine that combines military, diplomatic, intelligence, economic,  scientific and political operations.

 

Its preparations are concealed, not published; its mistakes are buried, not headlined; its dissenters are silenced, not praised. No expenditure is questioned; no rumor is printed; no secret is revealed. It conducts the Cold War, in short, with a war-time discipline no democracy would ever hope or wish to match.

 

Nevertheless, every democracy recognizes the necessary restraints of national security; and, the question remains whether those restraints need to be more strictly observed if we are to oppose this kind of attack as well as outright invasion.

 

For the facts of the matter are that this nation’s foes have openly boasted of acquiring, through our newspapers, information they would otherwise hire agents to acquire through theft, bribery or espionage; that details of this nation’s covert preparations to counter the enemy’s covert operations

 

have been available to every newspaper reader, friend and foe alike; that the size, the strength, the location and the nature of our forces and weapons; and, our plans and strategy for their use, have all been pinpointed in the press and other news media to a degree sufficient to satisfy any foreign power; and, that, in at least one case, the publication of details concerning a secret mechanism whereby satellites were followed required its alteration at the expense of considerable time and money.

 

The newspapers which printed these stories were loyal, patriotic, responsible and well-meaning. Had we been engaged in open warfare, they undoubtedly would not have published such items. But, in the absence of open warfare, they recognized only the tests of journalism and not the tests of national security. And, my question tonight is whether additional tests should not now be adopted.

 

That question is for you alone to answer. No public official should answer it for you. No governmental plan should impose its restraints against your will. But, I would be failing in my duty to the Nation, in considering all of the responsibilities that we now bear; and, all of the means at hand to meet those responsibilities; if I did not commend this problem to your attention; and, urge its thoughtful consideration.

 

On many earlier occasions, I have said; and, your newspapers have constantly said; that these are times that appeal to every citizen’s sense of sacrifice and self-discipline. They call out to every citizen to weigh his rights and comforts against his obligations to the common good. I cannot now believe that those citizens who serve in the newspaper business consider themselves exempt from that appeal.

 

I have no intention of establishing a new Office of War Information to govern the flow of news. I am not suggesting any new forms of censorship or new types of security classifications. I have no easy answer to the dilemma that I have posed; and, would not seek to impose it if I had one. But, I am  asking the members of the newspaper profession; and, the industry in this country; to reexamine their own responsibilities; to consider the degree and the nature of the present danger; and, to heed the duty of self-restraint which that danger imposes upon us all.

 

Every newspaper now asks itself, with respect to every story: “Is it news?” All I suggest is that you add the question: “Is it in the interest of the national security?” And, I hope that every group in America unions and businessmen and public officials at every level will ask the same question of their endeavors; and, subject their actions to this same exacting test.

 

And, should the press of America consider and recommend the voluntary assumption of specific new steps or machinery, I can assure you that we will cooperate whole-heartedly with those recommendations.

 

Perhaps there will be no recommendations. Perhaps there is no answer to the dilemma faced by a free and open society in a cold and secret war. In times of peace, any discussion of this subject, and any action that results, are both painful and without precedent. But, this is a time of peace and peril which knows no precedent in history.

 

It is the unprecedented nature of this challenge that also gives rise to your second obligation an obligation which I share. And, that is our obligation to inform and alert the American people; to make certain that they possess all the facts that they need; and, understand them as well – the perils, the prospects, the purposes of our program; and, the choices that we face.

 

No President should fear public scrutiny of his program. For, from that scrutiny, comes understanding; and, from that understanding, comes support or opposition. And, both are necessary. I am not asking your newspapers to support the Administration; but, I am asking your help in the tremendous task  of informing and alerting the American people. For I have complete confidence in the response and dedication of our citizens whenever they are fully informed.

 

I not only could not stifle controversy among your readers I welcome it. This Administration intends to be candid about its errors; for, as a wise man once said: “An error doesn’t become a mistake until you refuse to correct it.” We intend to accept full responsibility for our errors; and, we expect you to point them out when we miss them.

 

Without debate, without criticism, no Administration and no country can succeed; and, no republic can survive. That is why the Athenian law-maker Solon decreed it a crime for any citizen to shrink from controversy. And, that is why our press was protected by the First Amendment – the only business in America specifically protected by the Constitution – not primarily to amuse and entertain, not to emphasize the trivial and the sentimental, not to simply “give the public what it wants”; but, to inform, to arouse, to reflect, to state our dangers and our opportunities, to indicate our crises and our choices, to lead, mold, educate; and, sometimes, even anger public opinion.

 

This means greater coverage and analysis of international news for it is no longer far away and foreign; but, close at hand and local. It means greater attention to improved understanding of the news, as well as improved transmission. And, it means, finally, that government at all levels, must meet its obligation to provide you with the fullest possible information outside the narrowest limits of national security; and, we intend to do that.

 

It was early in the Seventeenth Century that Francis Bacon remarked on three (3) recent inventions already transforming the world: the compass, gunpowder and the printing    press.

Now the links between the Nations first forged by the compass have made us all citizens of the World; the hopes and threats of one becoming the hopes and threats of us all. In that one World’s efforts to live together, the evolution of gunpowder to its ultimate limit has warned mankind of the terrible consequences of failure.

 

And,   so,   it   is   to   the   printing   press   –   to   the   recorder   of   man’s   deeds,   the     keeper   of   his   conscience,   the   courier   of   his   news   –   that   we   look   for   strength    and assistance, confident that with your help, man will be what he was born to be – free and independent.

 

Note: The President spoke at the annual dinner of the Association’s Bureau of Advertising held at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City. His opening words “Mr. Chairman” referred to Palmer Hoyt, Editor and Publisher of the Denver Post, who acted as chairman of the dinner.

Citation: John F. Kennedy: “Address “The President and the Press” Before the American Newspaper Publishers Association, New York City.,” April 27, 1961. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley,

AUTHORITY

RETURN TO SELF-GOVERNANCE

WE HAVE LOST OUR WAY – We have forgotten our place in history; that beacon upon the top of a mountain as an ensign on a hill. Our strength has become our shame because we put our trust in the shadow  of  cunning,  ambitious  and  unprincipled  men  who   have

trodden down the Law and shackled us with statutes of men. We have become a land of trouble and anguish; deaf to the Law of the Land; a place of oppression and perverseness; we have become the potters’ broken vessel. [Isaiah 30]

How did America succumb to such a state of being? Unknown forces covertly altered our course without our consent by seizing the reigns of our government. Questions that beg asking are:

  • Why is our education void of classes on “Civics”; void of classes on “The Constitution”; void of classes on “Common Law”?
  • Why have we been told that we need lawyers to interpret the very subjects that define who we are as a People and our control of our own destiny?
  • Why have we been told that America was “not” founded on Common Law?
  • Why have we been told that People who claim that they are “Sovereign” or demand their “Constitutional Rights” are “Terrorists”?
  • And, the most disturbing question: Why do we believe them?
  • How could we have been so blind to all these things when our Founding Documents have been right there for us to see all along; and, why have we been so late in looking!
  • Just exactly who is it that has been whispering these things into our ears? Has it been the Lawyers? The Politicians? The Political parties? Those who Disdain liberty? The Press? The Schools? Entertainment? Or, could it have been “all” of the above?

 

The answer to the question of “who” is the nefarious “Powers that Be”; Discover the struggle of America against this hidden power in our Free Civics Course right here at www.NationalLibertyAlliance.org. If you have not already taken the course, please add it to your curriculum now; it is critical to understanding and recognizing the “Enemy of Liberty”.

LIBERTY RISING Only the People, working together with our Sheriffs and Marshals, can save America; and, they can do so simply by enforcing the law and re-establishing Justice in our courts.  This we can accomplish only with informed Common Law Juries and informed Constitutional  Officers.

NATIONAL LIBERTY ALLIANCE IS A FACILITATOR of education, organization, communication and principles with the sole objective of empowering People in the re-founding of America; and,  instructing those who respond in how to do so. We are thousands of People poised in every State  across America, approaching the intersection of terminal velocity and critical mass which we trust will be met in 2016 by the juncture of the will of God with that of his People.

 

OUR PLAN, founded in the Magna C[h]arta, Paragraph 61; and, being propelled into fruition, is to build Civil Administrations in every county that will serve as a conduit between the People and the Grand Jury; and, an investigative body for the Grand Jury. This Administrative Body will provide orientation, guidance and administration for the trial and grand juries. Grand Juries are seated for short periods of time; maybe a week; or, maybe five (5) or six (6) days out of a month, depending upon the county  court case workload. It would be a wrong-doing to seat a Grand Jury indefinitely.

After filing press releases in every county across America which called for an assemblage of the People to re-constitute the Common Law Grand Jury in each of the 3,143 counties, we established a Unified State Common Law Grand Jury in each of the fifty (50) States; then, we assembled across the Nation to form the Unified United States Common Law Grand Jury; an extraordinary act necessary to secure our Nation.

THE SOLE PURPOSE OF THIS GRAND JURY is to meet head-on those subverts of the United States of America who are warring against the Constitution; and, thereby, warring against We the People. This Unified United States Common Law Grand Jury, as is customary to juries, will remain seated until it achieves its goal of securing Liberty and reinstating self-government at the grass-roots level, i.e., the county level, by reinstating justice in our courts.

SELF-GOVERNMENT requires self-rule and a liberated mind; a mind uncontrolled by Uncle Sam. The political process is one thing; politics is another. Because we desire liberty, we must exercise the former and exorcize the latter. The idea that we can elect lawyers and politicians to solve our woes is absurd. We have been indoctrinated by the powers that be to think in the following opposing terms which are in reality “two sides of the same coin”. To think in opposing terms would leave us divided, never able to come to solidarity of truth.

  • As long as We the People are pitted by right verses left, we will never find the center, which is where liberty
  • A liberal mind requires conservative thinking, which is where liberty is
  • A republican government requires a democratic selection of our representatives which is where liberty is

Unalienable rights can only be had by those who have found and live under a Common Law Constitution. George Washington said: “Government is not reason, it is not eloquence; it is force! Like fire, it is a dangerous servant and a fearful master; never for a moment should it be left to  irresponsible action.” And yet, we have been indoctrinated into believing we can control that fire with politics, which is the epitome of irresponsible actions. George Washington, in his farewell address, left us the following warning: “However [political parties] may now and then answer popular ends, they are likely, in the course of time and things, to become potent engines, by which cunning, ambitious and unprincipled men will be enabled to subvert the power of the people; and, to usurp for themselves the reins of government, destroying afterwards the very engines which have lifted them to unjust dominion.” And, it was Thomas Jefferson who pulled back the curtain, unveiling the power behind that fire when he said: “If the American people ever allow private banks to control the issue of their currency, first by inflation, then by deflation, the banks and corporations that will grow up around


them will deprive the people of all property until their children wake up homeless on the continent  their Fathers conquered.”

Presently the BAR Association, created and controlled by banksters, control our judicial system. They have corporatized our government at every level; from the most menial village to Washington. They control our legislators; they control our financial system; they robbed our gold and silver; they destroyed our manufacturing base; they taxed us into submission; they drove us into a debt from which it is impossible to recover; they keep us in perpetual war; they stole our press; they control our entertainment and media; and, through those means, they have demoralized us; they control our education; they rewrote our history; they spy on us; they track us; they licensed our liberties; they have taken control of our families; they send swarms of “child protective service workers” to interfere with the rearing of our children; they have incorporated our churches; they rob our elderly in probate courts; they steal our children in family court; they send swarms of code enforcement officers to control our every move; they incarcerate anyone who challenges their authority and claims their God-given right  as a sovereign; they have bankrupted our nation; and, they are auctioning off our resources to foreign countries. They have done and continue to do all this because they control our courts; and, thereby, our government. This is the work of the veiled “powers that be”. By taking back our courts, we will take back everything; we will reset the clock to 1789; and, we will then introduce the corrupt “powers that be” to the righteous power of Justice.

CAMPAIGN FOR JUSTICE 2016 — Now that you have an understanding of what America was meant to be, which is “FREE” and “INDEPENDENT”, you have a duty to yourself and your posterity to act upon this new-found knowledge by sounding the alarm; and, thereby, joining We the People peacefully save America in We the Peoples’ Campaign for Justice.

Through this paper Sheriffs and Marshal are being reminded that an oath to defend the Constitution for the United States of America was taken by each; therefore, each has a duty to act. When a Sheriff or Marshal remains silent or inactive he becomes a co-conspirator in the subversion.

AUTHORITY

KENNEDY AND THE PRESS

Everything You Know About the United States and its Laws is WRONG ! PART ONE

February 7th, 2017 by

 

— The “United States” is NOT the “united States of America”

https://johnhenryhill.wordpress.com/2014/08/24/everything-you-know-about-the-united-states-and-

its-laws-is-wrong-the-united-states-is-not-the-united-states-of-america/

PART ONE

 by JohnHenryHill

Everything You Know About the United States and its Laws is WRONG !

 The “United States” is NOT the “United States of America”

by John-Henry Hill, M.D.

April 26, 2013; Revised August 24, 2014

“A long habit of not thinking a thing wrong gives it a superficial appearance of being right.” — Thomas Paine

If you wish to open and/or download this 106 page essay as a Microsoft WORD document, please click here:     The_US_Is_Not_the_USA__8-24-2014

 

Preface

Almost everything you think you know about the government of the United States of America (the Union) and its laws is WRONG. Not just a few things– but rather almost everything!

When the Union of the various states was formed, the American people were NOT illiterate peasants. They understood very well the meanings of the words and terms used in the Constitution; and they knew the difference between the Common Law, Equity (Contract) law and Admiralty law – which are the ONLY types of law allowed by the  Constitution. Indeed, the Founders and the people in general understood in such great detail the concepts on which the Union was to be founded that they put us to shame by our ignorance

The Importance of Definitions

In order to communicate more effectively many professions have developed specific vocabularies containing very precise definitions. The vocabulary in every-day English as used by the public changes greatly over relatively short periods of time. Conversely, in order to maintain precise meanings of words, the vocabulary of certain professions is very stable – words tend to retain their meanings over long periods of time. For example, in medicine the phrase “heart attack” is often used by the public. However, for a medical doctor the term “heart attack” means little – instead he would refer to a very specific cardiac event, such as a “myocardial infarction” (death of heart tissue due to insufficient blood and oxygen), an “arrythmia” (irregular heart beat caused by abnormal electrical conduction within the heart), a “ventricular fibrillation” (a specific type of arrythmia – called a “can-of-worms” electrical conduction phenomenon – in the lower-left pumping chamber of the heart which renders the pumping action completely ineffective), or some other specific term. Similarly, a very precise and stable vocabulary has developed for law and the legal profession – what some have called “legalese”. Indeed, in law many definitions have remained fairly static over centuries – and when a new term is used or a new meaning is given to an existing term or word, that term is usually explicitly defined within that new statute. The problems arise when the definitions of specialized terms used by a profession depart from the definitions used by the general public, so that the terms become misleading or totally inaccurate.

For example, the term “client” in ordinary English refers to a customer. However, in law a “client” is a man who is mentally incompetent to act on his own behalf in court. In ordinary English a “person” refers to a man, woman or child. In law, a “person” is defined as a legal fiction and a corporation. (A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. by John Bouvier. Published 1856.) Likewise in law a “human being” is defined as a “monster”; a “citizen” is defined as an “officer or employee”; the word “must” means “may”; the word “including” is inclusive – meaning it means only the items following the word “include”; and even the term the “United States” has at least very different THREE legal definitions within the U.S. Code and Supreme Court decisions.

Examples:

1.) SHALL – The following court decisions leave no doubt about the legal meaning of “Shall”. “Shall” means MAY – thus, when a statute states that you SHALL do something, it is in truth stating that you MAY or MAY NOT do that something. You are NOT obligated to do it: the choice is yours!

As against the government the word “shall” when used in statutes, is to be construed as “may,” unless a contrary intention is manifest. Cairo & Fulton R.R. Co. v. Hecht, 95 U.S. 170, the U.S. Supreme Court

“Shall” in a statute may be construed to mean “may” in order to avoid constitutional doubt. George Williams College v. Village of Williams Bay, 7 N.W.2d 891, the Supreme Court of Wisconsin

If necessary to avoid unconstitutionality of a statute, “shall” will be deemed equivalent to “may” …. Gow v. Consolidated Coppermines Corp., 165 Atlantic 136

2.) AUTOMOBILE and MOTOR VEHICLE – There is a clear distinction between an automobile and a motor vehicle.

“The word ‘automobile’ connotes a pleasure vehicle designed for the transportation of persons on highways.” American Mutual Liability Ins. Co. vs. Chaput, 60 A.2d 118, 120; 95 NH 200.

“A motor vehicle or automobile for hire is a motor vehicle, other than an automobile stage, used for the transportation of persons for which remuneration is received.” International Motor Transit Co. vs. Seattle, 251 P. 120.

The term ‘motor vehicle’ is different and broader than the word automobile.’”; City of Dayton vs. DeBrosse, 23 NE.2d 647, 650; 62 Ohio App. 232.

The distinction is made very clear in Title 18 USC 31:

Motor vehicle” means every description or other contrivance propelled or drawn by mechanical power and used for commercial purposes on the highways in the transportation of passengers, or passengers and property.

“Driver” is defined as a person operating a vehicle in commerce. (that is, being paid for doing so)

Transportation” is defined as the movement of goods or people in a vehicle engaged in commerce. (A “carrier” is defined as a business engaged in the movement of goods or people in commerce – that is, being paid to do so.)

“Used for commercial purposes” means the carriage of persons or property for any fare, fee, rate, charge or other considerations, or directly or indirectly in connection with any business, or other undertaking intended for profit.

Clearly, an automobile is private property in use for private purposes, while a motor vehicle is a machine which may be used upon the highways for trade, commerce, or for hire. State and the federal governments have the authority to regulate commerce within their respective jurisdictions because any business (corporation) is a “creature of the state”.  Since a corporation is a “legal fiction” created by the state, that corporation’s use of public roads for financial gain may be regulated by the state via legislated statutes. (The legal concept of financial “gain”– often called simply “gain” – is important to understand, as it means profits derived from investments and/or from the labor of other people; it does NOT mean money earned by a man’s own labor) However, under the Common Law (still the primary law in America, superseding all statutes) and numerous Supreme Court rulings, a man traveling upon a public road in a private automobile who is NOT being paid for doing so is exercising his Common Law right to travel; and is NOT subject to any legislated acts (statutes) or any regulations derived therefrom – and therefore is NOT subject to speed limits, car registration, or any of the other regulations derived from legislated statutes (acts). In Common Law, legislated statutes (acts) are NOT Law; these statutes only gain the “force of law” upon the CONSENT of each  individual man. Under the Common Law a man  commits a crime ONLY if he injures another man or that man’s property (technically, in law a man’s rights and his body are considered his own property); or causes a “disturbance of the peace”. Under the Common Law a man has the unlimited right to enter into a contract or, conversely, to NOT enter into a contract..No contract forced upon a man is considered valid, but instead is considered null and void ab initio (from its beginning). The key factor is that a man may WAIVE some of his  rights under the Common Law by entering into a CONTRACT with another party for “consideration” – the mutual exchange of things of approximately equal value. A man’s rights under the Common Law are waived to the extent specified in that particular contract; and the ancient maxim under Commercial Law then applies: “The contract makes the law.” In short, this maxim means that the terms within the contract upon which two parties voluntary agreed become the Law on which disputes regarding that contract will be settled. Applying for and receiving a state-issued “Driver’s License” is such a contract – in which you voluntarily admit that you are a “driver” operating a “motor vehicle” engaged in commerce. Therefore, by obtaining a state-issued driver’s license, you voluntarily confirmed that you are a driver engaged in commerce and thereby submit yourself to the jurisdiction of the state’s statutes and regulations. Of course, even though you may possess a driver’s license (perhaps you are a taxi driver) you may not have been getting paid for transporting people when the police stopped you for “speeding”. However, because you have a “driver’s license”, the PRESUMPTION exists that you are engaged in commerce and therefore subject to statutes and their jurisdiction. And since you probably do NOT rebut this presumption to the court (in a written, sworn affidavit prior to going to court), this unrebutted presumption is accepted as a fact in law by the court. Two maxims of law apply here: “A presumption not rebutted becomes a fact in law.” And “He, who does not object, agrees.” But let us not get too far ahead of ourselves.

The United States v the United States of America

The Constitution was a commercial compact (a CONTRACT in the form of a TRUST) between states, giving the federal government limited powers. The Bill of Rights was meant not as our source of rights, but as further limitations on the federal government. Our fore-fathers saw the potential for danger in the U. S. Constitution. To insure the Constitution was not presumed to be our source of rights, the 10th Amendment was added. I will use a quote from Thomas Jefferson, February 15, 1791, where he quotes the 10th Amendment

“I consider the foundation of the Constitution as laid on this ground; That “all powers not delegated to the United States, by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States or to the people.” To take a single step beyond the boundaries thus specially drawn around the powers of Congress, is to take possession of a boundless field of power, no longer susceptible of any definition.”   — Thomas Jefferson

The created United States government cannot define the rights of their creator, the American people. Three forms of law were granted to the Constitution: common law, equity (contract law) and Admiralty law. Each had their own jurisdiction and purpose.

Jurisdiction has many facets dealing with the various aspects and modalities of law and justice, i.e., Tort (Civil) law, Admiralty/Law Merchant Contract law, Real Property law, Statute law, Criminal Law, and Constitutional law, to name a few of the fields of jurisprudence. The court must be sitting in the proper jurisdiction to render Justice. No court has the discretion to hear a case that falls outside of its subject-matter jurisdiction.

Most local courts today sit in the jurisdiction of Admiralty/Law Merchant Contract law utilizing the

Uniform Commercial Code as the authority for their moving.

1865 – 13th Amendmentpeople could volunteer into slavery by accepting federal benefits.

1868 – a privately owned, foreign (British) corporation called the “United States” was created and incorporated in Delaware.

1868 – The 14th Amendment defined a two new legal entities: a “citizen of the United States” and a ‘person’, both  subject to the federal government jurisdiction as “agents/officers” and/or “employees” of government. It then stated that no state could infringe or deprive any “U.S. citizen” or “person” of their “privileges and immunities” as U.S. citizens. Of great importance was the use of the terms “”privileges” and “immunities”, as opposed to “rights”. As “persons” or “citizens” (that is, agents or employees) of the private, foreign United States corporation, they had NO rights within that corporation. They possessed only privileges granted to them by that private, foreign corporation called the United States.

Section 1: All persons born or naturalized in the United States, AND subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States, and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws..”

It defined a new legal entity: a “citizen of the United States” as 1.) a person naturalized or born within the United States  AND  2.) “subject to the jurisdiction thereof”, that is, “subject to the jurisdiction of the United States”. Note that BOTH conditions must be fulfilled to be considered a “U.S. citizen”. Consequently, any man claiming the status of a “U.S. citizen” is affirming that he was born or naturalized in the United States AND that he is subject to the jurisdiction of the private corporation called the United States and its statutes and courts, thereby exercising his unlimited right to contract and voluntarily waiving his rights under the Common Law and guaranteed by the Constitution.

1871 – the District of Columbia Incorporation Act of 1871 was passed by Congress, creating a municipal government as a privately owned corporation that took control of  D.C. In subsequent statutes in 1882 and later passed by Congress, the federal government became, in fact , the private, foreign corporation called the “United States” incorporated in 1868 and based in Washington, D.C. Further, in subsequent statutes the term “United States” meant ONLY the “District of Columbia”; NOT the various states of the Union under the Constitution.

1913 – the Federal Reserve Central Banks were created.

1933 President Roosevelt put into effect the ‘Trading with the Enemies Act’. This applied only to Federal Citizens, aka, “U.S. citizens” as defined in the 14th Amendment

1933 – President Roosevelt took the gold away from the people, who were not lawfully required to relinquish it, and who then had no money with which to pay their debts. Since 1933, debts are never paid; they are simply “discharged”

March 9, 1933 – ownership (legal title) of all property is in the State; individual ‘ownership’ is only equitable (user) title. Use must be in accordance with law and subordinate to the necessities of the State.   (YIKES! Read that again.)

1933 – President Roosevelt signed HJR 192 June 5, 1933 passed by Congress– since the government had taken the gold, and the people had no money, the government would pay the ‘debts’ for the people, thereby giving them unlimited credit. Whoever has the gold pays the bills. This legislation states that one cannot demand from you a certain form of currency, since any form and all forms of currency are your credit. If they do, they are in breach of Public Policy, PL 73-10. Not only does this insurance policy protect the legislators from conviction for fraud and treason but also it protects the people from damages cause by the Feds.

1938 – The U.S. Supreme Court’s Erie Railroad Company v Tompkins, 304 U.S. 64 (1938), decision made contracts the rule in the courts. This ruling voided the long-standing . Swift v. Tyson, 16 Pet. 1, 41 U. S. 18 (1842) No other law or court decisions prior to 1938 could be cited in future court cases. In effect, Erie Railroad Company v Tompkins made contracts [contract law or UCC-Admiralty Law; NOT the Common Law and the Constitution] the rule in the courts under the Commercial (Negotiable Instruments) Act. The Supreme Court ruled that all federal cases will be judged under the Negotiable Instruments Law. There would be no more decisions based on the Common Law at the federal level. Prior to 1938, the Supreme Court was dealing with Public Law, that is, the Common Law codified as statutes. Since 1938, the Supreme Court has dealt with Public Policy, that is private commercial law created through contracts.

1946 – government and court system was lost through the Administrative Procedures Act.

1965 – silver was removed as a means for paying debt, the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) became the supreme law of the land concerning the Banking System, the courts were pulled together in Admiralty/Administrative and Civil (contract /commercial /corporate) Law, thereby removing the ‘innocent’ plea under the Common Law, thereby reversing ‘innocent until proven guilty’ to ‘guilty until proven innocent’. Securities replaced substance as collateral for debts; debt instruments with collateral, and accommodation parties could be used instead of money. The courts could uphold the security instruments which depended upon commercial fictions as a basis for compelling payment or performance.

1966 – The Federal Tax Lien Act: The entire taxing and monetary systems are hereby placed under the U.C.C. (Uniform Commercial Code)

The word “person” in legal terminology is perceived as a general word which normally includes in its scope a variety of entities other than human beings. See e. g. 1 U. S. C. sec 1. Church of Scientology v. U. S. Dept. of Justice (1979) 612 F. 2d 417, 425.

One of the very first section of  STATE statutes will have a section listed entitled “Definitions.” Carefully study this section of the statutes and you will find a portion that reads similar to this excerpt.

In construing these statutes and each and every word, phrase, or part hereof, where the context will permit:

(1) The singular includes the plural and vice versa.

(2) Gender-specific language includes the other gender and neuter.

(3) The word “person” includes individuals, children, firms, associations, joint adventures, partnerships, eSTATEs, trusts, business trusts, syndicates, fiduciaries, corporations, and all other groups or combinations. The word “person” is a fictional legal entity. A man (or woman) is real and not a legal fiction and therefore by definition is not a “person”.

NOTE HOWEVER, THE DEFINITIONS in the STATUTES DO NOT LIST MAN OR WOMAN — THEREFORE THEY ARE EXCLUDED FROM ALL THE STATUTES (legislated acts) !!!

Under the rule of construction “expressio unius est exclusio alterius,” where a statute or Constitution enumerates the things on which it is to operate or forbids certain things, it is ordinarily to be construed as excluding from its operation all those not expressly mentioned.

Generally words in a statute should be given their plain and ordinary meaning. When a statute does not specifically define words, such words should be construed in their common or ordinary sense to the effect that the rules used in construing statutes are also applicable in the construction of the Constitution. It is a fundamental rule of statutory construction that words of common usage when used in a statute should be construed in their plain and ordinary sense.

If you carefully read the statute laws enacted by your STATE legislature you will also notice that they are all written with phrases similar to these five examples :

  1. A person commits the offense of failure to carry a license if the person …
  2. A person commits the offense of failure to register a vehicle if the person …
  3. A person commits the offense of driving uninsured if the person …
  4. A person commits the offense of fishing if the person …
  5. A person commits the offense of breathing if the person …

Notice that only “persons” can commit these STATE legislature created crimes (called acts or statutes). A crime by definition is an offense committed against the “STATE.” If you commit an offense against a human, it is called a tort. Examples of torts would be any personal injury, slander, or defamation of character.

So how does someone become a “person” and subject to regulation by STATE statutes and laws?

There is ONLY one way. Contract! You must ask the STATE for permission to volunteer to become a STATE person. You must volunteer because the U. S. Constitution forbids the STATE from compelling you into slavery or involuntary servitude. This is found in the 13th and 14th Amendments.

13th Amendment
Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United STATEs, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

14th Amendment: (which defined the term “citizen of the United States”)
Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the STATE wherein they reside. No STATE shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any STATE deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law, nor deny any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

Of great importance is that BOTH conditions must be met in order for a man to be a “citizen of the United States”: (1) All persons born or naturalized in the United States AND (2) subject to the jurisdiction thereof [the United States]. If you were born in Vermont but never agreed by contract to be “subject to the jurisdiction of the United States”, then you can assert that you are a citizen of Vermont, but NOT a citizen of the United States. By doing so, you are NOT subject to any statutes (acts) passed by Congress or any Federal regulations. The “catch” is that when you walk into any court, that court makes the presumption that you are a “citizen of the United States” and therefore subject to that court’s jurisdiction. And under the Common Law, “a presumption NOT rebutted becomes a fact in law.” – meaning that you must OBJECT in writing (and verbally, often many times) to their presumption and make them prove it, since any presumption challenged (objected to) by a man in a court must be proven by that court, as the “burden of proof” always falls upon the one making the claim. Further, you could assert that you are neither a citizen of any state nor a citizen of the United States – and both that state and the United States would have to prove otherwise.

You become a STATE created statutory “person” by taking up residency with the STATE and stepping into the office of “person.” You must hold an “office” within the STATE government in order for that STATE government to regulate and control you. First comes the legislatively created office, then comes their control. If you do not have an office in STATE government, the legislature’s control over you would also be prohibited by the Declaration of Rights section, usually found to be either Section I or II, of the STATE Constitution.

The most common office held in a STATE is therefore the office known as “person.” Your STATE legislature created this office as a way to control people. It is an office most people occupy without even knowing that they are doing so.

The legislature cannot lawfully control you because you are a flesh and blood human being. God alone created you and by Right of Creation, He alone can control you. It is the nature of Law, that what One creates, One controls. This natural Law is the force that binds a creature to its creator. God created us and we are, therefore, subject to His Laws, whether or not we acknowledge Him as our Creator.

The way the STATE gets around God’s Law and thereby controls the People is by creating only an office, and not a real human. This office is titled as “person” and then the legislature claims that you are filling that office. Legislators erroneously now think that they can make laws that also control men. They create entire bodies of laws – motor vehicle code, building code, compulsory education laws, and so on ad nauseum. They still cannot control men or women, but they can now control the office they created. And look who is sitting in that office of a “person” — YOU.

Then they create government departments to administer regulations to these offices. Within these administrative departments of STATE government are hundreds of other STATE created offices. There is everything from the office of janitor to the office of governor. But these administrative departments cannot function properly unless they have subjects to regulate.

The legislature obtains these subjects by creating an office that nobody even realizes to be an official STATE office.

They have created the office of “person.”

The STATE creates many other offices such as police officer, prosecutor, judge etc. and everyone understands this concept. However, what most people fail to recognize and understand is the most common STATE office of all, the office of “person.” Anyone filling one of these STATE offices is subject to regulation by their creator, the STATE legislature. Through the STATE created office of “person,” the STATE gains its authority to regulate, control and judge you, the real human. What they have done is apply the natural law principle, “what one creates, one controls.”

A look in Webster’s dictionary reveals the origin of the word “person.” It literally means “the mask an actor wears.” The “person” or “persona” is NOT the real man or woman; rather it is an artificial representation;  a false image of the man or woman.

The legislature creates the office of “person” which is a mask. They cannot create real people, only God can do that. But they can create the “office” of “person,” which is merely a mask, and then they persuade a flesh and blood human being to put on that mask by offering a fictitious privilege, such as a driver license. Now the legislature has gained complete control over both the mask and the actor behind the mask.

 Common law

Distinctions between areas of jurisdiction are typically codified in a national constitution. In most common law systems, jurisdiction is conceptually divided between jurisdiction over the subject matter of a case and jurisdiction over the personae of the litigants. (See personal jurisdiction.) Sometimes a court may exercise jurisdiction over property located within the perimeter of its powers without regard to personal jurisdiction over the litigants; this is called jurisdiction in rem.

A court whose subject-matter jurisdiction is limited to certain types of controversies (for example, suits in admiralty or suits where the monetary amount sought is less than a specified sum) is sometimes referred to as a court of special jurisdiction or court of limited jurisdiction.

A court whose subject-matter is not limited to certain types of controversy is referred to as a court of general jurisdiction. In the United States, each state has courts of general jurisdiction; most states also have some courts of limited jurisdiction. Federal courts (those operated by the federal government) are courts of limited jurisdiction. Federal jurisdiction is divided into federal question jurisdiction and diversity jurisdiction. The United States District Courtsmay hear only cases arising under federal law and treaties, cases involving ambassadors, admiralty cases, controversies between states or between a state and citizens of another state, lawsuits involving citizens of different states, and against foreign states and citizens.

Certain courts, particularly the United States Supreme Court and most state supreme courts, have discretionary jurisdiction, meaning that they can choose which cases to hear from among all the cases presented on appeal. Such courts generally only choose to hear cases that would settle important and controversial points of law. Though these courts have discretion to deny cases they otherwise could adjudicate, no court has the discretion to hear a case that falls outside of its subject-matter jurisdiction.

Executive Jurisdiction

Jurisdiction also denotes the area over which the executive or legislative powers or laws of a government extend. Similarly, the term also denotes the territory over which a state exerts or claims sovereignty or power (sometimes known as territorial jurisdiction).

In private international law, a supranational organization (e.g. the European Union), a nation-state, or a province (i.e. a subnational “state”) in a federation (as can be found in Australia, Brazil, India, Mexico and the United States), may all exercise jurisdiction although the problem of forum shopping is growing.

The “most sacred of liberties” of which Justice Tolman spoke was personal liberty. The definition of personal liberty is:

“Personal liberty, or the Right to enjoyment of life and liberty, is one of the fundamental or natural Rights, which has been protected by its inclusion as a guarantee in the various constitutions, which is not derived from, or dependent on, the U.S. Constitution, which may not be submitted to a vote and may not depend on the outcome of an election. It is one of the most sacred and valuable Rights, as sacred as the Right to private property…and is regarded as inalienable.” 16 C.J.S., Constitutional Law, Sect.202, p.987.

 “Where rights secured by the Constitution are involved, there can be no rule making or legislation which would abrogate them.” Miranda vs. Arizona, 384 US 436, 491.

 “To be that statute which would deprive a Citizen of the rights of person or property, without a regular trial, according to the course and usage of the common law, would not be the law of the land.” Hoke vs. Henderson, 15 NC 15.

“We find it intolerable that one Constitutional Right should have to be surrendered in order to assert another.” Simons vs. United States, 390 US 389.

“Disobedience or evasion of a Constitutional Mandate cannot be tolerated, even though such disobedience may, at least temporarily, promote in some respects the best interests of the public.” Slote vs. Examination, 112 ALR 660.

“Economic necessity cannot justify a disregard of Constitutional guarantee.” Riley vs. Carter, 79 ALR 1018; 16 Am.Jur. (2nd), Const. Law, Sect.81.

“Constitutional Rights cannot be denied simply because of hostility to their assertions and exercise; vindication of conceded Constitutional Rights cannot be made dependent upon any theory that it is less expensive to deny them than to afford them.” Watson vs. Memphis, 375 US 526.

 When the State allows the formation of a corporation it may control its creation by establishing guidelines (statutes) for its operation (charters). Corporations who use the roads in the course of business do not use the roads in the ordinary course of life. There is a difference between a corporation and an individual.

The United States Supreme Court has stated:

“…We are of the opinion that there is a clear distinction in this particular between an individual and a corporation, and that the latter has no right to refuse to submit its books and papers for examination on the suit of the State. The individual may stand upon his Constitutional Rights as a Citizen. He is entitled to carry on his private business in his own way. His power to contract is unlimited. He owes no duty to the State or to his neighbors to divulge his business, or to open his doors to investigation, so far as it may tend to incriminate him.

“He owes no such duty to the State, since he receives nothing therefrom, beyond the protection of his life, liberty, and property. His Rights are such as the law of the land [the Common Law] long antecedent to the organization of the state, and can only be taken from him by due process of law, and in accordance with the Constitution. Among his Rights are the refusal to incriminate himself, and the immunity of himself and his property from arrest or seizure except under warrant of law. He owes nothing to the public so long as he does not trespass upon their rights.

Upon the other hand, the corporation is a creature of the state. It is presumed to be incorporated for the benefit of the public. It receives certain special privileges and franchises, and holds them subject to the laws of the state and the limitations of its charter. Its rights to act as a corporation are only preserved to it so long as it obeys the laws of its creation. There is a reserved right in the legislature to investigate its contracts and find out whether it has exceeded its powers. It would be a strange anomaly to hold that the State, having chartered a corporation to make use of certain franchises, could not in exercise of its sovereignty inquire how those franchises had been employed, and whether they had been abused, and demand the production of corporate books and papers for that purpose.” [emphasis added] Hale vs. Hinkel, 201 US 43, 74-75 (1905)

We know that Hale v. Henkel was decided in 1905 in the U. S. Supreme Court.

Since it was the U.S. Supreme Court, the case is binding on all courts of the land, until another U.S. Supreme Court case says it isn’t. Has another Supreme Court case overturned Hale v. Henkel? The answer is NO. As a matter of fact, since 1905, the Supreme Court has cited Hale v. Henkel a total of 144 times. A fact more astounding is that since 1905, Hale v. Henkel has been cited by all of the federal and STATE appellate court systems a total of over 1600 times. None of the various issues of this case has ever been overruled.

Corporations engaged in mercantile equity fall under the purview of the State’s admiralty jurisdiction, and the public at large must be protected from their activities, as they (the corporations) are engaged in business for profit.

“..Based upon the fundamental ground that the sovereign state has the plenary control of the streets and highways in the exercise of its police power (see police power, infra.), may absolutely prohibit the use of the streets as a place for the prosecution of a private business for gain. They all recognize the fundamental distinction between the ordinary Right of the Citizen to use the streets in the usual way and the use of the streets as a place of business or a main instrumentality of business for private gain. The former is a common Right, the latter is an extraordinary use. As to the former the legislative power is confined to regulation, as to the latter it is plenary and extends even to absolute prohibition. Since the use of the streets by a common carrier [corporation] in the prosecution of its business as such is not a right but a mere license of privilege.Hadfield vs. Lundin, 98 Wash 657l, 168, p.516.

It will be necessary to review early cases and legal authority in order to reach a lawfully correct theory dealing with this Right or “privilege.” We will attempt to reach a sound conclusion as to what is a “Right to use the road” and what is a “privilege to use the road”. Once reaching this determination, we shall then apply those positions to modern case decision.

“Where rights secured by the Constitution are involved, there can be no rule making or legislation which would abrogate them.” Miranda vs. Arizona, 384 US 436, 491.

and…

“The claim and exercise of a constitutional Right cannot be converted into a crime.” Miller vs. U.S., 230 F. 486, 489.

and…

“There can be no sanction or penalty imposed upon one because of this exercise of constitutional Rights.” Snerer vs. Cullen, 481 F. 946.

Streets and highways are established and maintained for the purpose of

 1938 – Erie Railroad vs. Tompkins made contracts the rule in the courts – Commercial (Negotiable Instruments) Law. The Supreme Court ruled that all federal cases will be judged under the Negotiable Instruments Law. There would be no more decisions based on the Common Law at the federal level. Prior to 1938, the Supreme Court was dealing with Public Law; since 1938, the Supreme Court has dealt with Public Policy. The charge that Mr. This overturned a standing decision of over one hundred years, Swift v. Tyson, 41 U.S. (16 Pet.) 1, 10 L. Ed. 865 (1842), which was a very similar case, and the decision of the Supreme Court in Swift v Tyson was that in any case of this type, the Court would judge the case on Common Law of the state where the incident occurred – in this case Pennsylvania. Further, since the Erie Railroad vs. Tompkins 1938 ruling, NO other law (or Supreme Court ruling) prior to 1938 can be cited in cases in court.

You must realise that the Court you are standing in is an Admiralty/Law Merchant Court under the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), which recognizes only two classes of entities, “Creditors” and “Debtors.”, dealing only in the terms and conditions of “Contractual Obligations.” It is NOT a Constitutional Court of proper jurisdiction to secure the Rights of Sovereign Citizens.

YOU MUST ESTABLISH THE PROPER JURISDICTION!

Common law

Distinctions between areas of jurisdiction are typically codified in a national constitution. In most common law systems, jurisdiction is conceptually divided between jurisdiction over the subject matter of a case and jurisdiction over the personae of the litigants. (See personal jurisdiction.) Sometimes a court may exercise jurisdiction over property located within the perimeter of its powers without regard to personal jurisdiction over the litigants; this is called jurisdiction in rem.

A court whose subject-matter jurisdiction is limited to certain types of controversies (for example, suits in admiralty or suits of equity where the monetary amount sought is less than a specified sum) is sometimes referred to as a court of special jurisdiction or court of limited jurisdiction.

A court whose subject-matter is not limited to certain types of controversy is referred to as a court of general jurisdiction. [NOTE: ONLY a Common Law court can be a “court of record“ and thus a court of general jurisdiction.] In the United States, each state has courts of general jurisdiction; most states also have some courts of limited jurisdiction. Federal courts (those operated by the federal government) are courts of special or limited jurisdiction. Federal jurisdiction is divided into federal question jurisdiction and diversity jurisdiction. The United States District Courts may hear only cases arising under federal law and treaties, cases involving ambassadors, admiralty cases, controversies between states or between a state and citizens of another state, lawsuits involving citizens of different states, and against foreign states and citizens. These controversies between states or between people from different states are called “jurisdictional diversity” cases and therefore fall under the jurisdiction of U.S. federal courts.

Certain courts, particularly the United States Supreme Court and most state supreme courts, have discretionary jurisdiction, meaning that they can choose which cases to hear from among all the cases presented on appeal. Such courts generally only choose to hear cases that would settle important and controversial points of law. Though these courts have discretion to deny cases they otherwise could adjudicate, no court has the discretion to hear a case that falls outside of its subject-matter jurisdiction.

The first issue I want to cover is the United States flag. Obviously from known history our flag did not have a yellow fringe bordering three sides. The United States did not start putting flags with a yellow fringe on them in government buildings and public buildings until 1959. Of course the question you would ask yourself; why did it change and are there any legal meanings behind this? Oh yes!

First the appearance of our flag is defined in Title 4 sec. 1. U.S.C..

“The flag of the United States shall be thirteen horizontal stripes, alternate red and white; and the union of the flag shall be forty-eight stars, white in a blue field.” (Note – of course when new states are admitted new stars are added.)

A foot note was added on page 1113 of the same section which says:

“Placing of fringe on the national flag, the dimensions of the flag, and arrangement of the stars are matters of detail not controlled by statute, but within the discretion of the President as Commander-In-Chief of the Army and Navy.” – 1925, 34 Op.Atty.Gen. 483.

The president as military commander can add a yellow fringe to our flag. When would this be done? During a time of war. Why? A flag with a fringe is an ensign, a military flag. Read the following.

“Pursuant to U.S.C. Chapter 1, 2, and 3; Executive Order No. 10834, August 21, 1959, 24 F.R. 6865, a military flag is a flag that resembles the regular flag of the United States, except that it has a YELLOW FRINGE, bordered on three sides. The President of the United states designates this deviation from the regular flag, by executive order, and in his capacity as COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF of the Armed forces.”

From the National Encyclopedia, Volume 4:

“Flag, an emblem of a nation; usually made of cloth and flown from a staff. From a military standpoint flags are of two general classes, those flown from stationary masts over army posts, and those carried by troops in formation. The former are referred to by the general name flags. The latter are called colors when carried by dismounted troops. Colors and Standards are more nearly square than flags and are made of silk with a knotted Fringe of Yellow on three sides………..use of the flag. The most general and appropriate use of the flag is as a symbol of authority and power.”

The reason I started with the Flag issue is because it is so easy to grasp. The main problem I have with the yellow fringe is that its use indicates that our Constitutional Republic no longer exists. Our system of law was changed without the public’s knowledge. It was kept secret. This is fraud. The American people were allowed to believe this was just a decoration. Because the law changed from Common Law (God’s Law) to Admiralty Law (the kings law) your status also changed from sovereign to subject. Formerly, you were able to own property (allodial title) and to do whatever you wished on that property, with no need for any licenses or to pay property taxes. Since 1933 people do NOT own their property, but rather possess “equitable title” which grants them the “right of use” of that property, but NOT true ownership. Thus, they are no longer the true owners, but are legally considered tenants on the land. If you still think you own your property, stop paying taxes – and soon thereafter, your home and property will be seized by the government under the “prize law” under Admiralty jurisdiction.

“The ultimate ownership of all property is in the state; individual so-called `ownership’ is only by virtue of government, i.e., law, amounting to a mere user; and use must be in accordance with law and subordinate to the necessities of the State.” – Senate Document No. 43, “Contracts payable in Gold” written in 1933.

By our allowing these military flags to fly, the American people have admitted our defeat and loss of status. Read on, you’ll see what I mean. Remember the Constitution recognizes three forms of law: the Common Law (the “law of the land”), Equity Law (legislated acts; as statutes, codes, regulations, ordinances, by-laws, etc.) and Admiralty Law (the “law of the sea”; “Law Merchant”; “Maritime-Admiralty Law”; the “Law of Commerce”; or “commercial law”). The familiar “Stars and Stripes” flag is NOT the official U.S. flag. Indeed, before World War 2, most public and private buildings within a state flew ONLY their state flag. Each state considered itself a “sovereign nation” with respect to the other states and with respect to the United States – and the U.S. Supreme Court has repeatedly affirmed this as a fact in law. Therefore, for a state-owned building to fly a U.S. flag would mean that it had surrendered its sovereignty and was now under the jurisdiction of the U.S. government. Only Federal buildings under civilian control, such as the Post Office, flew the “U.S. Civil Flag of Peacetime”, most notable for its vertical stripes and its blue stars on a white field (background) This U.S. Civil Flag of Peacetime (pictured immediately below) is the true official flag of the United States of America.

CURRUPTIONCURRUPTIONMost Americans are unaware of this fact; and those who are aware believe it to be meaningless. However, under U.S. and international Maritime law, the “Law of the Flag” (which is a legal concept first developed under Maritime-Admiralty Law) is still of major legal importance, since the flag you display signals the nation under whose legal jurisdiction you are governed, on land and, most importantly, on a ship at sea. Operating a ship at sea using an unauthorized flag (not registered with a particular nation) was a most serious offense; it was called a “false flag” or “false colors” or not showing your “true colors”. If a ship was caught flying a “false flag”, the ship and its cargo were subject to confiscation and its captain (and possibly even its crew) subject to the death penalty by an Admiralty court hearing issuing a “summary judgment” – no trial by jury. Only two issues were considered: the fact that the ship flew a “false flag” and whether the captain possessed the proper Certificate of Registration from that nation authorizing him to fly that flag. That ship and its captain (and often its crew) were thereby considered “outlaws”, meaning that they were “outside the law” and therefore had forfeited all their rights and legal protections under the law. So-called “pirates” were an example of such “outlaws”.

CURRUPTIONCURRUPTIONCURRUPTIONThe following is a legal definition of the term Law of the Flag.

“…The agency of the master is devolved upon him by the law of the flag. The same law that confers his authority ascertains its limits, and the flag at the mast-head is notice to all the world of the extent of such power to bind the owners or freighters by his act. The foreigner who deals with this agent has notice of that law, and, if he be bound by it [that is, if he consents], there is not injustice. His notice is the national flag which is hoisted on every sea and under which the master sails into every port, and every circumstance that connects him with the vessel isolates that vessel in the eyes of the world, and demonstrates his relation to the owners and freighters as their agent for a specific purpose and with power well defined under the national maritime law.” – Bouvier’s Law Dictionary, 1914.

Don’t be misled by the fact they are talking about the sea, and presume that the “law of the flag” does not apply on land, I will prove to you that Admiralty law has come onto land. Next a court case:

“Pursuant to the “Law of the Flag”, a military flag does result in jurisdictional implication when flown. The Plaintiff cites the following: “Under what is called international law, the law of the flag, a shipowner who sends his vessel into a foreign port gives notice by his flag to all who enter into contracts with the shipmaster that he intends the law of the flag to regulate those contracts with the shipmaster that he either submit to its operation or not contract with him or his agent at all.” – Ruhstrat v. People, 57 N.E. 41, 45, 185 ILL. 133, 49 LRA 181, 76 AM.

When you walk into a court and see this flag (with yellow fringe) you are put on notice that you are in a Admiralty Court and that the king is in control. Also, if there is a king, the people are no longer sovereign. You’re probably saying this is the most incredible thing I have ever heard. YOU have read the proof, it will stand up in court. But wait, there is more, you probably would say, how could this happen? Here’s how. Admiralty law is for the sea, maritime law governs contracts between parties that trade over the sea. Well, that’s what our fore-fathers intended. However, in 1845 Congress passed an act saying Admiralty law could come on land. The bill may be traced in Cong. Globe, 28th Cong., 2d. Sess. 43, 320, 328, 337, 345(1844-45), no opposition to the Act is reported. Congress held a committee on this subject in 1850 and they said:

“The committee also alluded to “the great force” of “the great constitutional question as to the power of Congress to extend maritime jurisdiction beyond the ground occupied by it at the adoption of the Constitution….” – Ibid. H.R. Rep. No. 72 31st Cong., 1st Sess. 2 (1850)

It was up to the Supreme Court to stop Congress and say NO! The Constitution did not give you that power, nor was it intended. But no, the courts began a long train of abuses, here are some excerpts from a few court cases.

“This power is as extensive upon land as upon water. The Constitution makes no distinction in that respect. And if the admiralty jurisdiction, in matters of contract and tort which the courts of the United States may lawfully exercise on the high seas, can be extended to the lakes under the power to regulate commerce, it can with the same propriety and upon the same construction, be extended to contracts and torts on land when the commerce is between different States. And it may embrace also the vehicles and persons engaged in carrying it on (my note – remember what the law of the flag said when you receive benefits from the king.) It would be in the power of Congress to confer admiralty jurisdiction upon its courts, over the cars engaged in transporting passengers or merchandise from one State to another, and over the persons engaged in conducting them, and deny to the parties the trial by jury. Now the judicial power in cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction, has never been supposed to extend to contracts made on land and to be executed on land. But if the power of regulating commerce can be made the foundation of jurisdiction in its courts, and a new and extended admiralty jurisdiction beyond its heretofore known and admitted limits, may be created on water under that authority, the same reason would justify the same exercise of power on land.” Propeller Genessee Chief et al. v. Fitzhugh et al. 12 How. 443 (U.S. 1851)   U.S. Supreme Court

And all the way back, before the U.S. Constitution John Adams talking about his state’s Constitution, said:

“Next to revenue (taxes) itself, the late extensions of the jurisdiction of the admiralty are our greatest grievance. The American Courts of Admiralty seem to be forming by degrees into a system that is to overturn our Constitution and to deprive us of our best inheritance, the laws of the land. It would be thought in England a dangerous innovation if the trial, of any matter on land was given to the admiralty.— Jackson v. Magnolia, 20 How. 296 315, 342 (U.S. 1852)

This began the most dangerous precedent of all the Insular Cases. This is where Congress took a boundless field of power. When legislating for the states, they are bound by the Constitution, when legislating for their insular possessions they are not restricted in any way by the Constitution. Read the following quote from the Harvard law review of AMERICAN INS. CO. v. 356 BALES OF COTTON, 26 U.S. 511, 546 (1828), relative to our insular possessions:

“These courts, then, are not constitutional courts in which the judicial power conferred by the Constitution on the general government can be deposited. They are incapable of receiving it. They are legislative courts, created in virtue of the general right of sovereignty which exists in the government, or in virtue of that clause which enables Congress to make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory belonging to the united States. The jurisdiction with which they are invested is not a part of that judicial power which is conferred in the third article of the Constitution, but is conferred by Congress in the execution of those general powers which that body possesses over the territories of the United States.” — Harvard Law Review, Our New Possessions. page 481.

Here are some Court cases that make it even clearer:

“…[T]he United States may acquire territory by conquest or by treaty, and may govern it through the exercise of the power of Congress conferred by Section 3 of Article IV of the Constitution…” “In exercising this power, Congress is not subject to the same constitutional limitations, as when it is legislating for the United States. …And in general the guaranties of the Constitution, save as they are limitations upon the exercise of executive and legislative power when exerted for or over our insular possessions, extend to them only as Congress, in the exercise of its legislative power over territory belonging to the United States, has made those guarantees applicable.” — Hooven & Allison & Co. vs Evatt, 324 U.S. 652 (1945)

“The idea prevails with some indeed, it found expression in arguments at the bar that we have in this country substantially or practically two national governments; one to be maintained under the Constitution, with all its restrictions; the other to be maintained by Congress outside and independently of that instrument, by exercising such powers as other nations of the earth are accustomed to exercise.”

“I take leave to say that if the principles thus announced should ever receive the sanction of a majority of this court, a radical and mischievous change in our system of government will be the result. We will, in that event, pass from the era of constitutional liberty guarded and protected by a written constitution into an era of legislative absolutism.”

“It will be an evil day for American liberty if the theory of a government outside of the supreme law of the land finds lodgment in our constitutional jurisprudence. No higher duty rests upon this court than to exert its full authority to prevent all violation of the principles of the constitution.” — Downes vs Bidwell, 182 U.S. 244 (1901)

These actions allowed Admiralty law to come on land. If you will remember the definition of the Law of the Flag. When you receive benefits or enter into contracts with the king you come under his law which is Admiralty law. And what is a result of your connection with the king? A loss of your Sovereign status. Our ignorance of the law is no excuse. I’ll give you an example, something you deal with everyday. Let’s say you get a seat belt ticket. What law did you violate? Remember the Constitution recognizes three forms of law. Was it common law? Who was the injured party? No one. So it could not have been common law even though here, the State of N. C. has made chapter 20 of the Motor Vehicle code carry common law penalties, jail time. This was the only thing they could do to cover up the jurisdiction they were operating in. Was it Equity law? No, there is no contract in dispute, driving is a privilege granted by the king. If it were a contract the UCC would apply, and it doesn’t. In a contract both parties have equal rights. In a privilege, you do as you are told or the privilege is revoked. Well guess what, there is only one form of law left, admiralty. Ask yourself when did licenses begin to be required? 1933.

All district courts are admiralty courts,   see the Judiciary Act of 1789.

“It is only with the extent of powers possessed by the district courts, acting as instance courts of admiralty, we are dealing. The Judiciary Act of 1789 gives the entire constitutional power to determine “all civil causes of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction,” leaving the courts to ascertain its limits, as cases may arise.” — Waring ET AL,. v. Clarke, Howard 5 12 L. ed. 1847

When you enter a court room and come before the judge and the U.S. flag with the yellow fringe flying, you are put on notice of the law you are in. American’s aren’t aware of this, so they continue to claim Constitutional rights. In the Admiralty setting the Constitution does NOT apply and the judge, if pushed, will inform you of this by placing you under contempt for continuing to bring it up. If the judge is pressed, he will probably state that it is statutory law and he has “statutory jurisdiction”. Where are the rules and regulations for statutory law kept? They don’t exist. If statuary law existed, there would be rules and regulations governing its procedures and court rules. They do not exist!!!

The way you know this is Admiralty, is from the yellow fringed flag and from the actions of the law, compelled performance (Admiralty). The judges can still move at common law (murder, etc.) and equity (contract disputes etc.). It’s up to the type of case brought before the court. If the case is Admiralty, the only way back to the common law is the saving to suitor clause and action under Admiralty. The court and rules of all three jurisdictions have been blended. Under Admiralty you are compelled to perform under the agreement you made by asking and receiving the king’s government (license). You receive the benefit of driving on federal roads (military roads), so you have voluntarily obligated yourself to this system of law, this is why you are compelled to obey. If you don’t it will cost you money or jail time or both. The type of offence determines the jurisdiction you come under, but the court itself is an Admiralty court, defined by the flag. Driving without a seat belt under Chapter 20 DMV code carries a criminal penalty for a non common law offense. Again, where is the injured party or parties? – There are NO injured parties and thus this is Admiralty law. Here is a quote to prove what I said about the roads being military, this is only one benefit, there are many:

“Whilst deeply convinced of these truths, I yet consider it clear that under the war-making power Congress may appropriate money toward the construction of a military road when this is absolutely necessary for the defense of any State or Territory of the Union against foreign invasion. Under the Constitution Congress has power “to declare war,” “to raise and support armies,” “to provide and maintain a navy,” and to call forth the militia to “repel invasions.” Thus endowed, in an ample manner, with the war-making power, the corresponding duty is required that “the United States shall protect each of them [the States] against invasion.” Now, how is it possible to afford this protection to California and our Pacific possessions except by means of a military road through the Territories of the United States, over which men and munitions of war may be speedily transported from the Atlantic States to meet and to repel the invader?…. Besides, the Government, ever since its origin, has been in the constant practice of constructing military roads.” — Inaugural Address of James Buchanan, March 4, 1857, Messages and Papers of the Presidents, 1789-1902.

I want to briefly mention the Social Security Act, the nexus Agreement you have with the king. You were told the SS# was for retirement and you had to have it to work. It sounds like a license to me, and it is, it is a license granted by the President to work in this country, under the Trading with the Enemy Act, as amended in March 9, 1933, as you will see in a moment. Was it really for your retirement? What does F.I.C.A. stand for? Federal Insurance Contribution Act. What does contribution mean at law, not Webster’s Dictionary. This is where they were able to get you to admit that you were jointly responsible for the national debt, and you declared that you were a fourteenth Amendment citizen [of the UNITED STATES CORPORATION]..

As mentioned above, on April 25, 1938, the U.S. Supreme Court overturned Swift v. Tyson, 41 U.S. (16 Pet.) 1, 10 L. Ed. 865 (1842), the standing precedents of the prior 150 years concerning the “Common Law” in the federal government. (ERIE RAILROAD CO. vs. TOMPKINS, 304 U.S. 64, 82 L. Ed. 1188; (1938))

“THERE IS NO FEDERAL COMMON LAW, AND CONGRESS HAS NO POWER TO DECLARE SUBSTANTIVE RULES OF COMMON LAW applicable IN A STATE, WHETHER they be LOCAL or GENERAL in their nature, be they COMMERCIAL LAW or a part of LAW OF TORTS.” (See: ERIE RAILROAD CO. vs. TOMPKINS, 304 U.S. 64, 82 L. Ed. 1188; (1938) In short, in Erie RR v Tompkins, the U.S. Supreme Court declared that henceforth within the United States, ALL crimes would be considered COMMERCIAL crimes – that is, subject to Contract Law (Commercial Law; Maritime-Admiralty); and NOT to the Common Law, thereby voiding the Constitution and all legal precedence since Colonial times. Further, under Commercial Law, rights of the people guaranteed by the Constitution were OPTIONAL upon the courts (“privileges” that the court may or may not see fit to grant) – so a 12-person “trial by jury” under the Common Law and guaranteed by the Constitution was no longer required. A judge could decide on his own whether to issue a “summary judgment” upon a defendant with no trial by jury; or he could decide to offer a defendant a “jury trial” (composed of as few jurors as the judge wished; thus NOT a true “trial by jury” of 12 people; or the judge could offer the defendant a “jury trial”, but any “verdict” of this jury was no longer lawfully binding on the judge, but instead was considered only an “advisory opinion” to the judge, which the judge could accept or reject as he wished. Thus, if a man was found “not guilty” by the jury in a “jury trial” under Commercial Law, the judge legally could ignore the jury’s verdict and declare that man “guilty”. To repeat, since the 1938 Erie RR v Tompkins case, ALL crimes and offences in the United States are considered to be “commercial crimes” in relation to the 1933 Bankruptcy Act of the United States and under which ALL U.S. citizens are considered “debtors” as surety for the debt owed by the U.S. government to foreign banks.

On May 18, 1951 during a joint meeting with the American Law Institute in Washington, D.C., the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) was approved. Later that year the ABA formally approved the code as well. Considered the outstanding accomplishment of the Conference, the Code remains the ULC’s signature product. One of the Uniform Laws drafted by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws and the American Law Institute governing commercial transactions (including sales and leasing of goods, transfer of funds, commercial paper, bank deposits and collections, letters of credit, bulk transfers, warehouse receipts, bills of lading, investment securities, and secured transactions). By 1968, the U.S. government, 49 states, the District of Columbia and U.S. Virgin Islands had enacted the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) — the only exception being Louisiana. (See: Blacks Law, 6th Ed. pg. 1531) In essence, all court decisions are based on commercial law or business law and has criminal penalties associated with it. Rather than openly calling this new law Admiralty/Maritime Jurisdiction, judges will often refer to it as “Statutory Jurisdiction”.

I want to briefly mention the Social Security Act, the nexus Agreement you have with the king. You were told the SS# was for retirement and you had to have it to work. It sounds like a license to me, and it is, it is a license granted by the President to work in this country, under the Trading with the Enemy Act, as amended in March 9, 1933, as you will see in a moment. Was it really for your retirement? What does F.I.C.A. stand for? Federal Insurance Contribution Act. What does contribution mean at law, not Webster’s Dictionary. This is where they were able to get you to admit that you were jointly responsible for the national debt, and you declared that you were a fourteenth Amendment citizen [of the UNITED STATES CORPORATION]..

Please read carefully the following definition regarding Social Security to learn what it means to have a SS# and pay a contribution:

Contribution: Right of one who has discharged a common liability to recover of another also liable, the aliquot portion which he ought to pay or bear. Under principle of “contribution,” a tort-feasor [wrong doer] against whom a judgement is rendered is entitled to recover proportional shares of judgement from other joint tort-feasor [wrong doer] whose negligence contributed to the injury and who were also liable to the plaintiff. (Note – tort feasor means wrong doer; what did you do to be defined as a wrong doer???) The share of a loss payable by an insure when contracts with two or more insurers cover the same loss. The insurer’s share of a loss under a coinsurance or similar provision. The sharing of a loss or payment among several. The act of any one or several of a number of co-debtors, co-sureties, etc., in reimbursing one of their number who has paid the whole debt or suffered the whole liability, each to the extent of his proportionate share. — (Blacks Law Dictionary 6th ed.)

Guess what? It gets worse. What does this date 1933 mean? Well you better sit down. First, remember World War I, in 1917 President Wilson declared the War Powers Act of October 6, 1917, basically stating that he was stopping all trade with the enemy except for those he granted a license, excluding Americans. Read the following from this Trading with the enemy Act, where he defines enemy: In the War Powers Act of 1917, Chapter 106, Section 2 (c) it says that these declared war powers did NOT affect citizens of the United States:

“Such other individuals, or body or class of individuals, as may be natives, citizens, or subjects of any nation with which the United States is at war, OTHER THAN CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES, wherever resident or wherever doing business, as the President, if he shall find the safety of the United States of the successful prosecution of the war shall so require, may, by proclamation, include within the term “enemy.” [thus: the PEOPLE of America became the “alien enemy”]

Now, this leads us up to 1933. Our country was recovering from a depression and now was declared bankrupt. I know you are saying. Do What, the American people were never told about this? Public policy and National Security overruled the public right to know. Read the following Congressional quote:

“My investigation convinced me that during the last quarter of a century the average production of gold has been falling off considerably. The gold mines of the world are practically exhausted. There is only about $11,000,000,000 in gold in the world, with the United States owning a little more than four billions. We have more than $100,000,000,000 in debts payable in gold of the present weight and fineness. . . As a practical proposition these contracts cannot be collected in gold for the obvious reason that the gold supply of the entire world is not sufficient to make payment.” — Congressional Record, Congressman Dies, March 15, 1933

Before 1933 all contracts with the government were payable in gold. Now I ask you? Who in their right mind would enter into contracts totaling One Hundred billion dollars in gold, when there was only eleven billion in gold in the whole world, and we had about four billion. To keep from being hung by the American public they obeyed the banksters demands and turned over our country to them. They never came out and said we were in bankruptcy but, the fact remains, we are. In 1933 the gold of the whole country had to be turned in to the banksters, and all government contracts in gold were canceled. This is bankruptcy.

“Mr. Speaker, we are here now in chapter 11 [bankruptcy]. Members of Congress are official trustees presiding over the greatest reorganization of any bankrupt entity in world history, the U.S. government.” — Congressman Traficant on the House floor, March 17, 1933

The wealth of the nation including our land was turned over to the banksters. In return, the nation’s 100 billion dollar debt was forgiven. I have two papers that have circulated the country on this subject. Remember Jesus said “money is the root of all evil” The Congress of 1933 sold every American into slavery to protect their asses. Read the following Congressional quotes:

“I want to show you where the people are being imposed upon by reason of the delegation of this tremendous power. I invite your attention to the fact that section 16 of the Federal Reserve Act provides that whenever the Government of the United States issues and delivers money, Federal Reserve notes, which are based on the credit of the Nation–they represent a mortgage upon your home and my home, and upon all the property of all the people of the Nation–to the Federal Reserve agent, an interest charge shall be collected for the Government.” — Congressional Record, Congressman Patman, March 13, 1933

“That is the equity of what we are about to do. Yes; you are going to close us down. Yes; you have already closed us down, and have been doing it long before this year. Our President says that for 3 years we have been on the way to bankruptcy. We have been on the way to bankruptcy longer than 3 years. We have been on the way to bankruptcy ever since we began to allow the financial mastery of this country gradually to get into the hands of a little clique that has held it right up until they would send us to the grave.” — Congressional Record, Congressman Long, March 11, 1933

What did Roosevelt do? Sealed our fate and our children’s fate, but worst of all, he declared War on the American People. Remember the War Powers Act, the Trading with the enemy Act? He declared emergency powers with his authority being the War Powers Act, the Trading with the enemy Act. The problem is he redefined who the enemy was, read the following: (remember what I said about the SS# being a license to work)

The declared National Emergency of March 9, 1933 amended the War Powers Act to include the American People as enemies:

“In Title 1, Section 1 it says: The actions, regulations, rules, licenses, orders and proclamations heretofore or hereafter taken, promulgated, made, or issued by the President of the United States or the Secretary of the Treasury since March 4, 1933, pursuant to the authority conferred by subdivision (b) of section 5 of the Act of October 6, 1917, as amended, are hereby approved and confirmed.”

“Section 2. Subdivision (b) of section 5 of the Act of October 6, 1917, (40 Stat. L. 411), as amended, is hereby amended to read as follows: emergency declared by the President, the President may, through any agency that he may designate, or otherwise, investigate, regulate, or prohibit, under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe, by means of licenses or otherwise, any transactions in foreign exchange, transfers of credit between or payments by banking institutions as defined by the President, and export, hoarding, melting, or earmarking of gold or silver coin or bullion or currency, BY ANY PERSON WITHIN THE UNITED STATES OR ANY PLACE SUBJECT TO THE JURISDICTION THEREOF.”

Here is the legal phrase ”subject to the jurisdiction thereof”, but at law this refers to alien enemy and also applies to Fourteenth Amendment citizens:

“As these words are used in the first section of the Fourteenth Amendment of the Federal Constitution, providing for the citizenship of all persons born or naturalized in the United States AND subject to the jurisdiction thereof, the purpose would appear to have been to exclude by the fewest words (besides children of members of the Indian tribes, standing in a peculiar relation to the National Government, unknown to the common Law), the two classes of cases, children born of *ALIEN ENEMIES (emphasis mine), in hostile occupation, and children of diplomatic representatives of a foreign state, both of which, by the law of England and by our own law, from the time of the first settlement of the English colonies in America, had been recognized exceptions to the fundamental rule of citizenship by birth within the country.” – United States v Wong Kim Ark, 169 US 649, 682, 42 L Ed 890, 902, 18 S Ct 456. Ballentine’s Law Dictionary

Congressman Beck had this to say about the War Powers Act:

“I think of all the damnable heresies that have ever been suggested in connection with the Constitution, the doctrine of emergency is the worst. It means that when Congress declares an emergency there is no Constitution. This means its death….But the Constitution of the United States, as a restraining influence in keeping the federal government within the carefully prescribed channels of power, is moribund, if not dead. We are witnessing its death-agonies, for when this bill becomes a law, if unhappily it becomes law, there is no longer any workable Constitution to keep the Congress within the limits of its constitutional powers.” – Congressman James Beck in Congressional Record 1933

The following are excerpts from the Senate Report, 93rd Congress, November 19, 1973, Special Committee On The Termination Of The National Emergency United States Senate. They were going to terminate all emergency powers, but they found out they did not have the power to do this, so guess which one stayed in, the Emergency Act of 1933, the Trading with the Enemy Act October 6, 1917 as amended in March 9, 1933.

Since March 9, 1933, the United States has been in a state of declared national emergency….Under the powers delegated by these statutes, the President may: seize property; organize and control the means of production; seize commodities; assign military forces abroad; institute martial law; seize and control all transportation and communication; regulate the operation of private enterprise; restrict travel; and, in a plethora of particular ways, control the lives of all American citizens.”

“A majority of the people of the United States have lived all of their lives under emergency rule. For 40 (now 63) years [since 1917], freedoms and governmental procedures guaranteed by the Constitution have, in varying degrees, been abridged by laws brought into force by states of national emergency….from, at least, the Civil War in important ways shaped the present phenomenon of a permanent state of national emergency.” – Senate Report, 93rd Congress, November 19, 1973

You may be asking yourself is this the law, and if so where is it, read the following: In Title 12 U.S.C, in section 95b you’ll find the following codification of the Emergency War Powers:

“The actions, regulations, rules, licenses, orders and proclamations heretofore or hereafter taken, promulgated, made, or issued by the President of the United States or the Secretary of the Treasury since March 4, 1933, pursuant to the authority conferred by subsection (b) of section 5 of the Act of October 6, 1917, as amended (12 U.S.C., 95a), are hereby approved and confirmed.” – (March 9, 1933, c. 1, Title 1, 1, 48 Stat. 1)

So you can further understand the word Alien Enemy and what it means to be declared an enemy of this government, read the following definitions: The phrase Alien Enemy is defined in Bouvier’s Law Dictionary as:

One who owes allegiance to the adverse belligerent. – 1 Kent 73.

He who owes a temporary but not a permanent allegiance is an alien enemy in respect to acts done during such temporary allegiance only; and when his allegiance terminates, his hostile character terminates also; -1 B. & P.163.

Alien enemies are said to have no rights, no privileges, unless by the king’s special favor, during time of war; – 1 Bla. Com. 372; Bynkershoek 195; 8 Term 166. [Remember we’ve been under a declared state of war since October 6, 1917, as amended March 9, 1933 to include every United States citizen.]

“The phrase Alien Enemy is defined in Words and Phrases as: Residence of person in territory of nation at war with United States was sufficient to characterize him as “alien enemy” within Trading with the Enemy Act, even if he had acquired and retained American citizenship.” – Matarrese v. Matarrese, 59 A.2d 262, 265, 142 N.J. Eq. 226.

“Residence or doing business in a hostile territory is the test of an “alien enemy: within meaning of Trading with the Enemy Act and Executive Orders thereunder.” – Executive Order March 11, 1942, No. 9095, as amended, 50 U.S.C.A. Appendix 6; Trading with the Enemy Act 5 (b). In re Oneida Nat. Bank & Trust Co. of Utica, 53 N.Y.S. 2d. 416, 420, 421, 183 Misc. 374.

“By the modern phrase, a man who resides under the allegiance and protection of a hostile state for commercial purposes is to be considered to all civil purposes as much an `alien enemy’ as if he were born there.” – Hutchinson v. Brock, 11 Mass. 119, 122.

Am I done with the proof? Not quite, believe it or not, it gets worse. I have established that war has been declared against the American people and their children. The American people that voted for the 1933 government were responsible for Congress’ actions, because Congress was there in their proxy. What is one of the actions taken against an enemy during time of War. In the Constitution the Congress was granted the power during the time of war to grant Letters of Marque. What is a letter of Marque? Well, read the following:

Letter of Marque: A commission granted by the government to a private individual, to take the property of a foreign state, as a reparation for an injury committed by such state, its citizens or subjects. The prizes so captured are divided between the owners of the privateer, the captain, and the crew. – Bouvier’s Law Dictionary 1914.

Think about the mission of the IRS, they are a private organization, or their backup, the ATF. These groups have been granted letters of Marque, read the following:

“The trading with the enemy Act, originally and as amended, in strictly a war measure, and finds its sanction in the provision empowering Congress “to declare war, grant letters of Marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water.” — Stoehr v. Wallace 255 U.S.

Under the Constitution the Power of the Government had its checks and balances, power was divided between the three branches of government. To do anything else means you no longer have a Constitutional government. I’m not even talking about the obvious, which we have already covered, read the following:

“The Secretary of the Treasury and/or the Attorney General may require, by means of regulations, rulings, instructions, or otherwise, any person to keep a full record of, and to furnish under oath, in the form of reports or otherwise, from time to time and at any time or times, complete information relative to, any transaction referred to in section 5 (b) of the Act of October 6, 1917.” — Title 12 Banks and Banking page 570.

How about Clinton’s new Executive Order of June 6, 1994 where the Alphabet agencies are granted their own power to obtain money and the military if need be to protect themselves. These are un-elected officials, sounds un-Constitutional to me, but read on.

“The delegations of authority in this Order shall not affect the authority of any agency or official pursuant to any other delegation of presidential authority, presently in effect or hereafter made, under section 5 (b) of the act of October 6, 1917, as amended (12 U.S.C. 95a)”

How can the President delegate to un-elected officials power that he was elected to have, and declare that it cannot be taken away, by the voters or the courts or Congress. I tell you how, under martial law, under the War Powers Act. The American public is asleep and is unaware nor do they care about what is going on, because it may interfere with their making money. I guess Thomas Jefferson was right again:

“…And to preserve their independence, we must not let our rulers load us with perpetual debt. We must make our election between economy and liberty or profusion and servitude. If we run into such debts as that we must be taxed in our meat and in our drink, in our necessaries and our comforts, in our labors and our amusements, for our callings and our creeds, as the people of England are, our people, like them, must come to labor sixteen hours in the twenty-four, and give the earnings of fifteen of these to the government for their debts and daily expenses; and the sixteenth being insufficient to afford us bread, we must live, as they now do, on oatmeal and potatoes; have not time to think, no means of calling the mismanager’s to account; but be glad to obtain subsistence by hiring ourselves to rivet their chains on the necks of our fellow sufferers…” — (Thomas Jefferson) THE MAKING OF AMERICA, p. 395

While former U.S. Senator Lloyd Bentsen was simultaneously the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States:

Submitted January 28

Lloyd Bentsen, of Texas, to be U.S. Governor of the International Monetary Fund for a term of 5 years; U.S. Governor of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development for a term of 5 years; U.S. Governor of the Inter-American Development Bank for a term of 5 years; U.S. Governor of the African Development Bank for a term of 5 years; U.S. Governor of the Asian Development Bank; U.S. Governor of African Development Fund; and U.S. Governor of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.” — Presidential Documents, February 1, 1993.

At the same time, Bentsen was the Secretary of Treasury. Gee, I don’t know, this sounds like a conflict of entrust and interest to me, how about you? Also, Congress is the only one under the Constitution able to appropriate money.

How about a few months ago when Secretary of Treasury Rubin sent hundreds of millions of U.S. dollars to Mexico, without Congress’ approval. Secretary of Treasury Rubin previously had been president of the bank that made the loans to Mexico. Later, when he was appointed Secretary of the Treasury, he had the Treasury Mexico’s interest on its debt to his bank with taxpayers money. Again, sounds like a conflict of interest (entrust) to me.

“Without limitation as to any other powers or authority of the Secretary of the Treasury or the Attorney General under any other provision of this Order, the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized and empowered to prescribe from time to time regulations, rulings, and instructions to carry out the purposes of this Order and to provide therein or otherwise the conditions under which licenses may be granted by or through such officers or agencies as the Secretary of the Treasury may designate, and the decision of the Secretary with respect to the granting, denial or other disposition of an application or license shall be final.” — Section 7, Title 12 U.S.C. Banks and Banking

Do the issues I have brought up sound like this is a Constitutional government to you? I have not covered the main nexus, the money. I didn’t make up this information; it is the government’s own documents and legal definitions taken from their dictionaries. I wish the hard working Americans in the government that are loyal to an American Republic could read this, the more that know the truth the better.

In Which Court Do You Practice Law?

It is very important to appreciate the fact that District Courts of the United States (“DCUS”) are NOT the same as the United States District Courts (“USDC”). The District Courts of the United States (“DCUS”) are constitutional judicial courts that originate in Article III of the U.S. Constitution. The United States District Courts (“USDC”) are territorial tribunals that originate in

Article IV, Section 3, Clause 2 of the U.S. Constitution (also known as the Territory Clause); OR legislative (administrative) courts, that originate in Article I of the U.S. Constitution.

 Paul Mitchell’s opening brief to the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals on behalf of the Gilbertson in

USA v. Gilbertson in District Courts of the United States, DCUS – Minneapolis #4-96-65” cites numerous court cases that have already clarified the all important distinction between these two classes of federal district courts. Mitchell’s opening brief in

Mitchell v. AOL Time Warner, Inc. et al., U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit, Appeal No. 02-15269 (especially in section 7d -7f) was even more extensive in scope.

Mitchell cites, for example, in Balzac v. Porto Rico, 258 U.S. 298 at 312 (1922), the high Court held that the USDC belongs in the federal Territories only; not in the states. Thus the USDC, as such, appear to lack any lawful authorities to prosecute income tax crimes. The USDC are legislative tribunals where summary proceedings dominate.

For example, under the federal statute at 28 U.S.C. 1292, the U.S. Courts of Appeal have no appellate jurisdiction to review interlocutory orders issued by the USDC.

foreign municipal corporation domiciled in Washington, D.C. called the “United States”

“… the United States is to be regarded as a body politic and corporate. … It is suggested that the United States is to be regarded as a domestic corporation, so far as the State of New York is concerned. We think this contention has no support in reason or authority. … The United States is a foreign corporation in relation to a State.” in re Merriam’s Estate, 36 NE 505, 506 22.

The Article III District Court of the United States (“DCUS”) was never expressly abolished inside the several States by any Act(s) of Congress, or by any rule changes:

 The Act of June 25, 1948, expressly changed the name of the “District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia” to “United States District Court for the District of Columbia”, but only in the District of Columbia [underlines and bold added]. See § 32(b) in said Act of June 25, 1948, 62 Stat. 985 to 991.

However, no such comprehensive amendments were ever enacted for statutes conferring original jurisdiction on the DCUS located within the several States of the Union.

  • 39 of the Act of June 25, 1948, contained an explicit “Schedule of Laws Repealed,” and the legislative history of this Act is equally explicit:

This method of specific repeal will relieve the courts of the burdensome task of ferreting out implied repeals.

[“Revision of Title 28, United States Code”]

[House Report No. 308, 80th Cong., 1st Session]

[28 USCA 2461 to End, page 709]

[underlines and bold emphasis added]

In this bill we have set up a new section of the billlisting chronologically all of the laws which we repeal.

[“Revision of Title 28, United States Code”]

[House Report No. 308, 80th Cong., 1st Session]

[28 USCA 2461 to End, page 731]

[underlines and bold emphasis added]

The statute at 28 U.S.C. 132 likewise did not abolish the Article III DCUS inside the several States. See 62 Stat. 895. For example, compare the Lanham Act at 60 Stat. 440, Sec. 39; the Sherman Act; and the Securities and Exchange Acts.

The Lanham Act statute at 60 Stat. 440, Sec. 39, conferring original jurisdiction on the DCUS, was likewise never repealed by

28 U.S.C. 132 or otherwise. Compare 15 U.S.C. 1121 (still uncodified).

In effect, 28 U.S.C. 132 appears to have broadcasted an extra legislative tribunal from the federal Territories into the several States of the Union, but without expressly abolishing the constitutional

Article III DCUS inside those States.

 FROM: Opening Brief by Plaintiff Paul Mitchell in Mitchell v. AOL Time Warner, Inc. et al., U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit, Appeal No. 02-15269

7(d)      The abrogation clause at 28 U.S.C. 2072(b) cannot retroactively amend federal statutes conferring original jurisdiction on the Article III District Court of the United States (“DCUS”):

 This honorable Court of Appeals will please take formal judicial Notice of Appellant’s proper and timely challenge now filed in this appeal against 28 U.S.C. 2072(b), for violating the Separation of Powers Doctrine and the ex post facto prohibition.

See legislative history of 1988 amendments, Rep. Kastenmeier: “unwise and potentially unconstitutional”.

The U.S. Supreme Court has defined “separation of powers” as follows:

… [A] power definitely assigned by the Constitution to one department can neither be surrendered nor delegated by that department, nor vested by statute in another department or agency.

[Williams v. United States]

[289 U.S. 553, 580 (1933)]

However, the high Court in that case erred by defining “Party” in Article III to mean Plaintiff only. This definition contradicts the definition of “Party” as found in Bouvier’s Law Dictionary (1856) (“Party” embraces both plaintiffs and defendants).

Accordingly, an FRCP amendment effective October 20, 1949, was strictly limited to those rules and could never have altered any existing federal statutes, whether retroactively or otherwise. See further discussion at 7(e) infra.

In particular, see Mookini v. United States, 303 U.S. 201, 58 S.Ct. 543, 82 L.Ed. 748 (1938) (term “District Courts of the United States” in its historic and proper sense); Act of June 25, 1948, 62 Stat. 985 to 991, § 2(b) (“continuations of existing law”) and § 9 (“the jurisdiction of district courts of the United States”).

7(e)      The Act of June 25, 1948, 62 Stat. 869 et seq., is vague and deceptive in several of its key provisions and is, therefore, unconstitutional.

By way of introduction, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia has no jurisdiction whatsoever over the instant case, nor do any of the courts situated in any of the federal Territories or Possessions.

California is neither a United States Territory acquired under Article IV, Section 3, Clause 2 (“4:3:2”), nor is it an enclave acquired under Article I, Section 8, Clause 17 (“1:8:17”) in the Constitution for the United States of America, as lawfully amended (“U.S. Constitution”).

It is clear from the original Statute at Large quoted above (60 Stat. 440, Sec. 39) that the DCUS is the only federal court with original jurisdiction competent to hear claims arising under the Lanham Act, when the venue is a judicial district of California (or any other State of the Union, for that matter). See 28 U.S.C. 84(b).

The DCUS and the USDC are decidedly not one and the same.

Appellant now supplies further conclusive proof.

The Act of June 25, 1948, 62 Stat. 869 et seq., contains provisions deliberately written and implemented to foster the false and misleading conclusion that ‑‑ in all matters arising under the Constitution, Laws and Treaties of the United States ‑‑ these two courts are synonymous and identical in all respects whatsoever. See Article III, Section 2, Clause 1 (“3:2:1”) and the Supremacy Clause in pari materia with 28 U.S.C. 1331.

Appellant honestly trembles at the mere thought of challenging a comprehensive revision, codification, and enactment of all laws that have governed the conduct of the federal courts in this great nation for 54 years.

However, a careful review of the relevant evidence, as found in various sections of Title 28, U.S.C., has rendered that challenge necessary and inevitable.

That careful review now follows:

It is now abundantly evident to Appellant, and Appellant hereby offers to prove, that:

(1)        the Article III DCUS inside the several States were never expressly abolished by Congress;

(2)        Congress knows how to abolish federal courts when it intends to do so; and,

(3)        the Act of June 25, 1948, attempted fraudulently to conceal the DCUS, and to create the false impressions that they had been re‑defined as, replaced by, and/or rendered synonymous with, the USDC.

See 28 U.S.C. §§ 132, 451, 610.

It is a cardinal rule of statutory construction that repeals by implication are decidedly not favored. See U.S. v. United Continental Tuna, 425 U.S. 164, 168 (1976), for example.

As of this writing, Appellant has assembled an exhaustive list of all statutes in Title 28 that expressly mention either the USDC, the DCUS, or both. For the convenience and edification of all, Appellant now advises this honorable Court, and all interested parties, that the results of this research have been published at Internet URL’s:

http://www.supremelaw.org/rsrc/dcus.in.28usc.bold.htm

http://www.supremelaw.org/rsrc/usdc.in.28usc.bold.htm

In any Act of Congress, words importing the plural include the singular, and words importing the singular include and apply to several persons, parties, or things. See 1 U.S.C. 1.

Therefore, the rules of statutory construction strictly bar intermingling of “United States District Courts” with “District Courts of the United States”. Confer also at “Noscitur a sociis” in Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition.

On the other hand, the term “district courts” [sic] does embrace both the DCUS and the USDC, since there appears to be a hierarchical relationship between this term and the courts constituted by Chapter 5 of Title 28. See 28 U.S.C. 451.

This Court is respectfully requested to recognize, and to take formal judicial notice, that the ex post facto restriction in the U.S. Constitution (“1:9:3”) emphatically bars Congress from retroactively re-defining the meaning of “district courts of the United States” as that term was used in all federal legislation prior to June 25, 1948 A.D. See, in particular, the Lanham Act at

60 Stat. 440, Sec. 39; other examples abound.

Appellant’s Immunity from ex post facto legislation is a fundamental Right. See the Privileges and Immunities Clause

(“4:2:1”). Federal copyright and trademark laws protect Appellant’s Rights uniformly in every State of the Union.

7(f)       The Article III District Court of the United States (“DCUS”) was never expressly abolished inside the several States by any Act(s) of Congress, or by any rule changes:

 The Act of June 25, 1948, expressly changed the name of the “District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia” to “United States District Court for the District of Columbia”, but only in the District of Columbia [underlines and bold added]. See § 32(b) in said Act of June 25, 1948, 62 Stat. 985 to 991.

However, no such comprehensive amendments were ever enacted for statutes conferring original jurisdiction on the DCUS located within the several States of the Union.

  • 39 of the Act of June 25, 1948, contained an explicit “Schedule of Laws Repealed,” and the legislative history of this Act is equally explicit:

This method of specific repeal will relieve the courts of the burdensome task of ferreting out implied repeals.

[“Revision of Title 28, United States Code”]

[House Report No. 308, 80th Cong., 1st Session]

[28 USCA 2461 to End, page 709]

[underlines and bold emphasis added]

In this bill we have set up a new section of the billlisting chronologically all of the laws which we repeal.

[“Revision of Title 28, United States Code”]

[House Report No. 308, 80th Cong., 1st Session]

[28 USCA 2461 to End, page 731]

[underlines and bold emphasis added]

The statute at 28 U.S.C. 132 likewise did not abolish the Article III DCUS inside the several States. See 62 Stat. 895. For example, compare the Lanham Act at 60 Stat. 440, Sec. 39; the Sherman Act; and the Securities and Exchange Acts.

The Lanham Act statute at 60 Stat. 440, Sec. 39, conferring original jurisdiction on the DCUS, was likewise never repealed by

28 U.S.C. 132 or otherwise. Compare 15 U.S.C. 1121 (still uncodified).

In effect, 28 U.S.C. 132 appears to have broadcasted an extra legislative tribunal from the federal Territories into the several States of the Union, but without expressly abolishing the constitutional Article III DCUS inside those States.

For example, see all predecessor statutes of 28 U.S.C. 132 for its territorial origins, i.e. § 641 of Title 48, U.S.C, 1940 ed., Territories and Insular Possessions.

Think of it as a clear plastic overlay.

Also, see further discussion on this crucial point in

AUTHOR’S AFFIDAVIT CONTESTING DECLARATION OF WESLEY C.J. EHLERS, Page 6 of 10, lines 3‑27 inclusive (Docket #164), concluding:

Plaintiff has carefully reviewed the history of amendments to this latter statute [60 Stat. 440, Sec. 39], and believes He is legally correct to conclude that the federal court with original jurisdiction of Lanham Act claims has remained unchanged in California and is still the constitutional Article III District Court of the United States (“DCUS”), and not the legislative

Article IV United States District Court (“USDC”).

A rules amendment effective December 29, 1948, amended the title “Rules of Civil Procedure for the District Courts of the United States” to read “Rules of Civil Procedure for the United States District Courts” [underlines and bold added].

And, a rules amendment effective October 20, 1949, substituted the words “United States district courts” for the words “district courts of the United States” throughout the FRCP.

However, the exact scope of these substitutions was limited to the FRCP and could not have affected any federal statutes. See Notes to FRCP Rule 1.

The Lanham Act statute at 60 Stat. 440, Sec. 39, conferring original jurisdiction on the DCUS, was likewise unaffected by these rule changes, and could not have been affected by these rule changes, notwithstanding the abrogation clause supra.

Moreover, repeals by implication are decidedly not favored by the courts. See Crawford Fitting Co. v. J.T. Gibbons, Inc., 482 U.S. 437, 442 (1987); 74 Am.Jur.2d 21-22 citing Johnson v. Browne, 205 U.S. 309 (1907) and U.S. v. Lee Yen Tai, 185 U.S. 213

(1902); Jackson v. Stinnett supra, 102 F.3d 132 (5th Cir. 1996); also “Separation of Powers and Delegation of Authority to Cancel Statutes in the Line Item Veto Act and the Rules Enabling Act,” by Leslie M. Kelleher, George Washington Law Review, Vol. 68, No. 3, Feb. 2000.

7(g)      In the opinions of recognized constitutional scholars, such as Justice Story, the Congress has affirmative obligations to create and to maintain constitutional district courts, proceeding in judicial mode.

The reasons for this proposition are simple, if not immediately obvious:

The original jurisdiction of the U.S. Supreme Court is quite limited under Article III, as compared to its appellate jurisdiction unde

r Article III.

The Supreme Court’s appellate jurisdiction under Article III embraces matters that arise under the

Supremacy Clause (Constitution, Laws and Treaties of the United States). See also the Arising Under Clause at

3:2:1 in pari materia with 28 U.S.C. 1331 supra.

Cases that arise under the Supremacy Clause, as mirrored by 3:2:1 and by 28 U.S.C. 1331, would need to originate first in an inferior constitutional court, before those cases could ever reach the U.S. Supreme Court on appeal.

The exact same argument can be extended to this Court’s appellate jurisdiction: specifically, civil litigation under the Lanham Act must first originate in an inferior constitutional court, before such a case could ever reach the Ninth Circuit on appeal! In this appeal, the Ninth Circuit must proceed in constitutional mode.

The conclusion is inescapable, therefore, that Congress must first create constitutional courts proceeding in judicial mode, and then it must also perpetuate them, in order to satisfy Article III and the

Fifth Amendment.

To do otherwise would constitute a clear violation of the Fifth Amendment, which mandates due process of law (among other things). This mandate is also embodied in numerous provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, a United States treaty rendered supreme Law by the Supremacy Clause. See Article 14 in that Covenant, for example.

The entire thrust of that Covenant is to guarantee independent, impartial and qualified judicial officers presiding upon courts of competent jurisdiction (and not Star Chambers, or other tribunals where summary proceedings are the norm, and where due process is not a fundamental Right (read “shall”) but a privilege granted at the discretion of those tribunals (read “may”)).

In pari materia, compare the language in Rules 201(c) and 201(d) of the Federal Rules of Evidence (“FREv”): the former is discretionary (“may”); the latter is mandatory (“shall”). Confer at “Fundamental right” in Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition (analogous to “shall”).

(Incidentally, Appellant is protesting the Seventh Edition of Black’s, because it has conspicuously omitted any definition of the term “United States” ‑‑ a term which figures prominently throughout federal laws and throughout the U.S. Constitution!)

7(h)      Appellant therefore asserts a fundamental Right to due process of law, which necessarily mandates courts of competent jurisdiction in the first instance. Within the 50 States of the Union, these are the DCUS and only the DCUS.

The District Courts of the United States (“DCUS”) are constitutional courts vested by law with competent jurisdiction over controversies arising under the Constitution, Laws and Treaties of the United States.

Statutes granting original jurisdiction to the federal district courts must be strictly construed [cites 5(c) supra].

Appellant argues that statutes granting appellate jurisdiction must be strictly construed as well.

See 28 U.S.C. 1292(a)(1) in the context of interlocutory orders.

Inside the several States of the Union, the United States District Courts (“USDC”) are not constitutional courts vested by law with original jurisdiction to hear cases or controversies that arise under the Lanham Act. Confer at “Inclusio unius est exclusio alterius” in Black’s Sixth.

Inside the several States of the Union, the courts vested by law with competent, original jurisdiction to hear cases or controversies that arise under the Lanham Act are the DCUS.

Statutes granting original jurisdiction to these courts have used language and terminology that enjoy a well established historic meaning. See Mookini v. United States, 303 U.S. 201, 205 (1938) (the term DCUS in its historic and proper sense). Confer at “Noscitur a sociis” in Black’s Sixth.

Within California State, therefore, the DCUS is the only federal court with competent jurisdiction to originate the instant case.

7(i)       Federal municipal law cannot be usurped to switch the instant proceedings from constitutional mode to legislative mode.

The 50 States of the Union are not “United States Districts” [sic]; they are judicial districts! Federal municipal law does not operate, of its own force, inside those judicial districts. See 1:8:17 and 4:3:2 (the federal zone).

Even though the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico are likewise judicial districts, federal municipal law can operate there because neither is a Union State. 28 U.S.C. §§ 88, 119.

Nevertheless, federal municipal law is likewise bound by all pertinent restrictions in the U.S. Constitution, because the U.S. Constitution was expressly extended into D.C. in 1871, and into all federal Territories in 1873. See 16 Stat. 419, 426, Sec. 34; 18 Stat. 325, 333, Sec. 1891, respectively (hereinafter “extension statutes”).

In this context, the U.S. Supreme Court has ruled:

 “It is obviously correct that no one acquires a vested or protected right in violation of the Constitution by long use, even when that span of time covers our entire national existence and even predates it.”  Walz v. Tax Commission of New York City, 397 U.S. 664, 678 (1970)

“A practice condemned by the Constitution cannot be saved by historical acceptance and present convenience.” U.S. v. Woodley, 726 F.2d 1328, 1338] [(9th Cir. 1984)

Appellant alleges that the nomenclature “United States District” [sic], as found on the caption pages of all federal court orders today, is now being used to trigger legislative mode without adequate notice to litigants, in violation of the

Fifth, Sixth and Seventh Amendments (read “fraud”).

This dubious mechanism is called “silent judicial notice” [sic] ‑‑ surely a misnomer, if ever there was one. It would be entirely more accurate to call it “silent legislative notice”, since this practice is a deceptive device now rampant within legislative courts, and the DCUS are currently vacant.

But, has Congress been silent, or merely vague?

7(j)       The extension statutes are monumentally important, in light of highly successful efforts by the federal government, since the year 1866 A.D., to create an absolute legislative democracy within the several States of the Union.

The Guarantee Clause does not require the United States to guarantee a Republic Form of government to itself, but only to the 50 States.

Strictly speaking, Congress was free to create such a democracy, but only within the federal zone, and not within the State zone. See 1:8:17 and 4:3:2. The territorial reach of such a democracy is necessarily limited to the federal zone, and not beyond. See also the 1866 Civil Rights Act (an early example of federal municipal law) and IRC 3121(e).

Legally speaking, the population of federal citizens now “residing” within the several States of the Union is an absolute legislative democracy, by Congressional intent. Confer at “Federal citizenship” in Black’s Sixth.

Federal citizenship is a municipal franchise domiciled in the District of Columbia. Murphy v. Ramsey, 114 U.S. 15, 45

(1885). In this context, the phrase “subject to the jurisdiction of the United States” is correctly understood to mean “subject to the municipal jurisdiction of Congress”.

The U.S. Supreme Court has acquiesced to this questionable legislative intent. Under the Downes Doctrine, the Constitution of the United States, as such, does not extend beyond the limits of the States that are united by, and under, it. See Downes v. Bidwell, 182 U.S. 244 (1901), Harlan dissenting. This Doctrine is demonstrably specious, because it is contrary to Law.

Another deceptive device, perhaps?

The Downes Doctrine was later extended in the case of Hooven & Allison v. Evatt, 324 U.S. 652 (1945), in which the high Court ruled that the guaranties [sic] of the U.S. Constitution extend into the federal zone only as Congress makes those guaranties applicable ‑‑ by enacting federal statutes. Under this Doctrine, the guarantees of the U.S. Constitution would not extend into the federal zone without specific legislative action.

This latter presumption is conclusively rebutted by the extension statutes, however. Clearly, all guarantees in the U.S. Constitution have already been expressly extended into D.C. and into all federal Territories, without exception, effectively destroying the Downes Doctrine 30 years before the fact.

Ignorance of the Law is no excuse for violating the Law.

It would only compound the ubiquitous errors that have already been made under the Downes Doctrine to treat the States of the Union as federal Territories in any manner whatsoever, least of all by convening territorial courts inside those States.

In this context, therefore, legislative tribunals like the USDC are entirely out of place, and wholly lacking jurisdiction, to entertain any cases that arise under the Lanham Act when States of the Union are the “judicial districts” where the violations are alleged to have occurred.

For now, California is a judicial district, not a legislative district, and original jurisdiction over such cases is clearly vested in courts specifically created to exercise the judicial Power of the United States.

This latter phrase is controlling, because it introduces Article III and forms the basis for all Clauses that Article contains.

Accordingly, for all of the substantive reasons stated above, the District Courts of the United States (“DCUS”) still remain the only federal courts with original jurisdiction legally competent to hear cases arising under the Lanham Act, when violations of that Act are alleged to have occurred inside States of the Union and across State lines.

7(k)      Vagueness, once fully documented wherever it occurs, will be shown to conflict directly with the stated legislative intent of the Act of June 25, 1948.

The stated legislative intent of that Act is clear enough: “The provisions of title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure, of the United States Code, set out in section 1 of this Act, … shall be construed as continuations of existing law …” [bold emphasis added].

Moreover, “No loss of rights, interruption of jurisdiction, or prejudice to matters pending in any of such courts on the effective date of this Act shall result from its enactment.” [bold emphasis added]

See Miscellaneous Provisions, Act of June 25, 1948, C. 646, §§ 2 to 39, 62 Stat. 985 to 991, as amended.

In good faith, Appellant constructs these Miscellaneous Provisions to read: “No loss of Rights and no interruption of jurisdiction shall result from its enactment.”

What, then, is meant by the term “existing law”?

If Congress had intended to abolish the DCUS, they would (and they should) have said so. The period between 1789 A.D. and 1948 A.D. spans 159 years of judicial history! Hiding a herd of elephants under a rug would be easier than hiding the DCUS under a pretense.

To reiterate these all important points: Statutes granting original jurisdiction must be strictly construed. Repeals by implication (or magic carpets) are decidedly not favored. The law of jurisdiction is fundamental law. Jurisdiction is the power to declare the law; without it, courts cannot proceed at all in any cause. Ruhrgas v. Marathon Oil Co., __ U.S. __ (1999), No. 98‑470, May 17, 1999 A.D.

In 1946 A.D., two years before the Act of June 25, 1948, the Lanham Act conferred original jurisdiction on the several DCUS. These courts are Article III constitutional courts proceeding in judicial mode. Inside the several States of the Union, the DCUS are the only federal courts with original jurisdiction to hear cases that arise under the Lanham Act.

This is the existing law!

The USDC are legislative courts typically proceeding in legislative mode. See American Insurance v. 356 Bales of Cotton, 1 Pet. 511, 7 L.Ed. 242 (1828) (C.J. Marshall’s seminal ruling); Balzac v. Porto Rico, 258 U.S. 298, 312 (1922) (the USDC is not a true United States court established under Article III!); and 28 U.S.C. §§ 88, 91, 132, 152, 171, 251, 458, 461, 1367.

Legislative courts are not required to exercise the Article III guarantees required of constitutional courts. See Keller v. Potomac Electric Power Co., 261 U.S. 428 (1923); Federal Trade Commission v. Klesner, 274 U.S. 145 (1927); Swift & Co. v. United States, 276 U.S. 311 (1928); Ex parte Bakelite Corporation, 279 U.S. 438 (1929); Federal Radio Commission v. General Electric Co., 281 U.S. 464

(1930); Claiborne-Annapolis Ferry Co. v. United States, 285 U.S. 382 (1932); O’Donoghue v. United States, 289 U.S. 516

(1933); Glidden Co. v. Zdanok, 370 U.S. 530 (1962); Northern Pipeline Co. v. Marathon Pipe Line Co., 458 U.S. 50

(1982).

To the extent that the Act of June 25, 1948, was written and enacted to justify or otherwise foster the notion that all violations of Congressional acts predating that year can now be prosecuted in the USDC ‑‑ a legislative court that was broadcasted from the federal Territories into the several (48) States on that date ‑‑ then that Act is demonstrably unconstitutional for at least four reasons:

(1)        it exhibits vagueness on this obviously important point;

 (2)        it violates the ex post facto prohibition;

 (3)        it violates the Separation of Powers Doctrine at 28 U.S.C. 2072(b) and elsewhere; and,

 (4)           it violates the well established principle that statutes granting original jurisdiction to federal courts must be strictly construed.

Prof. Emeritus Kenneth L. Karst, on the faculty of the UCLA Law School, summed it up nicely as follows:

In essence a legislative court is merely an administrative agency with an elegant name. While Congress surely has the power to transfer portions of the business of the federal judiciary to legislative courts, a wholesale transfer of that business would work a fundamental change in the status of our independent judiciary and would seem vulnerable to constitutional attack.

[Discussion of “Legislative Court”]

[in Encyclopedia of the American Constitution]

[New York, MacMillan Publishing Company (1986)]

[underlines and bold emphasis added]

7(l)       There are essential facts in this case which were either too subtle, or too voluminous, for the Magistrate and Judge Shubb to appreciate fully; neither has read and understood the whole docket file. Appellant now highlights these essential facts, to ensure that they are not also overlooked by this honorable Court:

(1)        On August 2, 1998 A.D., certain Defendants defaulted in response to Appellant’s DEMANDS FOR AUTHORIZATION (Exhibit “K”), thus satisfying the 3-year statute of limitations in the Copyright Act. Others defaulted after that date.

(2)        The acts of removing Appellant’s README file, containing His SHAREWARE POLICY, were acts of fraudulent concealment (“active misconduct”) and false designation of origin that resulted in tolling all pertinent statutes of limitation.

(3)        Withholding the identities of subscribers suspected of infringing Appellant’s exclusive copyrights was also an act of fraudulent concealment, making it impossible for the district court to assess actual damages. See Exhibit “J”.

(4)        Withholding the computer activity logs of ISP’s, in response to valid SUBPOENA’s issued under

17 U.S.C. 512(h), was tantamount to further fraudulent concealment and probable cause for contempt of court, and sanctions.

(5)        Counterfeits of the subject book remain on the Internet to this day, e.g. at Internet domain 9X.TC, proving conclusively that the threat of continuing wrong is substantial, premeditated and malicious. See Taylor supra.

(6)           Further retaliations against Appellant, e.g. denial of service attacks on Appellant’s website, physical assault and breach of the contract to serve SUMMONSES, justify immediate relief in the form of preliminary injunctions during pendency of this action

(see RELIEF REQUESTED in the Initial COMPLAINT).

(7)        Appellant’s primary emphasis in preparing the Initial COMPLAINT was to organize the electronic evidence, to preserve it intact, and to make it readily accessible via the Internet and its most popular search engines, e.g. the View | Source option in Microsoft Internet Explorer.

(8)        Printing hard copies of electronic evidence, particularly files coded in HTML, results in hiding the underlying markup codes where crucial evidence of hyperlinks and associated domains is to be found.

(9)        Appellant’s hard copy files contain many additional documents which Appellant has not had time to enter and which should be entered into evidence in the district court, e.g. the written amnesty offers that were mailed to certain suspects in the summer of 1999 A.D.

(10)      The Lanham Act was enacted expressly to enforce treaties like the Declaration and the

Covenant: “The intent of this chapter is … to provide rights and remedies stipulated by treaties and conventions respecting trademarks, trade names, and unfair competition entered into between the United States and foreign nations.”

See 15 U.S.C. 1127, last paragraph (uncodified).

(11)      Appellant’s Common Law Rights are expressly reserved by the Seventh and Tenth Amendments, the terms of which Congress is barred from re-defining. Thus, to suggest that Congress has abolished common law copyrights necessarily results in infringing Rights guaranteed by those Amendments, in this case. See Eisner v. Macomber, 252 U.S. 189 (1920).

(12)      To refer to any of the issues discussed above as “frivolous” is an obnoxious insult to Appellant. Matters that arise under the Supremacy Clause are never frivolous. Why would State and federal laws impose solemn oaths of office on all public officials, if the State and Federal Constitutions were frivolous? Reductio ad absurdum.

Do you have any other cases pending in this court? If so, give the name and docket number of each case.

Answer: No

Have you filed any previous cases which have been decided by this court? If so, give the name and docket number of each case.

Answer: No

For prisoners, did you exhaust all administrative remedies for each claim prior to filing your complaint in the district court?

Answer: (not applicable in this civil case)

The 4 United States: Which One Are We Talking About?

 Are you a Citizen, a National, a Resident Alien, or Non-Resident Alien

“United States” as a private corporation – 1871 — UScorp

(1)     United States* or U.S.* (first meaning)

  The name of the sovereign Nation, occupying the position of other sovereigns in the family of nations.

 (2)     United States** or U.S.** (second meaning)

  The federal government and the limited territory over which it exercises exclusive sovereign authority.

 (3)United States-Corp or US-Corp as a private corporation – 1871 — UScorp

 

(4)     United States*** or U.S.***

The collective name for the States united by and under the Constitution for the United States of America.

28 U.S.C. 1603(a)(3) states as follows:

(3)        which is neither a citizen of a State of the United States as defined in section 1332(c) and (d) of this title ….

Section 1332(d). The word “States”, as used in this section, includes the Territories, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

 Examples of Two Definitions

of the term “United States” in 26 U.S.C.

 First Definition

 26 U.S.C. 7701(a)(9):

(9)        United States. — The term “United States” when used in a geographical sense includes only the States and the District of Columbia.

Second Definition

 26 U.S.C. 4612(a)(4)(A):

In general. — The term “United States” means the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, any possession of the United States, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.

[emphasis added]

The Supreme Court stated in Hepburn & Dundas v. Ellsey, 6 U.S. 445, 2 Cranch 445, 2 L.Ed 332, that the District of Columbia is not a “State” within the meaning of the Constitution. Therefore, it is apparent that the meaning of the term “States” in the first definition above can only mean the territories and possessions belonging to the “United States”, because of the specific mention of the District of Columbia and the specific absence of the 50 States (inclusio unius est exclusio alterius). The District of Columbia is not a “State” within the meaning of the Constitution (see Hepburn supra). Therefore, the 50 States are specifically excluded from this first definition of the term “United States”.

Congress has no problem naming the “50 States” when it is legislating for them, so, in the second definition of the term “United States” above, Congress expressly mentions them, and there is no misunderstanding. If a statute in 26 U.S.C. does not have a special “word of art” definition for the term “United States”, then the First Definition of the term “United States” is always used (see above) because of the general nature of that term as defined by Congress.

When citizens or residents of the first “United States” are without the geographical area of this first “United States”, their “compensation for personal services actually rendered” is defined as “foreign earned income” in 26 U.S.C., Section 911(b) and 911(d)(2), as follows:

911(b) Foreign Earned Income. — …

(d)(2) Earned Income. —

(A)       In general. — The term “earned income” means wages, salaries, or professional fees, and other amounts received as compensation for personal services actually rendered, but does not include that part of the compensation derived by the taxpayer for personal services rendered by him to a corporation which represents a distribution of earnings or profits rather than a reasonable allowance as compensation for the personal services actually rendered.

A citizen or resident of the first “United States” does not pay a tax on his “compensation for personal services actually rendered” while residing outside of the first “United States”, because Congress has exempted all such compensation from taxation under 26 U.S.C., Section 911(a)(1), which reads as follows:

911(a) Exclusion from Gross Income. — … [T]here shall be excluded from the gross income of such individual, and exempt from taxation … (1) the foreign earned income of such individual ….

When residing without (outside) this “United States”, the citizen or resident of this “United States” pays no tax on “foreign earned income”, but is required to file a return, claiming the exemption (see IRS Form 2555).

26 C.F.R., Section 871-13(c) allows this citizen to abandon his citizenship or residence in the “United States” by residing elsewhere.

26 C.F.R., Section 1.911-2(g) defines the term “United States” as follows:

United States. The term “United States” when used in a geographical sense includes any territory under the sovereignty of the United States. It includes the states4, [Puerto Rico, Guam, Mariana Islands, etc.] the District of Columbia, the possessions and territories of the United States, the territorial waters of the United States, the air space over the United States, and the seabed and subsoil of those submarine areas which are adjacent to the territorial waters of the United States and over which the United States has exclusive rights, in accordance with international law ….

None of the 50 united States comes under the sovereignty of the “United States”, and subsection (h) defines the 50 States united by the Constitution as “foreign countries”:

Foreign country. The term “foreign country” when used in a geographical sense includes any territory under the sovereignty of a government other than that of the United States.

[26 C.F.R. 1.911-2(h)]

All of the 50 States are foreign with respect to each other and are under the sovereignty of their respective Legislatures, except where a power has been expressly delegated to Congress. The Citizens of each Union State are foreigners and aliens with respect to another Union State, unless they establish a residence therein under the laws of that Union State. Otherwise, they are nonresident aliens with respect to all the other Union States.

The regulations at 26 C.F.R., Section 1.1-1(a) state, in pertinent part:

General Rule. (1) Section 1 of the Code imposes an income tax on the income of every individual who is a citizen or resident of the United States and, to the extent provided by Section 871(b) or 877(b), on the income of a nonresident alien individual.

26 U.S.C., Section 1 imposes a tax on “taxable income” as follows, in pertinent part:

There is hereby imposed on the taxable income of … every married individual … who makes a single return jointly with his spouse under section 6013 ….

The regulations promulgated to explain 26 U.S.C., Section 1 are found in 26 C.F.R., Section 1.1-1, and state in pertinent part:

General Rule. (1) Section 1 of the Code imposes an income tax on the income of every individual who is a citizen or resident of the United States and, to the extent provided by Section 871(b) or 877(b), on the income of a nonresident alien individual.

And, for declarations made under the penalties of perjury, the statute at 28 U.S.C. 1746 separately defines declarations made WITHIN and WITHOUT the “United States” as follows:

If executed WITHOUT the United States: I declare … under the laws of the United States of America that the foregoing is true and correct.”

“If executed WITHIN the United States, its territories, possessions, or commonwealths: I declare … that the foregoing is true and correct.”

A democracy that recognizes only manmade laws perforce obliterates the concept of Liberty as a divine right. A Ticket to Liberty, by Lori Jacques, November 1990 edition, page 146

[emphasis added]

In the constitutional Republic, however, the rights of individuals are supreme. Individuals delegate their sovereignty to a written contract, called a constitution, which empowers government to hire public servants to write laws primarily for the benefit of individuals. The corporations occupy the lowest priority in this chain of command, since their primary objectives are to maximize the enjoyment of individual rights, and to facilitate the fulfillment of individual responsibilities. The enforcement of laws within this scheme is the responsibility of sovereign individuals, who exercise their power in three arenas: the voting booth, the trial jury, and the grand jury. Without a jury verdict of “guilty”, for example, no law can be enforced and no penalty exacted. The behavior of public servants is tightly restrained by contractual terms, as found in the written U.S. Constitution. Statutes and case law are created primarily to limit and define the scope and extent of public servant power.

Sovereign individuals are subject only to a Common Law, whose primary purposes are to protect and defend individual rights, and to prevent anyone, whether public official or private person, from violating the rights of other individuals. Within this scheme, Sovereigns are never subject to their own creations, and the constitutional contract is such a creation. To quote the Supreme Court, “No fiction can make a natural born subject.” Milvaine v. Coxe’s Lessee, 8 U.S. 598 (1808). That is to say, no fiction, be it a corporation, a statute law, or an administrative regulation, can mutate a natural born Sovereign into someone who is subject to his own creations. Author and scholar Lori Jacques has put it succinctly as follows:

As each state is sovereign and not a territory of the United States**, the meaning is clear that state citizens are not subject to the legislative jurisdiction of the United States**. Furthermore, there is not the slightest intimation in the Constitution which created the “United States” as a political entity that the “United States” is sovereign over its creators.

A Ticket to Liberty by Lori Jacques, Nov. 1990, p. 32]

Accordingly, if you choose to investigate the matter, you will find a very large body of legal literature which cites another fiction, the so-called 14th Amendment, from which the federal government presumes to derive general authority to treat everyone in America as subjects and not as Sovereigns:

Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States**, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States** and of the State wherein they reside.

[United States Constitution, Fourteenth Amendment [sic]]

[emphasis added]

A careful reading of this amendment reveals an important subtlety which is lost on many people who read it for the first time. The citizens it defines are second class citizens because the “c” is lower-case, even in the case of the State citizens it defines. Note how the amendment defines “citizens of the United States**” and “citizens of the State wherein they reside”! It is just uncanny how the wording of this amendment closely parallels the Code of Federal Regulations (“CFR”) which promulgates Section 1 of the Internal Revenue Code (“IRC”). Can it be that this amendment had something to do with subjugation, by way of taxes and other means? Yes, it most certainly did. IRC section 1 is the section which imposes income taxes. The corresponding section of the CFR defines who is a “citizen” as follows:

Every person born or naturalized in the United States** and subject to its jurisdiction is a citizen.

[26 CFR 1.1-1(c), emphasis added]

Notice the use of the term “its jurisdiction”. This leaves no doubt that the “United States**” is a singular entity in this context. In other words, it is the federal zone. Do we dare to speculate why the so-called 14th Amendment was written instead with the phrase “subject to the jurisdiction thereof“? Is this another case of deliberate ambiguity? You be the judge.

Not only did this so-called “amendment” fail to specify which meaning of the term “United States” was being used; like the 16th Amendment, it also failed to be ratified, this time by 15 of the 37 States which existed in 1868. The House Congressional Record for June 13, 1967, contains all the documentation you need to prove that the so-called 14th Amendment was never ratified into law (see page 15,641 et seq.). For example, it itemizes all States which voted against the proposed amendment, and the precise dates when their Legislatures did so. “I cannot believe that any court, in full possession of its faculties, could honestly hold that the amendment was properly approved and adopted.” State v. Phillips, 540 P.2d 936, 941 (1975). The Utah Supreme Court has detailed the shocking and sordid history of the 14th Amendment’s “adoption” in the case of Dyett v. Turner, 20 Utah 2d 403, 439 P.2d 266, 270 (1968).

A great deal of written material on the 14th Amendment has been assembled into computer files by Richard McDonald, whose mailing address is 585-D Box Canyon Road, Canoga Park, California Republic (not “CA”). He requests that ZIP codes not be used on his incoming mail (use the foreign address format found in USPS Publication 221 instead).

Richard McDonald has done a mountain of legal research and writing on the origins and effects of the so-called 14th Amendment. He documents how key court decisions like the Slaughter House Cases, among many others, all found that there is a clear distinction between a Citizen of a State and a citizen of the United States** . A State Citizen is a Sovereign, whereas a citizen of the United States** is a subject of Congress.

The exercise of federal citizenship is a statutory privilege which can be taxed with excises. The exercise of State Citizenship is a Common Law Right which simply cannot be taxed, because governments cannot tax the exercise of a right, ever.

The case of U.S. v. Cruikshank is famous, not only for confirming this distinction between State Citizens and federal citizens, but also for establishing a key precedent in the area of due process. This precedent underlies the “void for vagueness” doctrine which can and should be applied to nullify the IRC. On the issue of citizenship, the Cruikshank court ruled as follows:

We have in our political system a government of the United States** and a government of each of the several States. Each one of these governments is distinct from the others, and each has citizens of its own who owe it allegiance, and whose rights, within its jurisdiction, it must protect. The same person may be at the same time a citizen of the United States** and a citizen of a State, but his rights of citizenship under one of these governments will be different from those he has under the other. Slaughter-House Cases

 [United States v. Cruikshank, 92 U.S. 542 (1875)]

[emphasis added]

The leading authorities for this pivotal distinction are, indeed, a series of U.S. Supreme Court decisions known as the Slaughter House Cases, which examined the so-called 14th Amendment in depth. An exemplary paragraph from these cases is the following:

It is quite clear, then, that there is a citizenship of the United States** and a citizenship of a State, which are distinct from each other and which depend upon different characteristics or circumstances in the individual.

[Slaughter House Cases, 83 U.S. 36, 16 Wall. 36]

[21 L.Ed. 394 (1873)]

[emphasis added]

 

A similar authority is found in the case of K. Tashiro v. Jordan, decided by the Supreme Court of the State of California almost fifty years later. Notice, in particular, how the California Supreme Court again cites the Slaughter House Cases:

That there is a citizenship of the United States** and a citizenship of a state, and the privileges and immunities of one are not the same as the other is well established by the decisions of the courts of this country. The leading cases upon the subjects are those decided by the Supreme Court of the United States and reported in 16 Wall. 36, 21 L. Ed. 394, and known as the Slaughter House Cases.

[K. Tashiro v. Jordan, 256 P. 545, 549 (1927)]

[affirmed 278 U.S. 123 (1928)]

[emphasis added]

The Slaughter House Cases are quite important to the issue of citizenship, but the pivotal case on the subject is the famous Dred Scott decision, decided in 1856, prior to the Civil War. In this case, the U.S. Supreme Court wrote one of the longest decisions in the entire history of American jurisprudence. In arriving at their understanding of the precise meaning of Citizenship, as understood by the Framers of the Constitution, the high Court left no stone unturned in their search for relevant law:

We have the language of the Declaration of Independence and of the Articles of Confederation, in addition to the plain words of the Constitution itself: we have the legislation of the different States, before, about the time, and since the Constitution was adopted; we have the legislation of Congress, from the time of its adoption to a recent period; and we have the constant and uniform action of the Executive Department, all concurring together, and leading to the same result. And if anything in relation to the construction of the Constitution can be regarded as settled, it is that which we now give to the word “citizen” and the word “people.”

 [Dred Scott v. Sandford, 19 How. 393 (1856)]

[emphasis added]

In the fundamental law, the notion of a “citizen of the United States” simply did not exist before the 14th Amendment; at best, this notion is a fiction within a fiction. In discussing the power of the States to naturalize, the California Supreme Court put it rather bluntly when it ruled that there was no such thing as a “citizen of the United States”:

A citizen of any one of the States of the union, is held to be, and called a citizen of the United States, although technically and abstractly there is no such thing. To conceive a citizen of the United States who is not a citizen of some one of the States, is totally foreign to the idea, and inconsistent with the proper construction and common understanding of the expression as used in the Constitution, which must be deduced from its various other provisions. The object then to be attained, by the exercise of the power of naturalization, was to make citizens of the respective States.

 [Ex Parte Knowles, 5 Cal. 300 (1855)]

[emphasis added]

This decision has never been overturned!

What is the proper construction and common understanding of the term “Citizen of the United States” as used in the original U.S. Constitution, before the so-called 14th Amendment? This is an important question, because this status is still a qualification for the federal offices of Senator, Representative and President.

No Person can be a Representative unless he has been a Citizen of the United States for seven years (1:2:2); no Person can be a Senator unless he has been a Citizen of the United States for nine years (1:3:3); no Person can be President unless he is a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States (2:1:5).

If these requirements had been literally obeyed, there could have been no elections for Representatives to Congress for at least seven years after the adoption of the Constitution, and no one would have been eligible to be a Senator for nine years after its adoption.

Author John S. Wise, in a rare book now available on Richard McDonald’s electronic bulletin board system (“BBS”), explains away the problem very simply as follows:

The language employed by the convention was less careful than that which had been used by Congress in July of the same year, in framing the ordinance for the government of the Northwest Territory. Congress had made the qualification rest upon citizenship of “one of the United States***,” and this is doubtless the intent of the convention which framed the Constitution, for it cannot have meant anything else.

 [Studies in Constitutional Law:]

[A Treatise on American Citizenship]

[by John S. Wise, Edward Thompson Co. (1906)]

[emphasis added]

This quote from the Northwest Ordinance is faithful to the letter and to the spirit of that law. In describing the eligibility for “representatives” to serve in the general assembly for the Northwest Territory, the critical passage from that Ordinance reads as follows:

… Provided, That no person be eligible or qualified to act as a representative, unless he shall have been a citizen of one of the United States*** three years, and be a resident in the district, or unless he shall have resided in the district three years; ….

[Northwest Ordinance, Section 9, July 13, 1787]

[The Confederate Congress]

[emphasis added]

Without citing the case as such, the words of author John S. Wise sound a close, if not identical parallel to the argument for the Respondent filed in the case of People v. De La Guerra, decided by the California Supreme Court in 1870. The following long passage elaborates the true meaning of the Constitutional qualifications for the federal offices of President and Representative:

As it was the adoption of the Constitution by the Conventions of nine States that established and created the United States***, it is obvious there could not then have existed any person who had been seven years a citizen of the United States***, or who possessed the Presidential qualifications of being thirty-five years of age, a natural born citizen, and fourteen years a resident of the United States***. The United States*** in these provisions, means the States united. To be twenty-five years of age, and for seven years to have been a citizen of one of the States which ratifies the Constitution, is the qualification of a representative. To be a natural born citizen of one of the States which shall ratify the Constitution, or to be a citizen of one of said States at the time of such ratification, and to have attained the age of thirty-five years, and to have been fourteen years a resident within one of the said States, are the Presidential qualifications, according to the true meaning of the Constitution.

[People v. De La Guerra, 40 Cal. 311, 337 (1870)]

[emphasis added]

Indeed, this was the same exact understanding that was reached by the U.S. Supreme Court in Dred Scott. There, the high Court clearly reinforced the sovereign status of Citizens of the several States. The sovereigns are the Union State Citizens, i.e. the Citizens of the States United:

It is true, every person, and every class and description of persons, who were at the time of the adoption of the Constitution recognized as citizens in the several States, became also citizens of this new political body; but none other; it was formed by them, and for them and their posterity, but for no one else. And the personal rights and privileges guarantied [sic] to citizens of this new sovereignty were intended to embrace those only who were then members of the several state communities, or who should afterwards, by birthright or otherwise, become members, according to the provisions of the Constitution and the principles on which it was founded.

[Dred Scott v. Sandford, 19 How. 393, 404 (1856)]

[emphasis added]

Thus, the phrase “Citizen of the United States” as found in the original Constitution is synonymous with the phrase “Citizen of one of the United States***”, i.e., a Union State Citizen. This simple explanation will help to cut through the mountain of propaganda and deception which have been foisted on all Americans by government bureaucrats and their high-paid lawyers. Federal citizens were not even contemplated as such when the organic U.S. Constitution was first drafted. For authority, see the case of Pannill v. Roanoke, 252 F. 910, 914-915 (1918), as quoted in the Preface.

With this understanding firmly in place, it is very revealing to discover that many reprints of the Constitution now utilize a lower-case “c” in the clauses which describe the qualifications for the offices of Senator, Representative and President. This is definitely wrong, and it is probably deliberate, so as to confuse everyone into equating Citizens of the United States with citizens of the United States, courtesy of the so-called 14th Amendment. This is another crucial facet of the federal tax fraud.

There is a very big difference between the two statuses, not the least of which is the big difference in their respective liabilities for the income tax.

 Moreover, it is quite clear that one may be a State Citizen without also being a “citizen of the United States”, whether or not the 14th Amendment was properly ratified! According to the Louisiana Supreme Court, the highest exercise of a State’s sovereignty is the right to declare who are its own Citizens:

A person who is a citizen of the United States** is necessarily a citizen of the particular state in which he resides. But a person may be a citizen of a particular state and not a citizen of the United States**. To hold otherwise would be to deny to the state the highest exercise of its sovereignty, — the right to declare who are its citizens.

[State v. Fowler, 41 La. Ann. 380, 6 S. 602 (1889)]

[emphasis added]

This right is reserved to each of the 50 States by the Tenth Amendment.

In a book to which this writer has returned time and time again, author Alan Stang faithfully recites some of the other relevant court authorities, all of which ultimately trace back to the Slaughter House Cases and the Dred Scott decision:

Indeed, just as one may be a “citizen of the United States” and not a citizen of a State; so one apparently may be a citizen of a State but not of the United States. On July 21, 1966, the Court of Appeal of Maryland ruled in Crosse v. Board of Supervisors of Elections, 221 A.2d 431; a headnote in which tells us: “Both before and after the Fourteenth Amendment to the federal Constitution, it has not been necessary for a person to be a citizen of the United States in order to be a citizen of his state ….” At page 434, Judge Oppenheimer cites a Wisconsin ruling in which the court said this: “Under our complex system of government, there may be a citizen of a state, who is not a citizen of the United States in the full sense of the term

[Tax Scam, 1988 edition, pages 138-139]

[emphasis added]

Conversely, there may be a citizen of the United States** who is not a Citizen of any one of the 50 States. In People v. De La Guerra quoted above, the published decision of the California Supreme Court clearly maintained this crucial distinction between the two classes of citizenship, and did so only two years after the alleged ratification of the so‑called 14th Amendment:

[Please see next page.]

I have no doubt that those born in the Territories, or in the District of Columbia, are so far citizens as to entitle them to the protection guaranteed to citizens of the United States** in the Constitution, and to the shield of nationality abroad; but it is evident that they have not the political rights which are vested in citizens of the States. They are not constituents of any community in which is vested any sovereign power of government. Their position partakes more of the character of subjects than of citizens. They are subject to the laws of the United States**, but have no voice in its management. If they are allowed to make laws, the validity of these laws is derived from the sanction of a Government in which they are not represented. Mere citizenship they may have, but the political rights of citizens they cannot enjoy until they are organized into a State, and admitted into the Union.

[People v. De La Guerra, 40 Cal. 311, 342 (1870)]

[emphasis added]

Using language that was much more succinct, author Luella Gettys, Ph.D. and “Sometime Carnegie Fellow in International Law” at the University of Chicago, explained it quite nicely this way:

… [A]s long as the territories are not admitted to statehood no state citizenship therein could exist.

[The Law of Citizenship in the United States]

[Chicago, Univ. of Chicago Press, 1934, p. 7]

This clear distinction between the Union States and the territories is endorsed officially by the U.S. Supreme Court. Using language very similar to that of the California Supreme Court in the De La Guerra case, the high Court explained the distinction this way in the year 1885, seventeen years after the adoption of the so-called 14th amendment:

The people of the United States***, as sovereign owners of the national territories, have supreme power over them and their inhabitants. … The personal and civil rights of the inhabitants of the territories are secured to them, as to other citizens, by the principles of constitutional liberty, which restrain all the agencies of government, state and national; their political rights are franchises which they hold as privileges in the legislative discretion of the congress of the United States**. This doctrine was fully and forcibly declared by the chief justice, delivering the opinion of the court in National Bank v. County of Yankton, 101 U.S. 129.  

[Murphy v. Ramsey, 114 U.S. 15 (1885)]

[italics in original, emphasis added]

The political rights of the federal zone’s citizens are “franchises” which they hold as “privileges” at the discretion of the Congress of the United States**. Indeed, the doctrine declared earlier in the National Bank case leaves no doubt that Congress is the municipal authority for the territories:

All territory within the jurisdiction of the United States* not included in any State must, necessarily, be governed by or under the authority of Congress. The Territories are but political subdivisions of the outlying dominion of the United States**. They bear much the same relation to the General Government that counties do to the States, and Congress may legislate for them as States do for their respective municipal organizations. The organic law of a Territory takes the place of a constitution, as the fundamental law of the local government. It is obligatory on and binds the territorial authorities; but Congress is supreme and, for the purposes of this department of its governmental authority, has all the powers of the People of the United States***, except such as have been expressly or by implication reserved in the prohibitions of the Constitution.

[First National Bank v. Yankton, 101 U.S. 129 (1880)]

[emphasis added]

This knowledge can be extremely valuable. In one of the brilliant text files on his electronic bulletin board system (BBS), Richard McDonald utilized his voluminous research into the so-called 14th Amendment and related constitutional law when he made the following pleading in opposition to a traffic citation, of all things, in Los Angeles county municipal court:

The Accused Common-Law Citizen [Defendant] hereby places all parties and the court on NOTICE, that he is not a “citizen of the United States**” under the so-called 14th Amendment, a juristic person or a franchised person who can be compelled to perform to the regulatory Vehicle Codes which are civil in nature, and challenges the In Personam jurisdiction of the Court with this contrary conclusion of law. This Court is now mandated to seat on the law side of its capacity to hear evidence of the status of the Accused Citizen.

[see MEMOLAW.ZIP on Richard McDonald’s electronic BBS]

[see also FMEMOLAW.ZIP and Appendix Y, emphasis added]

You might be wondering why someone would go to so much trouble to oppose a traffic citation. Why not just pay the fine and get on with your life? The answer lies, once again, in the fundamental and supreme Law of our Land, the Constitution for the United States of America. Sovereign State Citizens have learned to assert their fundamental rights, because rights belong to the belligerent claimant in person. The Constitution is the last bastion of the Common Law in our country. Were it not for the Constitution, the Common Law would have been history a long time ago. The interpretation of the Constitution is directly influenced by the fact that its provisions are framed in the language of the English common law:

There is, however, one clear exception to the statement that there is no national common law. The interpretation of the constitution of the United States is necessarily influenced by the fact that its provisions are framed in the language of the English common law, and are to be read in the light of its history.

[United States v. Wong Kim Ark, 169 U.S. 891, 893 (1898)]

[emphasis added]

Under the Common Law, we are endowed by our Creator with the right to travel. “Driving”, on the other hand, is defined in State Vehicle Codes to mean the act of chauffeuring passengers for hire. “Passengers” are those who pay a “driver” to be chauffeured. Guests, on the other hand, are those who accompany travelers without paying for the transportation. Driving, under this definition, is a privilege for which a State can require a license. Similarly, if you are a citizen of the United States**, you are subject to its jurisdiction, and a State government can prove that you are obligated thereby to obey all administrative statutes and regulations to the letter of the law. These regulations include, of course, the requirement that all subjects apply and pay for licenses to use the State and federal highways, even though the highways belong to the People. The land on which they were built, and the materials and labor expended in their construction, were all paid for with taxes obtained from the People. Provided that you are not engaged in any “privileged” or regulated activity, you are free to travel anywhere you wish within the 50 States. Those States are real parties to the U.S. Constitution and are therefore bound by all its terms.

Another one of your Common Law rights is the right to own property free and clear of any liens. (“Unalienable” rights are rights against which no lien can be established precisely because they are un-lien-able.) You enjoy the right to own your automobile outright, without any lawful requirement that you “register” it with the State Department of Motor Vehicles. The State governments violated your fundamental rights when they concealed the legal “interest” which they obtained in your car, by making it appear as if you were required to register the car when you purchased it, as a condition of purchase. This is fraud. If you don’t believe me, then try to obtain the manufacturer’s statement of origin (“MSO”) the next time you buy a new car or truck. The implications and ramifications of driving around without a license, and/or without registration, are far beyond the scope of this book. Suffice it to say that effective methods have already been developed to deal with law enforcement officers and courts, if and when you are pulled over and cited for traveling without a license or tags. Richard McDonald is second to none when it comes to preparing a successful defense to the civil charges that might result. A Sovereign is someone who enjoys fundamental, Common Law rights, and owning property free and clear is one of those fundamental rights.

If you have a DOS-compatible personal computer and a modem, Richard McDonald can provide you with instructions for accessing his electronic bulletin board system (“BBS”) and Internet website. There is a mountain of information, and some of his computer files were rather large when he began his BBS. Users were complaining of long transmission times to “download” text files over phone lines from his BBS to their own personal computers. So, McDonald used a fancy text “compression” program on all the text files available on his BBS. As a consequence, BBS users must first download a DOS program which “decompresses” the compressed files. Once this program is running on your personal computer, you are then free to download all other text files and to decompress them at your end. For example, the compressed file “14AMREC.ZIP” contains the documentation which proves that the so‑called 14th Amendment was never ratified. If you have any problems or questions, Richard McDonald is a very patient and generous man. And please tell him where you read about him and his work (voice: 818-703-5037, BBS: 818-888-9882). His website is at Internet domain

http://www.state-citizen.org .

As you peruse through McDonald’s numerous court briefs and other documents, you will encounter many gems to be remembered and shared with your family, friends and associates. His work has confirmed an attribute of sovereignty that is of paramount importance. Sovereignty is never diminished in delegation. Thus, as sovereign individuals, we do not diminish our sovereignty in any way by delegating our powers to State governments, to perform services which are difficult, if not impossible for us to perform as individuals. Similarly, States do not diminish their sovereignty by delegating powers to the federal government, via the Constitution. As McDonald puts it, powers delegated do not equate to powers surrendered:

Under the Constitutions, “… we the People” did not surrender our individual sovereignty to either the State or Federal Government. Powers “delegated” do not equate to powers surrendered. This is a Republic, not a democracy, and the majority cannot impose its will upon the minority because the “LAW” is already set forth. Any individual can do anything he or she wishes to do so long as it does not damage, injure, or impair the same Right of another individual. This is where the concept of a corpus delicti comes from to prove a “crime” or a civil damage.

[see MEMOLAW.ZIP on Richard McDonald’s electronic BBS]

[see also FMEMOLAW.ZIP and Appendix Y, emphasis added]

Indeed, to be a Citizen of the United States*** of America is to be one of the Sovereign People, “a constituent member of the sovereignty, synonymous with the people” [see 19 How. 404]. According to the 1870 edition of Bouvier’s Law Dictionary, the People are the fountain of sovereignty. It is extremely revealing that there is no definition of “United States” as such in this dictionary. However, there is an important discussion of the “United States of America”, where the delegation of sovereignty clearly originates in the People and nowhere else:

The great men who formed it did not undertake to solve a question that in its own nature is insoluble. Between equals it made neither superior, but trusted to the mutual forbearance of both parties. A larger confidence was placed in an enlightened public opinion as the final umpire. The people parcelled out the rights of sovereignty between the states and the United States**, and they have a natural right to determine what was given to one party and what to the other. … It is a maxim consecrated in public law as well as common sense and the necessity of the case, that a sovereign is answerable for his acts only to his God and to his own conscience.

[Bouvier’s Law Dictionary, 14th Edition, 1870]

defining “United States of America”

People as Sovereigns

The Preamble of the Constitution for the United States of America does not specifically define the word “People.” Nevertheless, the definition becomes apparent in the context of the other words and prior history.

END OF PART ONE

FOR PART TWO GO HERE: http://wp.me/p1jN4X-1Oi

CURRUPTION

One Freemans War In the Second American Revolution – Mark Emery

February 6th, 2017 by

https://www.amazon.com/One-Freemans-War-American-Revolution/dp/0692360980/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1486396279&sr=1-1&keywords=One+freeman%27s+War+Mark+Emery

OLDDOGS MUST READ LIST

By Olddog

I have heard it said “A man is what he reads”, so what is he if he does not read? Well like so many Americans these days, I would say he is NOT MUCH. He is probably an air-head TV junkie at best and intellectually defiant, only taking what he can, and uninterested in anything requiring though or labor.

Hopefully that is not you; the reader of this rant.

My opinion of this book is that every human being in this woebegone land should be forced to read it, so his/her brain could be exposed to some oxygen that is produced by cognitive activity in the tissue occupying the frontal cortex.

Amazing true story about American heroes who dared to challenge tyranny at every level. (Adventure, Philosophy, Intelligence)

Ordinary citizens had the government running scared!

With a background in International Business, Rex Freeman was recruited heavily by the C.I.A. to do work overseas under ‘private cover’. He endured a gruelling screening process which spanned nearly 8 months. When he was finally invited to the Langley headquarters to make the final step, he declined the offer. Being a man of strong principles he knew he wouldn’t fit in any situation in which he’d have to sell his soul for nefarious black ops.

It wasn’t long before he had a run in with the I.R.S. which didn’t suit him much. He uncovered fraud in the process and this led him to start studying the law. The more he studied, the more fraud, deception and misapplication of the law he uncovered and it wasn’t long before he became a citizen advocate for natural rights and lawful government. Instead of working ‘for’ the government as he nearly did, he was now attacking it head on and trying to put overzealous tyrants back in their proper place as servants to their masters, the people.

Rex became very public with weekly seminars and public training exposing the corruption and then offering solutions on what people can do about it to protect themselves and hold tyrants accountable. This led to a radio show and that ‘did it’. He became a threat to ‘business as usual’ by the ‘status quo’. The game was on and he became a target for persecution. The more government tried to silence him, the more he discovered and he became even more effective in countering the their attacks and suppression tactics.

They threw him in jail, and he broadcast his radio show from the phone in his cell pod interviewing the inmates about abuses they had suffered. They couldn’t shut him up. He wouldn’t back down. The more they threatened him, the more he pushed back and he exposed their iniquity for all to see.

Rex and others like him took on;

Overzealous Police

Corrupt Courts

Errant Public Officials

The I.R.S.

and even The Fed and the U.S. Treasury.

They proved that the Government Goliath could be humbled by their Citizen Masters!

We all know that ‘Knowledge is Power’. Rex and others like him had acquired the knowledge and the power to defend themselves and challenge ‘the machine’ which so many of us feel so helpless to stand up against. This is a story of hope. It is a gripping adventure. It’s entertaining and funny! Yet it is as serious as a heart attack. You will be enlightened when you learn some of the amazing discoveries that were made and you will see the key issues that have bound you over to servitude in our current system of law.

Lessons and Discoveries for all Americans & Freedom Lovers Worldwide.

The issues raised in this book are critical to understand as it comes down to pure operation of law and how your rights are converted into privileges and regulated by the government. Which do you prefer; the status quo where temporary government granted privileges can be suspended on a whim? Or immutable Natural, God Given rights, which nobody can infringe upon? The choice is yours.

Reclaim those natural rights. Understand the issues.

Read this book to advance your knowledge (while being entertained at the same time)

 

$19.95 at Amazon Books

Top Customer Reviews

5.0 out of 5 starsA Revelation of Compassionate Service

ByPouvre Toveson May 28, 2015

Format: Kindle Edition

This book is unmistakably, an autobiography, set in the most recent time-frame and applicable to all Americans who love liberty and long for the freedoms we have lost.
It unveils a chronology of historical details few could know by direct experience.
It exposes a cesspool of corruption and reflects upon the evil at the core of our cultural demise. This IS a record of the global cabal masquerading behind a veil of darkness even when illuminated by the light of truth. And it is intimate with our sorrow as a Fallen Nation – not unlike how the Native Americans were beaten into submission not so long ago.
Our Founding Fathers admonished us to keep vigilant to defend our GREAT REPUBLIC against the forces they knew all too well would work to undermine, corrupt and usurp our freedoms. We did not listen.
This book shows how we have become slaves – how the terms of our capture are dictated and how we are granted permission to live and work for ‘them.’
One Freeman’s War is our war – though few choose to stand up and fight or have the guts to take a stand for what is ethical, compassionate and liberating. How often we choose to fight against each other than join together to reclaim what is ours – granted only by God.
In this book you will read about the way some freedom fighters broke through the walls of this great deception and walked into the illusion and stood for a time in that other world of sheer greed and power. They saw the puppeteers behind that shroud and engaged them. They were emboldened by what they learned and entered their castle keep to reclaim what had been stolen – from us all.
Using their discoveries we now have a map we can all study to follow – a map that leads to a new land of liberty for all as Freemen.

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5.0 out of 5 starsA MUST READ

ByDGon July 10, 2015

Format: Kindle Edition|Verified Purchase

This is a must read for those who still have their heads buried in the sand as to how crooked our judicial system is and how they will lie, cheat and steal to take away anybody’s freedom if they aren’t one of the sheeple and marching to the beat of the drum. I only wish I were as versed on the law of the land as well as the author. He gives very good information regarding the legal processes he used to defend himself against the system, which could be useful in helping anyone who chooses to live life as a free man, as God intended. I admire the author for writing this book in hopes that it will become a best seller, whereas awakening the masses to the fact that even though freedom is a God given right, if we don’t fight for it, it will be lost forever. Good work, Mark!!!

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5.0 out of 5 starsA story of a modern Don Quixote

Bysquireon June 9, 2015

Format: Paperback

This is the story of a modern Don Quixote with all of the adventure and humor, but with a great deal of sadness since it is not based upon the imagination of a writer, but mostly upon the real life drama that Americans suffer through every day. Yes, suffer through, even if most Americans are too blind and indifferent to see the reality of their own situation. The story of Rex Freeman is a story of the desire to live free. Not everyone will agree with his methods, or even his direction, but who cannot desire to be free? There are many paths for many people, and the adventure is figuring out which one is for you. Or you can just sit at home on your couch watching Reality TV while Reality quietly slips past you, and you are bound by the soft cords of modern tyranny.

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4.0 out of 5 starsA BRILLIANT LESSON TO PROTECT FROM TYRANNY.

ByPierre Herberton May 29, 2015

Format: Paperback|Verified Purchase

Within less than 350 pages, you learn, if you did not know it before, that honest people need to protect themselves against tyranny:
If people do not know how they can be manipulated, they will be controlled. our God given rights are “legislated away” and speculators, money powers, other potential and powerful tyrants will govern you, already own you thru the bank system and the public servants modus operandi.
Nowadays, God’s law has been hijacked by man’s law and, if ignorant, we boast about it like we boast about man’s technological progress which is about to destroy our planet and ourselves.
Would we be able to teach every one what it is all about, oppression would have to vanish and honest people would have another chance to live free.
Mark Emery is trying here to give us the first lesson to adapt and find solutions. The book is brilliantly written and evident power games are well documented. I find it very entertaining.

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5.0 out of 5 starsI will participate in the revelution! I have re-read the book and find it even more compelling ! I take it as acall to action

ByEarl Thompsonon April 20, 2015

Format: Kindle Edition|Verified Purchase

The book is well written and very informative.
You have fought a variant fight and aI am proud to be associated
With you.ven
I plan to recommend this book to everyone I know.

In recent days I have learned that homeland security has become
We’ll trained and heavily armed force and Is surely preparing to
Implement marshal law.
I do not see any way “we the people” can win this battle.
We are all hooked on feeding at the government trough!
I hope to visit Pamama in the near future!

American Revolution


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